Key Concepts:

Terms in this set (29)

American commander demanded Mexico for an apology, but Mexico refused. President Wilson saw this refusal as an opportunity to overthrow Huerta. Shortly after Congress authorized the use of force, he learned that a German ship was unloading weapons at the Mexican port of Veracruz. He immediately ordered American warships there, where marines forcibly seized the city. Although Wilson expected the Mexicans to accept his action, anti-American riots broke out. Wilson then accepted international mediation to settle the dispute. Venustiano Carranza, whose forces had acquired arms from the U.S., became Mexico's president. Mexican forces opposed to Carranza were not appeased, and they conducted raids into the U.S., hoping to force Wilson to intervene. In March 1916, Pancho Villa and a group of guerillas burned the town of Columbus, New Mexico, killing 17 people. Wilson responded by sending about 5,800 troops under General John J. Pershing across the border to find and capture Villa. The expedition dragged on with not success. Wilson's growing concern over the war raging in Europe finally caused him to recall Perishing's troops in 1917. Wilson's Mexican policy damaged U.S. foreign relations. The British ridiculed the president's attempt to "shoot" the Mexicans into self-government. Latin Americans regarded his "moral imperialism" as no improvement over Roosevelt's "big stick" diplomacy. Wilson followed Roosevelt's example in the Caribbean, negotiating in 1914 exclusive rights for naval bases and a canal with Nicaragua. In 1915 he sent marines into Haiti to put down a rebellion. The marines remained there until 1934. In 1916 he sent troops into the Dominican Republic to preserve order and set up a government he hoped would be more stable and democratic than the current regime.