How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

23 terms

Chapter 25 Key Words

STUDY
PLAY
Absolutism
belief that total power resides in one person, here a king
Academy
founded 1648 it was a formal institution based a rigid curriculum of compulsory instruction in theory and practice. There was a system of rules that laid down a method of tabulating grades for artists, past and present.
Anthony Van Dyck
Flemish successor to Rubens he painted English royalty
Camera Obscura
pinhol camera
classicism
imitation of the Greco-Roman style in another age
Dutch Republic
declared its independence from the Spanish Netherlands in the late 16th century. It established the Bank of Amsterdam and became the leading financial center on the Continent.
Flanders
was the Spanish Netherlands after the Dutch Republic (Holland) became free.
Frans Hals
leading painter of Haarlem was a leading portrait painter of middle-class groups.
Golden Art of Dutch Art
17th Century
Hundred Guilder Print
because of his expertise with the new technologies, his etchings and engravings became a principal source of income for Rembrandt. His images of Biblical stories were very appealing to the buyers of the 17th century
Inigo Jones
a notable English architect of the Banqueting House in Whitehall
Jan Vermeer
a Dutch painter of the interior domestic scenes whose mastery of light and quiet placed him above the ordinary genre scenes of 17th century,
Judith Leyster
was a student of Hals and depicted herself as an artist, an important position for a woman
Lourve
originally a royal palace of grandeur and elegance, now a museum
Pastoral, Bucolic
use of idealized images of the country-side shepherds, shepherdess and rural life
Poussinistes vs. Rubenistes
disagreement between the followers of Rubens and Poussin about the merits of rich textures, sensuous color and intense emotion(Rubens) and drawing, composition and emotional restraint(Poussin)
Psychology of Light
Rembrandt discovered he could manipulate the direction, intensity, distance and the surface of light and shadow to render the nuances of character and mood
Rembrandt
a Dutch painter who was a master using subtle nuances of light and shadow and a unique interpreter of scripture
Rubens
leading Flemish Baroque painter. In his work can be seen a synthesis of the of many Renaissance and Baroque painters especially Michelangelo, Titan, Carracci and Caravaggio. He was a smooth man of the world and diplomat.
Sun King
title given to Louis XIV because he was an absolute monarch. "I am the State" all visual arts had to glorify the king.
Vanitas
describes paintings (particularly 17th century Dutch still life) that include references to death
Versailles
a country house for the French aristocracy
Wren
architect of the majestic London Cathedral St Paul