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Characteristics of Early Utopias
1. Hierarchy: lead and follow
2. Eugenics: eliminate the imperfections of humans
3. Political Repression
distrust and hostility toward well educated intellectuals and education, philosophy, art and ideas
claim selves to be champions of common people ("I'm like you")
used by Nazis, Communism (book burning)
Social Conflict Theory
Marxist-based social theory which argues that individuals and groups within society are wealthy or poor, and that the more powerful groups use their power in order to exploit the groups with less power
Jorge Luis Borges Influences
Arthur Riboud: Symbolist Poetry, writing abstract with no logic or answers
Walt Whitman: Anti-Newtonian Writing, used science to prove things in place of God
Philosophy: reading, focused on human being beyond physical
Jorge Luis Borges Traits of Writing
Meta-Physical (beyond physical human)
Ultralistic: pure poetry, no form
Meta-Fiction: aware of itself as fiction
literary technique intermixing supernatural events into a normal or ordinary story
done by many African-American writers
last draft, but can be deferred by school
Vietnam colonized by England, France and Spain
beginning it was North vs. South, North was an ally of America, South was Communist, insurgency, Vietcong (VC) who were not military
5 Traditional Types of War Stories
1. Battle as Initiation: becoming a man
2. Platoon (collective)
4. Test of Courage
5. Return to Civilian Life
Titan, prophecy said one of his children would take his power, so he ate them, until Ria, his wife, hid Zeus, who eventually jumped out from behind a rock and castrated Kronos, releasing his siblings
Karl Jung says parents want to control their offspring because they are a replica of self
one of the first pieces of fictional Utopia
highlighted corruption of Athens by comparing it to a Utopian city floating in the clouds
created a satiric "negative utopia" (dystopia) to show his opinions of England
wrote Gulliver's Travels
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