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Useful list of phrasal verbs (separable means that the two words can be used together, or you can add a word in between. E.g., Blow up the building. Blow the building up.) Taken from

add up


back up

cause to move backwards; support

blow up

cause to explode; destroy by explosives

break down

analyze; list the parts of separately

bring about

cause to happen

bring off


bring on


bring out

publish; emphasize

bring over


bring to


bring up

raise; care for from childhood

brush out

brush the inside of

burn down

destroy by burning

burn up

consume by fire

buy out

by the other person's share of a business

buy up

buy the whole supply of

call off

cancel; order away

call up

telephone; summon for military service

calm down

become calm

carry on


carry out

fulfill; complete; accomplish; perform

carry over

carry; continue at another time or place

cheer up

cause to become cheerful

chew up

chew thoroughly

chop up

chop into small pieces

clean off

clear the surface of

clean out

clean the inside of

clean up


clear out

clear the inside of

clear up

clarify; clear the inside of

close down

close permanently

close up

close temporarily

count in


count out


count up

calculate; count; add to a total

cross out


cut off

interrupt; sever; amputate

cut out

eliminate; delete

cut down

reduce in quantity

draw up

write; compose (a document)

dress up

put clothes on; adorn

drop off

decline gradually; fall asleep; stop and give something to someone

drop out

cease to participate

dust out

dust the inside of

eat up

eat completely

figure out

interpret; understand

figure up


fill in

complete (a printed form)

fill out

complete (a printed form)

fill up

fill completely (a container)

find out


fix up

repair; arrange in a suitable manner

get across

cause to be understood

give back


give out

distribute; announce

give up

surrender something

hand down

deliver; pronounce formally; leave as an inheritance

hand over

yield control of

hang up


have on

be dressed in

have over

entertain someone informally at one's home

hold off

delay; restrain

hold up

delay; rob; threaten with a weapon

keep up

continue; keep the same pace

leave out


let down


let out

release from confinement; make larger (in sewing)

light up

light; illuminate thoroughly

live down

live in such a way as to cause something to be forgotten

make over


move over

move to the side

pass out


pass up

not take advantage of (as an opportunity)

pass on


pay back


pay off

discharge a debt completely; give someone his final pay

pick up

come to meet an escort; lift with hands or fingers; learn casually;initiate an association publicly

play down


play up


point out


pull down

pull in a downward direction; raze

push across

cause to be understood or accepted

put off


put on

dress in; deceive or fool

put up

preserve (food); receive as an overnight guest

quiet down

be quiet

ring up

the telephone

rinse off

rinse the surface of

rinse out

rinse the inside of

rule out


run down

trace; disparage; hit with a vehicle

run off

cause to depart; reproduce mechanically

save up


see through

complete; in spite of difficulties

see off

accompany someone to the beginning of a trip

send back

send to a place where formerly located

send over

send to where someone is

set up


show off

exhibit ostentatiously

shut off

cause to cease functioning

slow up

cause to move more slowly

spell out

enumerate; state in detail

stand up

fail to keep an appointment with

sweep out

sweep the inside of

take back

return; retract a statement

take down

remove from a high position; write from dictation

take in

understood; fool; deceive; make smaller (in sewing)

take over

take; assume command of

tear down


tear up

tear into small pieces

tell off

scold; reprimand

think over


think through

consider from beginning to end

think up

create; invent

throw away


throw over


tie up

tie securely or tight

tire out

cause to be exhausted

touch up


try on

put on a garment to verify the fit

try out


turn down

refuse; lower the volume

turn out

produce; force into exile, extinguish (a light)

wash off

wash the surface of

wash out

wash the inside of

wear out

use until no longer usable; tire greatly

wind up

finish, tighten the spring of a watch or machine

wipe off

wipe the surface of

wipe out

wipe the inside of; decimate

work out


write down


write out

write down every detail; spell out

write up

compose; prepare (a document)

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