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26 terms

Poetry Vocab Test 1

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Nonce Sonnet
a hybrid of English and Italian sonnet (examples include "Ozymandias," "Work Without Hope," and "Leda and the Swan")
English Sonnet
has a rhyme scheme of ababcdcdefefgg and is usually printed as a single stanza/contains three English quatrains plus a heroic couplet
Petrarchan sonnet
cast in two stanzas, an octave ryhming abbaabba and a sestet with a variable rhyme scheme
Heroic Couplets
two rhyming lines of iambic pentameter
Iamb
one unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable
Trochee
one stressed syllable followed by an unstressed syllable
Conceit
extended or far-fetched metaphor
Petrarchan conceit
clichéd comparison usually relating to a woman's beauty
Apostrophe
when a nonhuman thing, abstraction, or person not physically present is directly addressed
Paradox
an apparent contradiction or illogical statement
Oxymoron
a short paradox, usually consisting of an adjective and noun with conflicting meaning
Synesthesia
a conscious mixing of two different types of sensory experience
Assonance
repetition of vowel sounds
Consonance
repetition of consonant sounds
Allusion
A casual reference in literature to a person, place, event, or another passage of literature, often without explicit identification
Caesura
a pause within a line
End stopped lines
lines that clearly pause at their conclusion
Enjambment
lines that run onto the next line with no pause
Personae/a
the speaker of the poem
Auditor
the person spoken to in a poem
Epigraph
brief explanatory statement or quotation
Occasional Verse
a poem written about or for an important event or occasion
Dramatic situation
who is speaking to whom and under what circumstances?
Oral tradition
how stories and poems were passed down from generation to generation prior to the printed word
Idiom
personal use of words that mark a poet's poetry "way with words"
Lyric poetry
originally comprised brief poems that were meant to be sung or changed to the accompaniment of a lyre. Today, it includes virtually all poems that are primarily about a subject and contain little narrative content. The subject might be poet's emotions or an abstract idea, a satirical insight, or a description of person or place.