E7H/EWP 190 Vocab Set 4 Mr. Marx HSES

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Terms in this set (...)

sovereign
(adj.) independent of outside authority; supreme, preeminent or indisputable
epoch
(noun) a period in history marked by distinctive features or events; the start of such an era
zeal
(noun) fervent or enthusiastic devotion to a cause, ideal or goal
eradicate
(verb) to remove or destroy completely; to obliterate or stamp out
discern
(verb) to perceive or recognize, often in distinction to other, similar ideas
tutelage
(noun) instruction or guidance that is given by a guardian or tutor
countervailing
(adj.) acting as an opposite or compensating force
subversive
(adj.) causing or intending to cause the overthrow of an established institution of authority
encumber
(verb) to burden or weigh down
obscurantism
(noun) opposition to the increase or spread of independent knowledge or enlightenment
agitation
(noun) the act of stirring up public opinion for or against a political cause or idea
synthesis
(noun) the combination of material from different sources into a single, unified whole
fruition
(noun) the achievement or accomplishment of a desired goal
adumbrate
(verb) to foreshadow or give a faint outline of
tenacious
(adj.) clinging persistently or stubbornly; holding firmly to an idea or a purpose
manifestation
(noun) the external or perceptible evidence of an invisible force or entity
multifarious
(adj.) having many parts, aspects or sides; diverse or manifold
ramifications
(noun) outgrowths or consequences of an original event or idea
upheaval
(noun) strong or violent disturbance of the status quo (the existing social situation)
irreverence
(noun) lack of respect for traditional authority structures
induce
(verb) to accomplish something using persuasion or influence rather than direct action
disgruntled
(adj.) in a state of sulky dissatisfaction or discontent
automaton (plural is automata)
(noun) a robot or other mechanical device that is able to act on its own
amenities
(noun) features that provide comfort, convenience or pleasure
accrue
(verb) to acquire something or increase one's possessions as a result of an ongoing process
obstreperous
(adj.) noisy or unruly; resisting control in a difficult manner
supplant
(verb) to replace or supersede
spectre (also spelled "specter")
(noun) a frightening mental image of something unpleasant or menacing
salubrious
(adj.) tending to promote health or wellness; wholesome
complacent
(adj.) self-satisfied or pleased with oneself, and therefore unlikely to change or take action
compulsion
(noun) the state of being compelled or forced to do something
prodigal
(adj.) wastefully extravagant; spending or using resources with no thought of consequences
pestilence
(noun) something that is considered harmful, destructive or evil, such as a plague or disease
haphazard
(adj.) lacking order or planning in advance; happening irregularly or randomly