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26 terms

Principles and Practices of Assessment and Intervention

STUDY
PLAY
Assessment
Have a plan. Systematic process of gathering info about an individuals background. sequence of administration
Validity
Does it mean what it says it measures.
ex. interview give in and lead in w/ parent.
- rule out, release and support
Reliability
Consistency. Interobserver: Same test different week.
dont know if reliable is valid.
4 purposes of Assesment
1. to identify skills taht a person does/ do have w normative comparisons, 2 intervention planning- short and long term objectives, who what?, and goals.
3. Montior changes overtime, qualify a person of service. 4. quality a person for services (elidgability.
5 steps and scope of communicative assesment
1. Screening and referrel, 2. designing and administering 3. Interpret results of assesment 4.Develope TX plan 5.monitor progress and outcomes
Dynamic Assesment
Participant model of observation
- repeat and try new things
Intervention Planning
What- skills, where- push in/wheres therapy, when-when to schedule, with whom-role release service, how- provide service, transdisciplinary model.
treatment progues
adults with disabilities, in clinic not generalized in other ways.
test teach model
Collect data, ongoing assesment, monitor change after discharge, rationale for instituing program changes/ goals change
Articulation disorder is more commonly seen before?
Language disorder
Ecological philitaty
Relevant, useful, natural samples of child skills respoing to referrell
Authentic assesment
Administrating tests in a way that are true enviornmental reality. Each thing in portfolio is an artifact.
Instrumentation
Modified barium swallow for dysphagia, video stroboscopy to observe vocal fold function.
Types of assesment
1. Norm reference instruments: standard procedure
2. criterion-referenced: performance of skill, hearing
3. authentic: performance, valid
4. dynamic: trial therapy, test teach. observe.
5. progress monitoring: rate of change, compare
serety
standard score when compared to other children, does it impact their quality of life?
The 3 principles of intervention
Effectiveness, efficency, adherence
3 aspects of evidence based practice
empirical( peer review), practical ( based on experience), personal knowledge( parent+consumer)
3 purposes of intervention
Prevention (any type of disorder), remediation( slow progress/revorse course), compensation(help person cope)
intervention models
Pull out/push in direct service, co-teaching, consulation
categories of interventions
Behaviorist, lingusitic cognitive, social interactionsists, info processing, family centered.
Behaviorist
Enviornment; modify behavior based on how you respond to individuals.
linguistic cognitive
Developemental descriptive approach. sequence of steps. Psycholanguistic approac.
social interactionist
Pramatic; language in context. Purpose and function.
Info processing
Organizing thoughts, message and stong info. Brain-behavior and how you incode info. anomia-word blindness, dimensia
ABC's of intervention
Anticednece: What happens before
Behavior: What the child does
Consequence: Response to behavior
response cause
Take something away, anticipation, modeling and shaping.