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The Great Gatsby
Terms in this set (57)
What did Fitzgerald name the 1920's?
The Jazz Age
What represents new money?
What represents old money?
What is self-earned money?
What is money passed down from generation to generation?
Where do Nick and Gatsby live?
Where does Daisy live?
Where is the valley of ashes located?
between the city and west egg
What does the green light symbolize?
Gatsby's hopes and dreams about Daisy
What does the valley of ashes symbolize?
the social and moral decay of society during the 1920's and the negative effects of greed
What do the eyes of Dr. T.J. Ekleburg symbolize?
God's moral judgment on society
What does this mean:
So we beat on, boats against the current, borne back ceaselessly into the past.
the present is always influenced by the past, we row against the current, not moving forward, we always return to the dreams of our past
not earned through work done by yourself?
respected above all in the 1920's?
someone who has achieved the American Dream?
not as respected in the 1920's?
What information does Nick give us about himself in the prologue?
he reserves judgement (not quick to judge), has high toleration of people but has a breaking point, he came back home to Midwest from the East
What does Nick say is "gorgeous" about Gatsby? Find the quote.
his personality was charming ("heightened sensitivity")
When Nick returns from the war, why does he decide to go East?
to go into bond business; wants to move from "ragged end of universe" to "the center of it" (NYC)
The action in this story takes place over the course of one summer. What occurs that makes Nick feel that his life is beginning over again?
move to West Egg, stranger asks him for directions and makes him feel part of west egg
What is Daisy's most noticeable feature?
an excitement in her voice that men who cared about her found it hard to forget
What is the reader left to think about Daisy's emotional state and her relationship with Tom in Chapter 1?
she's disturbed at Tom's affair and the fact she was faking the cynical outburst
As Nick drives away in chapter 1 from the house, he experiences a number of conflicting emotions. Why does he feel touched? Why does he feel confused and disgusted?
touched - they cared about him and showed genuine interest in if he got engaged
confused and disgusted - wants his cousin (Daisy) to act maternal
At the end of chapter 1, Nick sees Gatsby on the lawn and is about to call on him but doesn't. What stops him? What does Gatsby's "trembling" suggest?
he seems content to be alone, he is being more emotional and is not something that he really does
At the party in the apartment, what social classes are represented and by whom?
working class - Myrtle
middle class - the McKees
middle upper class - Nick
upper class - Tom
In what social class does Nick belong?
upper middle class because has many advantages and tastes of upper class but not the money
In what way is the party in the apartment different from the dinner at the Buchanans in chapter 1? How is it similar?
different - this party: drunken affair, buchanan house: elegant and refined
similar - good deal of unhappiness, "the other woman" was being mentioned
The McKees only appear in chapter 2. Why does Fitzgerald bring them into the story?
to contrast the high class people that we meet and the middle and low class people
What is Nick's opinion of the people at Gatsby's parites when he says "that once there, the guests conducted themselves according to the rules of behavior associated with amusement parks"?
didn't care what they did, reckless, nick didn't like it and showed contempt for their rude behavior
Why do Jordan and Nick leave the group from East Egg at Gatsby's party?
to find Gatsby
What do Gatsby and Nick have in common?
both in the third division in France during the war
Why do you suppose that Jordan doesn't believe Gatsby when he says that he had attended Oxford College in England?
Gatsby didn't fit that image of an oxford man, people that go to oxford generally have old money and gatsby lives in new money
What do you think Fitzgerald wishes to convey about Gatsby's parties through the incident with the drunks and the car and the husbands and wives arguing?
even though they are wealthy, parties usually end in drunkeness and unhappiness
What is the purpose of the last section of chapter 2 that begins, "Reading over what I have written so far..."?
shows us his life apart from Gatsby, Daisy, Tom, and Jordan which he spent most of his time talking about
Why is Nick a little disappointed with Gatsby?
its hard to establish a relationship because he has very little to say
What changes Nick's mind about the veracity of Gatsby's stories?
the metal from Montenegro and the picture from Oxford
How did Daisy behave the night before her wedding?
drunk and upset over a letter she got, she is considering breaking off the engagement and giving back the pearls he gave her
In chapter 5, what three stages does Gatsby go through as he waits for and then meets with Daisy?
embarrassment, unreasoning joy, wonder (at her presence)
How does Daisy react to meeting Gatsby for the first time?
it was awkward, she was overtaken by unexpected joy, cries as he shows her his wealth
What does Nick mean when he says, "even that afternoon Daisy tumbled short of Gatsby's dreams - not through her own fault..."?
over the past 5 years, Gatsby built up the image of Daisy so much that it will be impossible for her to live up to it
Who are Gatsby's parents and what is he leaving when he leaves home at 16?
shiftless and unsuccessful farm people, the farm (his old, boring/not glamorous lifestyle), his imagination never really accepted them as parents at all
When and why does James Gatz change his name to Jay Gatsby?
when Dan Cody asks him his name and changes it because he wanted a new and glamorous lifestyle (it was a more glamorous name)
For James Gatz, what will the ideal Jay Gatsby be, do, and have?
travel, wealthy glamorous lifestyle, sophisticated person in the world
To young Gatz, what does Dan Cody's yacht represent?
extravegence, wealth, beauty, glamour in the world
Why doesn't Gatsby get the $25,000 left him in Cody's will?
Ella Kaye cheats him out of it
What is Daisy's opinion of Gatsby's party?
other than when she is with him, she doesn't like it
When Gatsby says that he cannot make Daisy understand, what is it that he wants her to understand?
that he can give her just as much or even more to her than Tom ever could
What is Nick's view of repeating the past, and what is Gatsby's opinion?
Nick says you can't change the past because she has her mind set, but Gatsby thinks he can use his money to create new night and win her back
What does Tom discover that unnerves him, and how does he discover it?
he sees the look in Daisy's eyes and realizes she loves Gatsby
In what cars do the five of them travel into the city?
Tom's car - Gatsby, Daisy
Gatsby's car - Tom, Nick, Jordan
Why does Daisy have a tough time saying, as Gatsby wishes, that she never loved Tom?
at one time, she actually loved him, but if she says she doesn't now she may have to make a change in her life
How has Gatsby gotten some of his money, and what does Tom say that startles Gatsby?
by selling illegal alcohol over the counter at his drug stores and gambling. Tom says that Gatsby has something "big going on" but Tom's friend is afraid to say what it is
What is Daisy's reaction to news of how Gatsby got his money?
withdraws from everyone, including Gatsby
What indication is there that Tom really is fond of Myrtle?
he is crying as they drive off
What is the cause of the problem between Jordan and Nick?
he sees her the same way as he sees the Buchanans
At the end of the novel, Nick makes the symbol of the green light very concrete. What does the green light symbolize?
the future that year by year resides before us
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