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increase in sweetness
Milk that has been treated with a commercially available lactase preparation undergoes which of the following changes?
cellulose bonds are not hydrolyzed by human enzymes
Which of the following is an example of the difference between the chemical bonds in starch and those in cellulose?
an example of a non polysaccharide fiber is hemicellulose
Which of the following statements is NOT characteristic of fibers?
Which of the following plays a major role in the breakdown of certain types of dietary fiber in the large intestine?
classified according to solubility in water
Which of the following is a characteristic of dietary fibers?
neither has an appreciable effect on glucose absorption
With few exceptions, all of the following characteristics are shared by water-soluble and water-insoluble fibers except?
it is classified as a fiber
Characteristics of dietary physic acid include all of the following except?
Which of the following would least likely be connected with the development of lactose intolerance?
declines by 90-95%
For most of the world's population, what is the effect of aging on the activity of lactase?
a change occurs in the GI bacteria
What is the chief reason that many people with lactose intolerance can consume foods containing some lactose without suffering any symptoms?
more lactose is removed during manufacturing
Why are hard cheeses lower in lactose than soft cheeses?
Which of the following ingredients listed on food labels would be acceptable to the person who is highly intolerant to lactose in the diet?
What is the minimum daily amount of dietary carb necessary to spare body protein from excessive breakdown?
BG rises, pancreas release insulin, BG levels decline, releases glucagon, stimulates liver to break down glycogen and release glucose, BG rises
Which of the following series of events proceeds upon digestion/absorption of the meal until it is near time for lunch?
When blood glucose concentration falls, what pancreatic hormone is secreted to stimulate release of stored glucose?
BG levels that fall too low signal the release of glucagon
Which of the following is a typical response of the body to changes in blood glucose?
When you are under physical stress, what hormone is released quickly to stimulate an increase in BG concentration?
Person eating lots of white bread, white rice and ready-to-eat cereals would have a diet with a glycemic index of?
occurs rarely in otherwise healthy people
Which of the following is a feature of the condition hypoglycemia?
should focus on total carb intake rather than type consumed
Which of the following is a feature of diabetes?
What term describes how quickly glucose is absorbed from a food after ingestion, how high blood glucose rises as a result, and how quickly it returns to normal?
both benefit from fiber-rich foods and consumption of smaller, more frequent meals
Which of the following are characteristic of the conditions diabetes and hypoglycemia?
Type 1 Diabetes
Jimmy gives himself shots in the thigh but craves candy. His parents said that he can only eat SF snacks. Which conditions does Jimmy most likely suffer from?
way of ranking foods according to potential to increase BG
Which of the following statements describes the glycemic index of foods?
In a person with type 2, which of the following would ordinarily promote the least favorable glycemic index?
What is the name of the sweetener consisting of a mixture of glucose and fructose formed by chemical hydrolysis of sucrose?
eat a sugary snack all at one time rather than in parts throughout the day
Which will help reduce the incidence of dental caries when the diet contains sugary foods?
eating sugary dessert at the beginning of a meal, rather than the end, is less likely to promote dental caries
Which describes a relationship between carb intake and dental health?
3 slices of whole wheat bread
Although each portion provides about 200 kcalories, which is most nutrient dense?
10 tsp brown sugar
Which is closest to the discretionary kcalories allowed in the USDA food guide for added sugars in your diet?
What is the maximum percentage of total energy intake that added sugar should contribute in the diet?
provide 1/2 the energy of carbs plus small amounts of vitamins and minerals
All of the following are features of artificial sweeteners except?
All of the following components are part of the chemical structure of aspartame except?
Which is NOT a classification for the food additives mannitol, sorbitol and xylitol?
cannot be metabolized by cariogenic bacteria
Which is a general feature of the sugar alcohols (sugar replacers)?
high fiber intake
Which is known to correlate most strongly with reduced risk of deaths form heart disease?
Modifying a diet that by substituting complex carbs for pure sugars results in a diet higher in?
may reduce risk of lung cancer but increase risk of breast cancer
All are characteristics of a high-fiber diet except?
According to most dietary guidelines, what percentage of the day's total energy intake should be carbs?
1 cup baked beans, 1 apple, 1 banana, 1.5 oatmeal, 1 ounce bran cereal and .5 chopped raw carrots
Allen's need for a fiber-rich diet.
total weight loss after 1 year is same as in people on conventional diets
Which is a typical response in people following a low-carb diet?
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