security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
clerk of court
an officer appointed by the court to work with cheif judge in overseeing the court's adminisration, especially to assist in managing the flow of casses through the court and to maintain court records.
an oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
statements by a witness who did not see or hear the incident in question but heard about it from someone else.hearsay is usually not admissible as evidence in court.
the disputed point in a disagreement between parties in a lawsuit. to send out officialy, as in to issue an order.
an invalid trial, caused by fundamental error. when a mistrial is declared the trial must start againfrom the selection of the jury,
the rules for the conduct of a lawsuit; there are rules of civil, criminal, evidence, bankruptcy, and appellate procedure.
screen applicants for pretrial release and monitor convicted offenders released under court supervision.
a lawyer appointed by the president in each judicial district to prosecute and defend cases for the federal governemnt.
in the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
a proceeding in which an individual who is accused of commiting a crime is brought into court, told of the charges, and asked to plead guilty or not guilty.
a person who makes a word for word record of what is said in court and produces a transcript of the proceedings upon request.
information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
a writ that is usually used to bring a prisoner before the court to determine the legality of his imprisonment,it may be also used to bring a person into custody before the court to give a testimony or to be prosecuted.
the legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. the area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
a legal action started by a plaintiff against a defendant based on a complaint that the defendant failed to preform a legal duty, resulting in harm to the plaintiff.
usually a petty offense, a less seirous crime than a feloney, punishable by less then a year of confinement.
petite jury(trial jury)
a group of citizens who hear the evidence presented by both sides at trial and determine the facts in dispute. federal criminal juries consist of 12 persons. federal civil juries consist of 6 persons.
a sentencing alternitive to imprisonment in which the court realeases convicted defendanta under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
public defender(defense attorney)
representa defendants who can't afford an attorney in criminal matters.