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Music 128 Midterm part 2
Terms in this set (21)
What happens in West Side Story?
-originally East Side Story (originally going to be Jews vs. Catholics)
-Puerto Ricans: the Sharks (Anita, Bernardo, Maria)
-whites: the Jets "American"? (immigrants from Europe, Tony, Riff)
-gangs, immigration issues
-Anita-Bernardo, Tony-Maria (innocent, idealistic)
-Maria and Anita (experienced, bad influence) are gender opposites
What is the music like in West Side Story?
-"Latin" music for Sharks, cool jazz for Jets
-19th century romanticism and 20th century modernism
-"Maria" (tritone/half step)
-"Somewhere" (minor 7th/half step)
-shows a struggle for resolution
What is the dance like in West Side Story?
-key dramatic scenes: the Rumble and the taunting scenes
-prologue originally: "Up to the Moon"
What happens in "America" ?
-stage: Rosalita has positive view of America, Anita has negative view
-film: men sing, same idea
-verses are Puerto Rican dance called the "seis"
-choruses are a Huapango ("I like to be in Amer-ic-a")
-alternating 6/8 and 3/4 meters
What happens in "Cool"?
-Bebop->instrumental virtuosity and improvisation
-modernism: 12 tone system (aka serialism)
-both show edginess and detachment
-motives: "Maria" and "Somewhere"
-dance selection: fugue, tension and release
What happens in "Maria"?
-Tchaikovsky's Romeo and Juliet Fantasy-Overture (hits climax at high point and then falls done)
-tango bass->alludes to her ethnicity
-incomplete->ends connects to "Somewhere"
-ballad, starts unbalanced then goes into stable key and rhythm, saying her name repeatedly
What happens in "Somewhere"?
-setting and lyric: dream ballet
-structure: modified AABA w/ B as a Coda and a flat 6 in B section
-harmony: Tritone relationships->introduces musical ideas before being said, embedded in harmony
-"Somewhere" motive: end of "Tonight", "theres a place for us" in a round, "cool", also "maria" motive?
What happens in "A Boy Like That" and "I have a Love"?
-dissonance, tone clusters, accents on weak bets
-argument, combo song (both sing their own part at the same time)
-uses "somewhere" motive; maria has to win Anita over
-and transforms tone clusters to win argument
-Anita's rage, Maria argues against her, they argue against each other
-@ one point start harmonizing same lyrics together
What happens in "Finale"?
-reprise of "Somewhere"->motifs still there
-aria vs. monolgue
-can't complete monologue
-somewhat hopeful moment of unity w/ maria leading everyone away
-failure as a part of musicals b/s monologue and no aria
-however, affect of realism in here
What is the Fiddler on the Roof?
-Jewish Shtetl, Holocaust (implicit) parallel b/c have to leave their town
-Sholom Aleichem Tevye stories of survival (Yiddish)
-American Jews w/ a 1960s backdrop
-Marc Chagall's Green Violinist and other Violinist paintings
What are general themes in Fiddler on the Roof?
-feminism and gender roles challenged: live the life they choose
-civil rights->onstage conflict b/t Eur. and Russian Jews
-issue of intermarriage->daughter marries a Xn
-issue of community
-tradition of Yiddish theater in NY city
What is the story of Fiddler on the Roof?
-Anatevka, 1905 Jewish Community: faced threat from Russian soldiers who wanted to kick them out
-surrounded by women
-family authority through women->emasculated
-wanted to cling to tradition, but not to point that it destroys everything
-understand changing world
How is the marriage between Tzeitel-Motel?
-should marry Lazar Wolf
-"Miracle of Miracles": finds strengths when he stands up to Tevye->accepts as a couple complimenting each other
-better matched w/ Motel despite poor tailor
How is the marriage between Hodel and Perchik?
-Perchik: a traveling intellectual revolutionary
-Marxism, he is Jewish
-exile->came from somewhere else
-has no intention of staying in town, but must move on to support brethren
-is exiled to Siberia, Hodel goes w/ him->tragedy occurs here
-musically they're the centerpiece: "Sunrise, Sunset" and "Now I have Everything" and "Far From the Home I love"
-most stable couple, despite moving away
How is the marriage between Chava and Fyedka?
-assimilation->carried out in secret
-marrying outside community and wants to leave
-breaking tradition and leaving house
-no songs->distance, runs off marrying him and tells Tevye who mourns her
-rejection among Tevye despite wanting his acceptance->@ the end he tries to understand it
-is love more important than sticking w/ tradition?
What is the Diaspora?
-mass eviction->eveyones thrown out
-Yente says shes going to Jerusalem
-others go to America
-Chava to Cracow->middle of Holocaust
What happens in the Prologue of Fiddler in "Tradition"?
-family heirarchy: Papas, mamas, sons, daughters (fiddle tune!)->definitive? going in order of importance?
-papas and daughters: lowered 2nd; daughters matter most; daughters sing most important part
-chaos in combo song->everyone sings their own part
-Jerome Robbins choreography->Jews in circles, Russians marching b/t them to break them apart foreshadows
What happens in "Matchmaker"?
-AABA waltz song EXCEPT
-Tzeitl's "jewish" middle section
-escapism to reality (exaggerated?) to self actualization
What happens in "If I Were a Rich Man"?
-papas tune from "Tradition"
-Klezmor music: klezmor, accordion, tambourine, hi hat, percussion, "boom chunk", accompaniment
-Jewish melody: alternating major/minor chords; Yiddishisms
-digressions: set up like AABA, but Tevye repeats the B section several times, adds a C
-not just normal formula, adds so many sections and is all over the place
What are the different kinds of film musicals?
-synchronized->music and sound effects only
-part talkie->music and sound effects w/ occasional talking scene (Jazz Singer)
-100% talkie->all sound
-Jazz Singer 1st Talkie?
-transition from silent to sound took 5 years
-studio version and sound version
-changes movies music->losing jobs; studios take control of tracks
What is the progression of Hays Code Timeline?
-1929: Quigley asks Lord to draft code
-1930: Will Hays revises and adopts Code through MPAA to enforce code
-1933: National Legion of Decency formed (all pre code films)
-1934: Joseph Breen amends and enforces Code
-sets moral standards for film in effect through 1950's
-1968 its dropped, our new rating system is introduced
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