Saturated- straight, no double bonds, solid at room temperature and are the worst for you
Unsaturated- double bonded, bend/kink, liquid at room temperature, better choice
Carbohydrate- soda, juice, milk, yogurt, chips
Starch- pudding, cereal, yogurt, chips
Proteins- egg white, peanuts, cereal, milk
Lipids- peanuts, pudding, crackers, chips
CHON- Carbon, Hydrogren, Oxygen, Nitrogen
Carbs- made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen
composed of simple sugars-called monosaccharides, short-term energy storage
Proteins- Are large molecules with many different shapes and structures. Are the primary structural component of all tissues in humans and all other animals.Build, maintain, and repair the tissues in the body
Lipids-Are made up of fatty acids and glycerol.
Are non-polar (no atomic charges or ions) and hydrophobic (do not dissolve in water). Are primarily composed of hydrogen and carbon atoms, along with a few oxygen atoms. Examples:
- Triglycerides (commonly referred to as fats and oils)
- Phospholipids - Steroids - Fat-soluble vitamins such as A, E, D and K
Nucleic Acids-Nucleic acids are composed of carbon, oxygen, hydrogen, nitrogen, and phosphorus atoms.Nucleic acids are made up of nucleotides. Stores and carries genetic information in the form of DNA and RNA.
6 Number of protons
12 Atomic weight number of protons and neutrons
Parts of an atom: Proton, neutron, electron
Long term: eye problems, foot complications, skin complications, hearing loss, oral health, gastroparesis, high blood pressure, nerve damage.
Short term: frequent urination, weight gain, moodiness, thirst, fatigue, dizziness