a hybrid of English and Italian sonnet (examples include "Ozymandias," "Work Without Hope," and "Leda and the Swan")
has a rhyme scheme of ababcdcdefefgg and is usually printed as a single stanza/contains three English quatrains plus a heroic couplet
cast in two stanzas, an octave ryhming abbaabba and a sestet with a variable rhyme scheme
two rhyming lines of iambic pentameter
one unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable
one stressed syllable followed by an unstressed syllable
extended or far-fetched metaphor
clichéd comparison usually relating to a woman's beauty
when a nonhuman thing, abstraction, or person not physically present is directly addressed
an apparent contradiction or illogical statement
a short paradox, usually consisting of an adjective and noun with conflicting meaning
a conscious mixing of two different types of sensory experience
repetition of vowel sounds
repetition of consonant sounds
A casual reference in literature to a person, place, event, or another passage of literature, often without explicit identification
a pause within a line
End stopped lines
lines that clearly pause at their conclusion
lines that run onto the next line with no pause
the speaker of the poem
the person spoken to in a poem
brief explanatory statement or quotation
a poem written about or for an important event or occasion
who is speaking to whom and under what circumstances?
how stories and poems were passed down from generation to generation prior to the printed word
personal use of words that mark a poet's poetry "way with words"
originally comprised brief poems that were meant to be sung or changed to the accompaniment of a lyre. Today, it includes virtually all poems that are primarily about a subject and contain little narrative content. The subject might be poet's emotions or an abstract idea, a satirical insight, or a description of person or place.
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