You May Ask Yourself Sociology Chapter 9: Race

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Terms in this set (...)

race
a group of people who share a set of characteristics- typically, but not always physical ones- and are said to share a common bloodline
racism
the belief that members of separate races possess different and unequal traits
scientific racism
19th century theories of race that characterize a period of feverish investigation into the origins, explanations and classifications of race
ethnocentrism
the belief that ones own culture or group is superior to others and the tendency to view all other cultures from the perspective of ones own
ontological equality
the philosophical and religious notion that everyone is created equal
social darwinism
the application of Darwinism ideas to a society, namely, the evolutionary "survival of the fittest"
eugenics
literally meaning "well born", the theory of controlling the fertility of populations to influence inheritable traits passed on from generation to generation
nativism
movement to protect and preserve indigenous land or culture form the allegedly dangerous and polluting effects of new immigrants
one drop rule
the belief that "one drop" of black blood makes a person black, a concept that evolved form US laws forbidding miscegenation
miscegenation
the technical term for interracial marriage
racialization
the formation of a new racial identity in which ideological boundaries of difference are drawn around a formerly unnoticed group of people
ethnicity
ones ethnic equality or affiliation. it is voluntary, self-defined, nonhierarchical, fluid, multiple and based on cultural differences, not physical ones per se.
symbolic ethnicity
a nationality, not in the sense of carrying the rights and duties of citizenship but of identifying with a past or future nationality
straight line assimilation
Robert Parks 1920s universal and linear model for how immigrants assimilate; they first arrive, then settle in, and achieve a full assimilation in a newly homogeneous country
primordialism
Clifford Geertz term to explain the strength of ethnic ties because they are fixed in deeply felt or primordial ties to ones own homeland culture
pluralism
the presence and engaged coexistence of numerous distinct groups in one society
segregation
the legal or social practice of separating people on the basis of their race or ethnicity
genocide
the mass killing of a group of people based racial, ethnic or religious traits
subaltern
describes subordinate, oppressed group of people
collective resistance
an organized effort to change a power hierarchy on the part of a less-powerful group in society
prejudice
thoughts and feelings about an ethnic or racial group
discrimination
harmful or negative acts (not mere thoughts) against people deemed inferior on the basis of their racial category without regard to their individual merit
institutional racism
institutions and social dynamics that may seem race- neutral but actually disadvantage minority groups