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structure consisting of DNA and associated proteins that carries and transmits genetic information
XX-XO sex determination
system in grasshoppers where females have two X chromosomes and males posses a single X chromosome
XX-XY sex determination
system where females have two X chromosomes and males have a single X chromosome and a smaller Y chromosome
ZZ-ZW sex determination
system in birds, amphibians and fish where females are heterogametic and males are homogametic
genic sex determination
sex determination in which the sexual phenotype is specified by genes at one or more loci, but there are no obvious differences in the chromosomes of males and females
A reproductive pattern in which an individual reverses its sex during its lifetime.
human condition in which cells contain one or more Y chromosomes along with multiple X chromosomes
failure of homologous chromosomes or sister chromatids to separate in meiosis or mitosis
equalization in males and females of the amount of protein produced by X-linked genes
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