26 terms

9.1- The Origins of Progressivism

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Middle Class
What type of reformers addressed the problems of the 1890s?
Progressive Movement
A social reform movement in the early 20th century, which sought to return control of the government to the people, restore economic opportunities, and to correct injustices in Americans life.
Four Goals of Progressivism
Protecting Social Welfare
Promoting Moral Improvement
Creating Economic Reform
Fostering Efficiency
Protecting Social Welfare
The Social Gospel and settlement house movements of the late 1800s, which aimed to help the poor through community centers, churches, and social services, continued during the Progressive Era and inspired even more reform activities. The Salvation Army fed poor people in soup kitchens, cared for children in nurseries, and sent "slum brigades" to instruct poor immigrants in middle-class values of hard work and temperance( refraining from alcohol).
Young Men's Christian Association (YMCA)
Offered services of libraries, classes, and swimming pools and also inspired other reform organizations.
Florence Kelly
A political activist, advocated for better conditions and more rights for women & children. She helped pass a law prohibiting child labor and limiting women's hours (Illinois Factory Act).
Promoting Moral Improvement
Programs such as prohibition through the 18th Amendment, promoted moral improvement.
Prohibition
Banning of the manufacturing, sale and possession of alcoholic drinks.
Women's Christian Temperance Union (WCTU)
Led the fight for prohibition. Singing and Praying for saloon keepers to stop selling alcohol.
Temperance
The refraining from Alcohol consumption.
Anti Saloon League
Wanted laws passed to reinforce temperance.
Creating Economic Reform
Muckrakers would write about corruption in businesses, showing the common people what needs to change.
Muckrakers
Journalist who exposed corruption in politics and business during the early 20th century.
Fostering Efficiency
Goal of Progressivism focused on using scientific principles to make society and the workplace more efficient.
Louis D Brandeis
Used social scientists' data in a trial of long working hours.
Frederick Winslow Taylor "Taylorism"
Sought to create efficiency by dividing tasks and work into simpler tasks.
Scientific Management
Time and motion studies applied to workplace.
Carry Nation
Member of the Anti-Saloon League, who scolded customers and used her hatchet to destroy bottles of liquor.
18th Amendment
Prohibited the manufacture, sale, and distribution of alcoholic beverages
21st Amendment
Amendment which ended the Prohibition of alcohol in the US, repealing the 18th amendment
Eugene V. Debs
A labor leader who organized the American Socialist Party in 1901.
American Socialist Party
The Government would replace or control private businesses.
Ida Tarbell
Muckraker who wrote "History of the Standard Oil Company" to expose their business practices.
Upton Sinclair
Described the unsanitary practices of the meat packing industry in his book "The Jungle."
Jacob Riis
Took photographs to expose the terrible conditions of the urban living in his book "How the other half Lives.''
Problems caused by scientific management
injuries due to fatigue
decreased mental state
high worker turnover