75 terms

Rucker 27 Amendments

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Article V of the Constitution
This is the article in the consitution that spells out the ways that the consitution can be amended. All of the 27 amendments were proposed by a 2/3 vote of both houses of congress.
Supreme Court
The __________ __________ is the highest court. It hears mostly appellate jurisdiction. You can appeal to this court if your,case raises a federal issue.
Precedent
this is a principal established in a previous case that is used to decide the ruling in a similar case
James Madison
A Virginia planter who is Known as the 'father of the constitution' because he was the author of the basic plan of government that the convention adopted
Federalists
_______ are people who are in favor of the constitution
Federalists Papers
These are a series of essays written by John Jay, Alexander Hamilton, and James Madison, in order to benefit the federalist cause. "The Federalist" purpose was to get more people to approve of the new constitution, however the essays did show all sides of the conflict of the convention, but its main goal was to get citizens to ratify the constitution.
Anti-Federalists
These are people who opposed the constitution because it lacked a bill of rights
Bill of Rights
A _______ ____ ________ is a list of rights that are given to the people for protection against the governments this is the first 10 amendments to our U.S. Constitution. RATIFIED IN 1791
Ratification
Process by which something is approved
First Amendment
What amendment states 1) freedom of religion 2) freedom of speech 3) freedom of the press 4) right to petition the government, and 5) the freedom of assembly
Prior restraint
Stopping a newspaper from publishing something
Virginia Statue for Religious Freedom
a law passed in 1786 that served as a model for the first amendment, and was drafted by Thomas Jefferson. This law created a clear separation between the churches and state government. TJ's method stated that taxes paid by everyday citizens WOULD NOT go to religious acts, but to more general things. This creates a separation from the church and states
Establishment clause
What is the name in which the government cannot establish one religion over the other?
Free exercise clause
this is a CLAUSE that states that you can freely exercise any religion without fear of being punished by the government
Second Amendment
What amendment protects the rights for states to maintain a militia and the right of the people to bear arms?
Third amendment
What amendment prohibits soldiers from residing in people's homes in times of peace, without the owners permission?
Quarter
To provide living accommodations
Fourth Amendment
protects people's rights of not being searched or seizure without a good reason/or a warrant. This comes from colonists who used to be searched whenever without a search warrant and that cannot be violated unless upon probable cause
Search warrant
A ________ ________ is a warrant that judges grant police officers to search and find someone who is suspected of committing a crime. What amendment does this appear in?
Probable cause
Reasonable opinion, provable by facts that a crime has been committed. Law enforcement must have ______ _______ which is reliable information that a crime has been committed or that a crime is about to be committed? What amendment does this appear in?
Exclusionary rule
When an illegal search has taken place, no evidence found would be used against the person who was searched
5th Amendment
What amendment protects people's right to 1) right to a grand jury 2) right against self incrimination- which is "taking the fifth" exercising the Right against self incrimination 3) right against double jeopardy 4) due process of law - procedural safeguards that must be followed before you can be deprived of your natural rights 5) eminent domain - takings clause - the government cannot take property and use it for public purposes without paying the owner.
Due process of law & 5th amendment
What is the process that states that citizens cannot be deprived of their life Liberty and property without the ______ __________ ______ _______. What amendment does this appear in?
Double jeopardy & 5th amendment
This is being tried twice for the same exact crime--this CANNOT HAPPEN What amendment does this appear in?
Eminent domain & 5th amendment
Also known as the takings clause. This states that the government cannot take your property and use it for the public unless they pay you What amendment does this appear in?
Sixth Amendment
What is the amendment that talks about the Rights of the accused? 1) right to a speedy and public trial 2) right to a jury trial in the same place In which the crime was committed 3) right to be informed of all charges 4) right to confront accusers in court 5) right to produce supporting evidence or witnesses 6) right to an attorney
Speedy trial & 6th amendment
What is the name given to a trial that is Speedy, and happens within 30-45 days. You are given the right to a speedy trail in what amendment?
Seventh Amendment
Guarantees a jury trial in federal civil court cases. What amendment?
Jury trial & 7th amendment
What is a trial that is held by a jury of common people? What amendment are you given the right to a jury trial?
Eighth Amendment
What amendment states that no excessive bail can be posted, and no cruel and unusual punishment can be given to the criminals.
Bail & 8th amendment
________ is the money or property given up, to be released from jail. What amendment states that no excessive bail shall be posted?
Ninth Amendment
What amendment mentions individuals rights. The right to travel, privacy, right to an abortion-- INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS.
Tenth amendment
What is the amendment that has the reserved clause--- States that powers not given to the national government are reserved for the state governments
Eleventh Amendment
What amendment says that a resident from one state CANNOT sue another state in federal courts.
Twelfth Amendment
What amendment provides a new way of electing the president and Vice President--- comes up with a plan of casting two separate ballots for the president and vice present.
