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71 terms

Chapter 1 Terms: Relative positions of anatomical structures, Body sections, and Body regions

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Superior
A part above another part.
Inferior
A part below another part.
Anterior
Towards the front.
Posterior
Towards the back.
medial
Closer to the center than the part it is being compared to.
Lateral
Farther from the center than the part it is being compared to.
Bilateral
Refering to paired structures, one on each side.
Ipsilateral
Refering to structures on the same side of the imaginary midline.
Contralateral
Refers to structures on oposite sides.
Proximal
Refers to a part closer to the torso than another part.
Distal
Refers to a part farther than the part being compared to from the torso.
Superficial/Peripheral
Close to the skin or surface.
Deep
Describes internal parts.
Sagittal section
Refers to a lengthwise cut that divides the body into equal left and right portions.
Traverse section
Cut that divides body into superior and inferior portions.
Frontal section
Cut that divides the body into anterior and posterior portions.
Epigastric region
The upper middle portion. (the middle portion refers to the section inbetween the lungs and the pelvis)
Left and Right hypochondriac regions
The sections on the left and right of the epigastric region.
Umbilical Region
The central portion of the middle section.
Left and right lumbar regions
The sections on the left and right of the umbilical region.
Hypogastric region
The lower middle region.
Left and right iliac regions
The sections on the left and the right of the Hypogastric region.
abdominal
region between the thorax and pelvis.
acromial
point of the shoulder
antebracheal
forearm
antecubital
space in front of the elbow
axillary
armpit
brachial
arm
buccal
cheek
carpal
wrist
celiac
abdomen
cephalic
head
cervical
neck
costal
ribs
coxal
hip
crural
leg
cubital
elbow
digital
finger or toe
dorsum
back
femoral
thigh
frontal
forehead
genital
reproductive organs
gluteal
buttocks
inguinal
groin
lumbar
region of the lowerback between the ribs and pelvis.
mammary
breast
mental
chin
nasal
nose
occiptial
lower posterior region of the head (the area containing the occipital lobe)
oral
mouth
orbital
eye cavity
otic
ear
palmar
palm of the hand
patellar
front of the knee
pectoral
chest
pedal
foot
pelvic
pelvis
perineal
region the anus and the reproudctive organs.
plantar
sole of the foot
popliteal
area behind the knee
sacral
posterior region between the hipbones.
sternal
middle of the thorax (anteriorly)
sural
calf of the leg
tarsal
instep of the foot
umbilical
navel
vertebral
spinal column
Thoracic cavity
cavity of the thorax containing the lungs
Pelvic cavity
cavity of organs between the pelvis
Cranial cavity
cavidy in the head containing the brain
Mediastinum
Chamber in the thorax between the pleural cavites containing the heart
Vertebral canal
the cavity along the vertebrea containing the spinal chord