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27 terms

Modern World Lit Test 1

STUDY
PLAY
Utopia
edenic settings, no society, usually fail as being perfect is not human
Characteristics of Early Utopias
1. Hierarchy: lead and follow
2. Eugenics: eliminate the imperfections of humans
3. Political Repression
Techno-Fascism
termed in the 1920's, creates a "control" over people, using media to control others
Anti-Intellectualism
distrust and hostility toward well educated intellectuals and education, philosophy, art and ideas
claim selves to be champions of common people ("I'm like you")
used by Nazis, Communism (book burning)
Freud structural model of the human psyche
Id, Ego, and Superego
Id
selfish, subconscious, basic needs (ex. baby)
Ego
rational, subconscious
Superego
morality, conscience
Social Conflict Theory
Marxist-based social theory which argues that individuals and groups within society are wealthy or poor, and that the more powerful groups use their power in order to exploit the groups with less power
Jorge Luis Borges
wrote his first story at age 9, started as a poet
Jorge Luis Borges Influences
Arthur Riboud: Symbolist Poetry, writing abstract with no logic or answers
Walt Whitman: Anti-Newtonian Writing, used science to prove things in place of God
William Blake
Philosophy: reading, focused on human being beyond physical
Jorge Luis Borges Worldview
rejected Communism, Fascism and Capitalism
Jorge Luis Borges Traits of Writing
Meta-Physical (beyond physical human)
Ultralistic: pure poetry, no form
Meta-Fiction: aware of itself as fiction
Pace/Time/Existence
Labyrinths
Magical Realism
literary technique intermixing supernatural events into a normal or ordinary story
done by many African-American writers
Vietnam War
last draft, but can be deferred by school
Vietnam colonized by England, France and Spain
beginning it was North vs. South, North was an ally of America, South was Communist, insurgency, Vietcong (VC) who were not military
5 Traditional Types of War Stories
1. Battle as Initiation: becoming a man
2. Platoon (collective)
3. Heroism
4. Test of Courage
5. Return to Civilian Life
Kronos
Titan, prophecy said one of his children would take his power, so he ate them, until Ria, his wife, hid Zeus, who eventually jumped out from behind a rock and castrated Kronos, releasing his siblings
Karl Jung says parents want to control their offspring because they are a replica of self
Aristophanes
"The Clouds"
one of the first pieces of fictional Utopia
highlighted corruption of Athens by comparing it to a Utopian city floating in the clouds
Plato
believed Utopian Society needed some means of regulation
for example, no marriage
5th Century BC
writing about Utopias promoted ethics and was entertainment
Sir Thomas More
created an optimistic and idealistic Utopian idea
Johnathan Smith
created a satiric "negative utopia" (dystopia) to show his opinions of England
wrote Gulliver's Travels
Dystopia
a bad society, one worse than our own
Rosseau
literature of escape, that humans are truly free, but we bind ourselves with social mores
HG Wells
optimistic Utopias, progress through science
War of the Worlds, for example
Aldous Huxley
Brave New World, political text dealing with moral issues
Golding
Lord of the Flies, criticize human institutions and human nature