Democratic president who assumed office in 1945 upon FDR's death and won another term in 1948. He had an ambitious domestic agenda in the areas of civil rights and social wefare, but only succeed in implementing some of it. He focused on foreign poclicy and helped make containment a major component of post World War II US foreign policy
Dwight D. Eisenhower
popular military figure from WWII, elected in 1952: supported containment and a well funded military but wary of expensive domestic social programs, Eisenhower decided to run to curtail the influence of conservative Republicans and the Democratic Party. He won and helped the Republican Party gain a narrow congressional majority.