Thirteenth Amendment
What amendment prohibits slavery or involuntary reviewed in the United States? This amendment was passed after the conflict of slavery. Often called the civil war amendment
Fourteenth Amendment
What amendment states the ways of becoming a U.S. Citizen? Section one of this amendment states that no state can pass a law that abridges the privileges of the citizens, no state can take away a citizens life Liberty or property, and lastly, no state can deny a person within its jurisdiction, equal protections of the law
Fifteenth Amendment
What amendment was Africans Americans males given the right to vote? This amendment was ratified following the civil war
Sixteenth Amendment
What amendment states that congress has the power to lay and collect taxes on incomes. The IRS is in charge of this.
Personal income tax & The IRS
What is the term for the taxes you pay to the government to pay for government services. Who is in charge of overseeing this?
Seventeenth Amendment
What amendment is senators being elected mentioned in? Today, senators are elected by the people rather than the legislatures. If a senator resigns or dies in office, the executive of the state must issue writs of election, to fill the empty seats.
Eighteenth Amendment
What amendment prohibited the production, sale, or transportation of alcoholic beverages in the U.S. This amendment was later repealed by the 21st amendment. prohibition was a nationwide constructional ban on the sale, Production, importation, and transportation of alcoholic beverages. This lasted 13 years.
Prohibition
What was the nationwide constructional ban on the sale, Production, importation, and transportation of alcoholic beverages. This lasted 13 years.
Nineteenth Amendment
What amendment were women given suffrage rights in? This amendment was ratified on August 18, 1920,and this amendment is often called pro-suffrage.
Suffrage
What is the right to vote in political elections?
Twentieth Amendment
Amendment that sets new dates for congress to begin its term, talks about when the president is inaugurated & when the congressional session begins
Lame duck
What is a term used for a politician who is approaching the end of his term, and a new successor has been chosen. (Barack Obama)
Twenty-first Amendment
What amendment allows the sale and consumption of alcohol in the United States? This amendment repealed the 18th amendment .This amendment was ratified by the conventions.
Repeal & 18th amendment
What is To take back a law, to revoke It. What amendment was the only amendment to be repealed?
Twenty-Second Amendment
This amendment states the amount of times a president can be re-elected.
Twenty-Third Amendment
What amendment gives Washington DC 3 electoral votes?
3 electoral votes
How many electoral votes is washing dc given?
Twenty-Fourth Amendment
This amendment abolishes poll tax, and makes it illegal.
Poll tax
What was a tax paid to allow a person to vote. This was common in the southern states mostly because they had slaves, and didn't want them to vote. This is illegal because the Supreme Court declared it unconstitutional. They declared it this because it goes against the protections clause stated in the 14th Amendment.
Twenty-Fifth Amendment
What amendment discusses the situation where if a president dies or resigns, the Vice President takes over? According to section 2, if there is a vacancy of the Vice-President, the president nominates a Vice-President, who is then confirmed by a majority vote in congress.
Twenty-Sixth Amendment
What amendment guarantees the right to vote to all citizens who are 18 years or older.
Twenty-Seventh Amendment
What amendment was first proposed on September 25, 1789 but not ratified until May 7th, 1992? This amendment states that a member of congress cannot increase their salary in the middle of the congressional term. They can only ask to raise their salary before the term begins.
2 terms
How many terms can someone be the president of the United States for?
Freedom of religion 1st amendment
The freedom to practice any religion is In what amendment?
Freedom of speech 1st amendment
The freedom that allows you to say what you want to say, unless it harms others . What amendment is this in?
Freedom of the press 1st amendment
The freedom to express something without the government's restraint. what amendment is this in?
Right to petition the government 1st amendment
The freedom to formally request or add or change anything in the government. What amendment is this in?
Freedom of assembly 1st amendment
The right to petition and peacefully assemble into groups. What amendment is this in?
January 20th at noon
The president is inaugurated when?
January 3rd at noon
When does the congressional session begin?
Right against self incrimination 5th amendment
"Taking the fifth" exercising the right against _______ _______
What amendment is this in?
Right against double jeopardy 5th amendment
Being tried more than once for the same exact crime, what amendment is this in?
Due process of law 5th amendment
Procedural safeguards that must be followed before you can be deprived of your natural rights. What amendment is this in?
Eminent domain 5th amendment
(Takings clause) the government can't take property and use it for public purposes without paying the owner ... What amendment is this in?
Prohibition
_________ was a nationwide constructional ban on the sale, Production, importation, and transportation of alcoholic beverages. This lasted 13 years.
Susan B. Anthony Amendment
What was the 19th Amendment also known as?
5th amendment and 14th amendment
Due process of law appears two times in the amendments. What are the two locations in which due process is mentioned?
They are elected by direct election & the 17th amendment
How are senators elected today? And what amendment does this appear in?
Today, senators are elected by the people rather than the legislatures. If a senator resigns or dies in office, the executive of the state must issue writs of election, to fill the empty seats.
How are senators elected today? What amendment comes up with this new system?
Reserved clause is powers not given to the national government are reserved for state governments. & 10th amendment
What is the reserved clause? What amendment does it appear in?