Chapter 9 (US History)
Terms in this set (43)
movement that wanted economic opportunities and correct in justice
journalist who wrote about corrupt sides of businesses and the public lives in magazines (early 20th century)
women's right to vote
Susan B. Anthony
a main supporter of woman suffrage
president in the early 1900's (youngest president at that time)
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People; aimed for equality in races
head of the U.S. Forest Service; believed that wilderness areas could be managed for public enjoyment and allow for private development
reformer governor of NJ who ran for presidency on behalf of the Bull Moose Party
Clayton Antitrust Act
1914; aimed to strengthen the Sherman Antitrust Act (1890) prohibited corporations to acquire stock from another
Federal Reserve System
banking system; 70% of nations banking resources
Carrie Chapman Catt
NAWSA (National American Woman Suffrage Association) president in 1916
granted women to vote, 1919
British suffragette who helped find Nation Women's Social and Political Unions
William Howard Taft
chosen by Teddy Roosevelt to be secretary of war and run against William Jennings Bryan
Bull Moose Party
progressive party; believed in direct election of senators, adoption in all sates, referendum, and recall
compromise that only moderated the high rates of Aldrich Bill
Ida M. Tarbell
a writer who wrote about Rockefeller's monopoly which lead to adding force on anti trustbusting reforms
Upton Sinclair / "The Jungle"
muckraking journalist who wrote "The Jungle" which talked about work conditions in stockyards
used by Teddy Roosevelt's administration to sponsor many progressive reforms
Pure Food & Drug Act
stopped the selling of contaminated food ad medicine and truth in labeling
What were the four goals that various progressive reform movements struggled to achieve?
1.protecting social welfare
2. promoting moral improvement
3. creating economic reforms
4. fostering efficiency.
What kind of state labor laws resulted from progressives' lobbying to protect workers?
laws that protected children and limiting working hours; -for the children was the Keating-Owen Act (1916)
-for working hours; cases: Muller v. Oregon and Bunting v. Oregon
-passed legislations to provide family aid if the workers got injured or died on the job.
How did government change during the Progressive Era? How were these changes important?
17th amendment; allowed for people to vote for their senators rather than the senators being chosen by favoritism
In the late 1890s, what job opportunities were available to uneducated women without industrial skills?
farm women; raise livestock, help plow, plant, and harvest crops.
Give two examples of national women's organizations committed to social activism. Briefly describe their progressive missions.
furthering their education and women making organizations to get what they deserve; education: women began going to college, lead to the establishment of Smith college (founded by a woman, Sophia Smith). NACW (National Association of Colored Women) and NAWSA (National Association of Woman Suffrage Association) joined together since they had similar issues, made them a bigger group that, began to scared men, seeing they could make a difference; goal was to get women to vote
What scandalous practices did Upton Sinclair expose in his novel, The Jungle?
Upton Sinclair exposed the terrible conditions of stockyards in his novel, The Jungle. It shocked people by revealing the conditions of the meatpacking industry.
How did the American public, Roosevelt, and Congress respond?
-public = mortified
-Roosevelt = took a stand
-Congress = passed the Meat Inspection Act;
allowed for cleaner conditions that was required by the law.
How did Roosevelt earn his reputation as a trustbuster?
wanted to stop bad trusts; administration came up with 44 cases (winning many), breaking the trusts, and claiming his position as a "trustbuster"
As a progressive, how did Taft compare with Roosevelt?
Taft expanding on reforms, aimed to make the progressive agenda stronger, busted 90 trusts and signed the Payne Aldrich Tariff.
Why did the Republican Party split during Taft's administration?
Taft wanted to replace Roosevelt's delegates with his own, resulted in them refusing to vote, made a third party, the Bull Moose Party.
How did the Clayton Antitrust Act benefit labor?
enhance the Sherman Antitrust act; prohibiting corporations to acquire stock from others and be more strict (If people were caught going against the laws they would have to face the consequences of being prosecuted)
Cite two examples of social welfare legislation that Wilson opposed during his presidency and the arguments he used to defend his position.
opposed federal antilynching legislations and appointed people to extend segregation; defends himself that fixing them was a crime that fell under the state's jurisdiction.
ROOSEVELT vs Wilson (Square Deal)
-allowed for people to sponsor progressive problems
-wanted to help women and children with their working conditions
Roosevelt vs WILSON (New Freedom)
-promised antilynching and did not deliver
-was for segregation between blacks and whites
-was supporting the women
Square Deal and New Freedom (Same)
-went back on civil rights
Progressivism in: 1913
Progressivism in: 1914
Clayton Antitrust Act and Federal Trade Commission
Progressivism in: 1915
Carrie Chapman Catt resumed her presidency
Progressivism in: 1916
Emergency suffrage convention
Most important year of Progressivism
1915; as Catt resumed her presidency. Wilson supported them and because of the support and her tactics for the party, by 1917 they were going ahead with their plans. They were pressuring the federal government and protesting at any cost to get what they wanted by 1919-1920 the 19th amendment was passed and women were able to vote.
What women and movements during the Progressive Era helped dispel the stereotype that women were submissive and nonpolitical?
Susan B. Anthony and Emmeline Pankhurst; willing to get arrested and stand up for what they believe in, proved to be nonpolitical:
-they were trying to get the right to vote, showing they have a stance on government issues
-they were welcoming to the NACW even though they were black women.
Why do you think some colleges refused to accept women in the late 19th century?
colleges were scared of what would happen if the group got stronger; liquor companies were scared women would pass prohibition, other were afraid that they would have power in general because they can affect governmental decisions
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