chapter 10 supplemental

economic geography
studies the impact of economic activities on the landscape and investigates reasons behind the locations of economic activities
economic development
the process of improving the material conditions of people through diffusion of knowledge and technology
more developed countries
have experienced industrialization
less developed countries
have not experiences industrialization
newly-industrializing countries
sub-category of LDC
compressed modernity
rapid economic and political change that transformed the country into a stable nation with democratizing political institutions, a growing economy, and an expanding web of nongovernmental institutions
capitalist world economy
a global economic system that is based on high-income nations with market economies
Human development index
created by the United Nation; recognizes that a country's development is a factor of economic, social, and demographic factors
Gender-Related Development Index
compares the level of development of women with both sexes
Gender Empowerment Measure
compares that ability of women and men to participate in economic and political decision making
Foreign direct investment
investment made by foreign company in the economy of another country
transnational corporation
: invest and operates in countries other than the one in which its headquarters are located
fair trade
products are made and traded according to standards that protect workers and small businesses in LDCs
purchasing power parity
what money actually buys within different countries
sustainable development
an attempt to address the issues of social welfare and environmental protection within the context of capitalism and economic growth