Desktop Operating Systems Chapter 4
Terms in this set (52)
Windows 32 bit minimum processor
Windows 32 bit minimum system memory
Windows 32 bit minimum HDD
Windows 64bit minimum processor
Windows 64 bit minimum system memory
Windows 64 bit minimum HDD
Windows 7 Ultimate
Any version of windows can be upgraded to this addition
An installation of an OS that installs directly into the folders in which a previous version of was installed, preserving all your preferences and data.
An installation that leaves an old OS in place, installing a new OS in a separate location. This allows you to select the OS you want to boot into every time you start the computer.
An installation of an OS onto a completely empty hard disk or one from which all data is removed during the installation.
An exact duplicate of the entire hard drive contents, including the OS and all installed software, that is used to install copies of an OS and associated applications on multiple computers.
I inform Microsoft who the official owner or user of the product and provide contact information
A method of combating software piracy. intended to ensure that each software license used solely on a single computer. Must be done within 30 days
A Windows program that can automatically connect to the Microsoft site and download and install updates.
A compatibility checker that you can run from the Microsoft website and run before upgrading to a new version of Windows.
Windows Easy Transfer (WET)
A utility that will transfer your data, email, and settings for the Windows desktop and your applications from an old installation of Windows to Windows 7.
Windows Pre-installation Environment (Windows PE)
E) A scaled-down Windows operating system. Much like the old Windows Setup program, it has limited drivers for basic hardware and support for the NTFS file system, TCP/IP, certain chipsets, mass storage devices, and 32-bit and 64-bit programs. Windows PE supports the Windows Setup GUI, collecting configuration information.
If all computers on this network are at your home, and you recognize them, this is a trusted home network
If all the computer on this network are at your workplace, and you recognize them, this is a trusted work network
If you don't recognize all the computers on the network, this is a public network.
Post-Installation Tasks #1
Install Security Software
Post-Installation Tasks #2
Microsoft Security Essentials (MSE)
A free security app from Microsoft includes general malware protection and free, automated updates. Available for Windows Vista and Windows 7 at www.Microsoft.com/security_essentials. MSE was replaced in Windows 8 by Windows Defender.
An icon that represents a link to an object, such as a file or program. Activating a shortcut (by clicking on it) is a quick way to access an object or to start a program from any location without having to find the actual location of the object on your computer.
Microsoft's name for a group of GUI desktop features and visual themes introduced in Windows Vista.
In Windows, a list of recently opened items such as files, folders, and websites that appear when you right-click on a program on the Start menu or taskbar.
A feature introduced in Windows 7 that allows you to place icons for applications and destinations on the taskbar and Start menu. Once pinned, an item's icon remains on the toolbar regardless of whether the program is open or closed. The user clicks it to open the application or destination.
holds status indicators and pop-up menus tor a variety of devices and programs installed on your computer.
A Windows feature, represented by the small flag icon on the right of the toolbar; it will briefly display a message balloon when there is a problem with security programs or backup.
A feature introduced in Windows 7, in which a library is a special folder with pointers to disk folders that can be in many locations, but will all appear to be in the same library.
FAT File System
Several related file systems based on the original FAT file system. They include FAT12, FAT16, FAT32, and exFAT. Each has a logical structure that includes a file allocation table (FAT) and a directory Structure.
The preferred Windows file system that is expandable and uses a transaction processing system to track changes to files, so that it can roll back incomplete transactions. It also includes several other features: file compression, file encryption, file and folder security, and indexing.
A feature in the Enterprise and Ultimate editions of Windows Vista and Windows 7 for encrypting the drive on which the Windows OS resides and (in Windows 7 and continuing in Windows 8) other drives beyond the system drive. BitLocker is off by default. BitLocker works with a Trusted Platform Module chip in the computer so that if the drive is removed, it cannot be decrypted.
BitLocker To Go
An enhanced feature in Windows 7 and Windows 8 BitLocker that includes encryption of removable devices.
A new feature in Windows 7 for controlling which applications each user can run, reducing the chance of malware running on the user's computer. Administer AppLocker with Group Policy, centrally managed through a Windows Active Directory domain.
' A free built-in antispyware product now integrated into the Windows 7 Action Center where you can configure spyware scanning and updates. In Widows 8, this is an improved product with added capabilities that make it a multifunction security program. (4)
A program for removing errant programs. This Windows utility allows you to see the state of the individual processes and programs running on the computer and to stop one of them, if necessary.
Scan for problems with missing or damaged system files and attempt to replace the problem files.
A recovery tool that creates restore points, which are snapshots of Windows, it's configuration, and all installed program. If your computer has nonfatal problems after you have made a change, you can use System restore to roll it back to a restore point.
System Image Recovery
A Windows recovery tool that will let you restore a complete PC image backup, provided you create one.
Windows Memory Diagnostic Tool
Tests the system's RAM, because RAM problems can keep Windows from starting up normally.
A small program represented by an icon on the Windows Vista slide bar, or, in Windows 7, anywhere on the desktop. A gadget performs some small function—usually involving keeping information handy in a small screen object.
In Windows, a set of special folders saved on disk for each user who logs on.
The primary tool for copying, moving, renaming, and deleting files in Windows.
Removing Applications #1
Look for the uninstall program in a sub folder of the application on the start menu
Removing Applications #2
Look for the uninstall program in the application folder inside the Program Files Folder.
Removing Applications #3
Use the uninstall in control panel
When burning a disc in Windows this option allows you to use the burned CD or DVD in a conventional CD or DVD player or in any computer (older Apple Macs or PCs). The downside is that each item you select to copy to the PC is stored temporarily in available hard disk space (in addition to the space used by the original file) and then all files are copied in one operation.
Live File System
A file format used by Windows 7 to burn discs that will only be used on newer Apple Macs and newer PCs (Windows XP or newer OS). Using Live File System you can directly copy items to the drive without requiring extra hard drive space. You can copy items individually, over time—either by leaving the disc in the drive or reinserting the disc multiple times.
User Account Control (UAC)
A security feature that prevents unauthorized changes to Windows. A user logged on with a privileged account with administrative rights only has the privileges of a standard account until the user (or a malicious program) attempts to do something that requires higher privileges.
Access Control List (ACL)
A table of users and/or groups and their permissions to access the file or folder associated with the ACL.
Access Control Entry (ACE)
An entry in an Access Control List, containing just one user or group account name and the permissions assigned to this account for that file or folder.
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