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44 terms

OB review

STUDY
PLAY
Study of inheritance of diseases in families
Medical genetics
Normal karotypes
46 chromosomes
How many of the 46 chromosomes come from the mother
23 & 23 from father
XX is ? Gender
Girl
A boy gender fetus is represented by ? Symbol
XY
Major congenital anomalies occur in ? Births
3/100 or 3%
X-linked affects ?
Boys
Multifactorial cause is interaction of ? Factors
Environmental
Abnormal number of karotypes is known as
Aneuploidy
Advanced maternal age is
35 years old or older
We are made of ? Autosomes
22
We are made of ? Sex chromosomes
1 pair
Generic causes of chromosomal disorders (5)
Dominant, recessive, mosaicism, multifactoral, x-linked
Aneuploidy results in ?
Anomaly
Functioning endometrial tissue outside the uterus
Endometriosis
Endometrioma can also be referred to as ?
Sampson's cyst, chocolate cyst
An IUD prevents ?
Implantation
An IUD causes an ? Reaction within the ?
Inflammatory, endometrium
If implantation with an IUD occurs, ? Is the result
Possible misscarriage
Most common IUD today
Morena
IUD is placed in the ? Of the ?
Fundal, endometrium
Misplaced IUDs cause cause (3)
Expulsion, cramping, bleeding
People with ? Uteri are at greater risk of IUD perforation
Retroflexed, retroverted
If an IUD is not visualized at all sonographically, a ? May be performed to locate the device bc of possible perforation through the ? & now located amongst the ?
CT/ X Ray
Serosa
Peritoneal cavity
Perforation most commonly occurs ?
Time of insertion
Eccentric positioning of an IUD may suggest
Partial perforation into myometrium
Associated complication of an IUD
PID, spontaneous AB
If conception & implantation occur with an IUD, it is generally removed during ? Trimester
First
Another word for PID (2)
Infection, sepsis
Sonographically, the IUD appears ? WIthin the ?
Highly echogenic
Linear
Endometrium
? Will occur when the sound beams are perpendicular to the IUD
Posterior shadowing
The greatest risk of ectopic pregnancy is ? With an IUD ?
Immediately after removal
Dizygotic twins must have ? Placenta(s)
2
Best view to see the nose & lips
Modified coronal
When does the fetal face form
4-8 gestational weeks
? Plays an important factor in the latter stages of facial anomaly development
Environmental exposure
Facial anomalies are most often associated with ? anomaly
Holoprosencephaly
Theface should be examined in ? Different planes
3
The transverse view of the face examines?
Intraorbital distances
The sagittal view demonstrates the ? of the face
Profile, nasal bone
Most common congenital facial deformity at birth
Cleft lip & palate
Most common cleft
Paramedial
Facial anomaly etiology is usually ?
Idiopathic
Cleft ? Is detectable before cleft?
Lip, palate