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127 terms

Musical terms

Practice for music final
STUDY
PLAY
Accelerando
becoming faster
Adagio
Slow tempo
Allegretto
light, cheerful, fast tempo; bit slower than allegro
Allegro
Cheerful, lively, fast tempo
Andante
Moderate, graceful temp, between Allegretto& Adagio
Arrangements
adaptation of composition
Articulation
degree to which notes are separated or connected
Bass
the lowest voice, instrument, or part
Chord
three or more notes sounded simultaneously
Crescendo
gradually growing louder
D.C. al fine
indicates to return to beginning of piece &play to the "Fine" sign
Decrescendo
Gradually growing softer
Diatonic
notes indigenous to a key in major or minor scale
Diminuendo
Gradually growing softer
Duple Meter
A time signature with two beats in measure
Dynamics
The degrees of loudness and softness
Pianissimo
really soft
Piano
soft
Mezzopiano
medium soft
Mezzoforte
medium loud
Forte
loud
Fortissimo
really loud
Embellishment
Ornaments added to music
Expression marks
symbols or explanations for musical interpretation
Fermata
a hold or pause
Form
the shape and order of music
Genre
a distinct type of composition
Harmony
the study of the structure, progression& relationships of chords
Improvisation
Spontaneous composition
Instrumentation
the art of composing, orchestrating, or arranging for an instrumental ensemble
Interpretation
an expression of one's own character & style in a work
Interval
distance between two notes
Key Signature
sharps or flats written on staff at beginning of piece to indicate key
Legato
smooth
Lyrics
words to a song
Major
"Greater, happy" sounding in quality
Measure
space between two bar lines
Melody
an organized sequence of single notes
Meter
a framework for rhythm determined by the number of beats, time value of those beats, and accents thereof
Minor
"Lesser, sad" sounding in quality
Notation
written music indicating pitch & rhythm
Octave
interval between the first and eigth degrees of the diatonic scale
Ostinato
repeated musical figure, rhythmic pattern, or motive most often occurring in the bass line
Pitch
highness or lowness of a note, as determined by frequency
Posture
way in which a student stands or sits while playing or singing
Range
the notes, form the lowest to highest, that a voice or instrument may be capable of producing
Repeat
the restatement of a passage
Rhythm
Division of time. pattern of long and short note values in music
Ritardando
"delaying" becoming gradually slower
Slur
curved line connecting two or more notes, indicating that they are to be played legato
Staccato
"detached" short, separated notes indicated by a dot above or below a note
Markings
indications of pace of music and metronome markings
Tempo
"Time" pace of a piece of music
Tie
curved line connecting two notes of the same pitch, indicating they are to be played as one note
Tonal
pertaining to tone, key center or mode
Tone
A note, the basis of music
Treble
highest voice, instrument or part
Variation
the modification of theme, figure, or passage by means of melodic, rhythmic, contrapuntal, or harmonic changes
Vibrato
"Shaking" repeated fluctuation of pitch
Ad libitum
at the performer's discretion
Affettuoso
tenderly
Agitato
Agitated
Al fine
to the end, usually w/ da capo or del segno
Alla breve
double the tempo (with half note as the beat)
Allargando
getting slower
Andantino
Modification of andante, whether faster or slower is not always clear
Assai
very; sometimes, rather
A tempo
Resume earlier tempo
Attacca
continue without pause
Brio, con
with spirit or vigor
Calando
getting weaker and slower
Cantabile
singing, songlike
Col legno
with the wood of the bow (of the bow)
Da capo
repeat from the beginning (D.C.)
Del segno
repeat from the sign (D.S.)
Diminuendo
gradually getting softer
Dolce
sweetly
Espressivo
expressively
Festivo
festive
Fine
end
Forte
loud
Fortissimo
very loud
Fuoco, con
with fire
Giocoso
playful
Glissando
sliding
Grandezza, con
with dignity, grandeur
Grave
solemn, serious
Gusto, con
with style, taste
Largamente
broadly
Largo
slow, dignigied tempo
Legato
smooth, connected
Leggiero
light
Lento
slow
Lo stesso tempo
same speed
Maestoso
Majestic
Marcando, marcato
marked
Meno
less
Mezza voce
half voice; in instrumental music, half volume
Mezzo
half
Moderato
moderate tempo
Molto
very
Obbligato
indispensable part, opposite of ad libitum
Piu
more
Poco
little
Quasi
as if, nearly
Rallentando
gradually slowing
Ritenuto
immediately slower
Rubato
flexible melody against an inflexible accompaniment
Scherzando
playfully
Segue
continue without a break
Semplice
simple
Senza
without
Sforzando
sudden accent
Soli
melody w/ entire section
Sostenuto
sustained; smoothly
Sotto voce
in an undertone
Spiritoso
spirited
Staccato
disconnected; opposite of legato
Staff
5 parallel lines used in musical notation
Tacet
silent
Tenuto
held, legato
Tremolo
rapid reiteration of a single pitch
Trill
rapid alternation of notes
Troppo, non
not too much
Tutti
all (players)
Vivace
quick, vivacious
Volti subito
turn (the page) quickly