American Government Chapter 3
Bob Jones American Government Chapter 3 Forms of Government
Terms in this set (30)
Form of government in which citizens participate in the making and enforcement of laws and policies. ( Example: USA and Japan)
Form of government in which the people directly affect a governments's policies and actions. (Also referred to pure democracy)
Form of government in which the people elect representatives to operate the government on their behalf. (Also referred to representative democracy)
State in which the supreme power rests in the the people and their elected representatives or officers.
An authoritative form of government in which the ruler or rulers have unshared power over the making and enforcing of laws. (Example:Cuba)
System of government ruled in which the state has complete control over all aspects of its citizen's lives.
A government rule by one person who holds supreme power.
A form of dictatorship government ruled by an elite group with supreme power.
The absence of government or law. (Example: Somalia)
A system in which the people give authority to one centralized level of government that then creates other levels of government to help administer the law.
System in which power is divided into two or more levels, usually a central government and component local governments.
System in which regional governments retain supremacy while delegating limited power to the national government. (Example:The Articles of Confederation)
A system in which the people directly elect the head of the executive branch independently of the legislative branch; and the two branches are separate and equal.
A system in which the people elect legislative representatives from different parties; the winning party's leader becomes the head of the executive branch, the Prime Minister, and establishes a cabinet.
Powers given to the national government by the Constitution that define the limits of its authority.
At the federal level, the legislative branch of government; a bicameral legislative composed of a lower house called the House of Representatives and the higher house called the Senate.
House of Representatives
The lower house in Congress; representation is based on state population.
Higher house in Congress;representation is equal for each state having 2.
The chief executive officer and head of the executive branch in the US system of government
The highest court in the land
A legislative branch divided into 2 separate houses.
A legislature only made up of 1 house.
Chief of the executive branch within a state
A political subdivision of a county
Districts, independent of the city and county, especially established to provide government functions on the local level.
Process by which a state establishes a city as a legal government body by giving it a charter establishing the parameters in which it can operate.
A document that establishes a city's name and serves as its constitution.
Benefits of Presidential System
the president is directly accountable to the people, and the executive department is independent of the legislative branch
Drawback of the Presidential System
the presidential system is inefficient
An urban, local system of government that includes: cities, towns and villages.