25 terms

Unit 3 Exam Study Guide

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Northwest Ordinance of 1787
Created a system for territories to become states
Amendments to the Constitution are proposed by...
by the vote of two-thirds of both houses of Congress or by two-thirds of the state legislatures
Weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation
-Federal government didn't have a leader
-Congress could not impose taxes
-No judicial branch or national court system
Effects of the Articles of Confederation
-Positive: Northwest Ordinance Passed
-Negative: Shay's Rebellion
Challenges of the Constitutional Convention
-how to get an agreement between large and small states
-how to get an agreement between Northern (non-slavehholding) and Southern (slaveholding) states
Virginia Plan
Created a legislative branch with two houses whose representatives were determined by each state's population
New Jersey Plan
Created a legislative branch with one house with one representative per state
Bill of Rights
added to the Constitution to get all states to agree to ratification
Federalism
powers are divided between the state and federal government
First Amendment
-Freedom of Religion
-Freedom of Speech
-Freedom of the Press
-Freedom of Assembly
-Freedom to Petition
Three-fifths Compromise
-Appealed to Northern states because some slaves would be considered property rather than part of the population
-Appealed to Southern states because some slaves would be counted towards population.
Congress (Legislative Branch)
makes laws for the country
Checks and balances
Each branch of government will have control over the others
Popular soverignty
The power of the government comes from the PEOPLE (WE THE PEOPLE!)
Judicial Branch
resolves disputes under the law
Fourth Amendment
Protection from illegal search and seizure
Unalienable Rights
-Life
-Liberty
-Happiness
Fifth Amendment
Due process of law (Miranda Rights)
Great Compromise
-2 houses in Congress
-House of Representatives appealed to large states (based on population)
-Senate appealed to small states (equal representation)
-3 branches (executive, legislative, and judicial)
Federalists
-Articles of Confederation was a failure
-Wants a strong federal government (esp. executive)
Anti-federalists
-We should keep the A of C and not write a new constitution
-If we approve of the Constitution, we need a Bill of Rights
-States should have the power, not the federal government
Voting rights
A citizen exercises his or her right to vote by making informed decisions based on candidates and issues
Civic virtue
Taking action to grow and help in your community (ex: volunteering for a community program)
John Locke
influenced the Constitution through the idea that government is an agreement between ruler and ruled
Baron de Montesquieu
created an idea of separation of power that keeps one person from getting to much power by dividing power between three branches of government

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