CAE reading and use of English, part 4

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My brother now earns far less than he did when he was younger.

NEARLY

My brother ................................................. much now as he did when he was younger
Does not/ doesn't make/earn, NEARLY so/as
They are demolishing the old bus station and replacing it with a new one.

PULLED

The old bus station is ........................................ with a new one.
Being PULLED down and (being) replaced/to be replaced

To be PULLED down and replaced
The number of students now at university has reached an all-time high, apparently.

THE


The number of students now at university is.................... been, apparently.
THE highest (that/which) it has ever/it's ever
I'm disappointed with the Fishers' new album when I compare it to their previous one.

COMPARISON

I think the Fishers' new album is .............................. their previous one.
Disappointing/ A disappointment in COMPARISON with/to
Anna got the job even though she didn't have much experience in public relations.

SPITE

Anna got the job ........................................... of experience in public relations.
In SPITE of a/her lack
I must warn you how dangerous it is to cycle at night without any lights', said the police officer to Max

DANGERS

Max received a .................................................... at night without any lights from the police officer.
Warning about/regarding/concerning the DANGERS
of/when cycling
I don't have much money, so I probably won't go on holiday this year.

MORE

If....................................., I would go on holiday this year
I had MORE money
She didn't get very good marks in the exam, so she didn't get a scholarship.

BETTER

She would have got a scholarship if ......... marks in the exam
She had got BETTER
We'll have to save up if we want to be able to afford a new car.

UNLESS

We won't be able to afford a new car .................... up.
UNLESS we save up
I can't play the piano very well because I only studied it for a year.

LONGER

Had............... than a year, I would be able to play better.
I studied for LONGER
Buy one, get one free

CAN

If .......................... get one free.
You buy one you CAN
I was born in Australia, so I have to apply for visas for some countries.

NECESSARY

If I hadn't been born in Australia, it ................. for me to apply for visas for some countries.
Wouldn't be NECESSARY
Supposing you saw a friend shoplifting in a supermarket, what would you do?

WERE

If ...................... a friend shoplifting in a supermarket, what would you do?
You WERE to see
Please feel free to contact me if you require any further information.

SHOULD

Please feel free to contact me ........ any further information.
SHOULD you require
I sat down and immediately my mobile started ringing.

SOONER

No ............. my mobile started ringing.
SOONER had I sat down
Sue understood the theory described in the lecture really well.

GOOD

Sue ...................... the theory described in the lecture.
Had a really GOOD understanding
I am embarrassed whenever a friend pays me a compliment.

FIND

I ................................. receive compliments from my friends.
FIND it embarrassing
I was ill, so I couldn't go to the festival.

PREVENTED

Illness .................. to the festival
PREVENTED me from going
The villagers were profoundly suspicious of strangers.

HAD

The villagers .............................. of strangers
HAD a profound suspicion
I regret having quit my job

WISH

I .................. quit my job .
I WISH I hadn't
It really gets on my nerves when my colleague borrows my stapler.

STOP

I wish my colleague .......................... my stapler
Would STOP borrowing
I don't want to hear ever single thing that happened in the meeting.

YOU

I'd rather ............... me every single thing that happened in the meeting.
YOU didn't tell
Things would be so much better if people learnt to be a bit kinder.

ONLY

If ............... to be a bit kinder, things would be so much better.
ONLY people learnt/would learn
I have to spend so long answering emails and I hate it!

WISH

I ..................... to spend so long answering emails.
WISH I didn't have
I should have written long before this and told you about my new job.

HIGH

It's .................... and told you about my new job
HIGH time I wrote
It wasn't necessary for Emma to book her train ticket so far in advance because there were plenty of seats available.

BOOKED

Emma ...................... her ticket so far in advance because there were plenty of seats available.
Needn't have BOOKED
Unfortunately, I didn't have enough money to go travelling with my friends.

WOULD

If I'd had more money, I ................. travelling with my friends.
WOULD have been able to go
Lucy was sorry she hadn't applied for the course in time.

REGRETTED

Lucy ..................... for the course in time.
REGRETTED not applying/ (that) she hadn't applied
I realized I hadn't booked an appointment when I got to the hair salon.

FORGOTTEN

I realized I ........ an appointment when I got the hair salon.
Had FORGOTTEN to make/book
As children, we were forbidden from watching TV until all our homework was done.

ALLOWED

As children, we .............. TV until our homework was done.
Weren't ALLOWED to watch
Kevin thinks it might be a good idea to sell the house.

CONSIDERING

Kevin ................. the house
Is CONSIDERING selling
Some people doubt whether Martin's new business venture will do well.

EXPECTED

Martin's new business venture ...... well by some people
Isn't EXPECTED to do
Unfortunately, I couldn't my brother in Australia as I didn't have enough money.

ABLE

If I had more money, I ................. to visit my brother in Australia.
Would have been ABLE
It's possible that his ambition to be a doctor will fail if he doesn't work hard.

REALISED

His ambition to be a doctor ..................... if he doesn't work hard.
May/Might not be REALISED
Learning to drive is a waste of time unless you already have a car.

POINT

There .............. to drive unless you already have a car.
Is no POINT (in) learning
The sales director thinks it might be a good idea to take on new sales staff.

CONSIDERING

The sales director ............. new sales staff.
Is CONSIDERING taking on
My parent wouldn't allow me to go the party.

PREVENTED

My parents ................... to the party
PREVENTED me from going
We really must learn to use less water

VITAL

It is .................... to use less water
VITAL that we learn
Elder people sometimes deeply mistrust technology.

HAVE

Elderly people sometimes ............... technology
HAVE a deep mistrust of
The council are the ones that should do something about graffiti

THAT

It's ................... something about graffiti
The council THAT should do
Very few people make an effort to recycle their rubbish, which I find astonishing.

HOW

It's ............... make an effort to recycle their rubbish.
Astonishing HOW few people
Adults behaving like teenagers really embarrass me.

FIND

I ...... when adults behave like teenagers
FIND it embarrassing
He knows a lot of colloquial English.

EXCELLENT

He .................. of colloquial English.
Has an EXCELLENT knowledge
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