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American Pageant Ch 11
Terms in this set (33)
Election of 1800
Electoral victory of Democratic Republicans over the Federalists, who lost their congressional
majority and the presidency. The peaceful transfer of power between rival parties solidified faith in America's
Judiciary Act of 1801
Law that the Federalist Congress passed to increase the number of federal courts and judicial positions; President John Adams rushed to fill these positions with Federalists before his term ended; appointed the Midnight Judges and allowed the Federalists to keep control over the Judicial Branch
a nick name given to group of judges that was appointed by John Adams the night before he left office. He appointed them to go to the federal courts to have a long term federalist influence, because judges serve for life instead of limited terms
Marbury V Madison
Supreme Court decision declaring part of the Judiciary Act of 1789 unconstitutional, thereby establishing an important precedent in favor of judicial review.
Four-year conflict between the American navy and the North African nation of Tripoli over piracy in the Mediterranean. Jefferson, a staunch non-interventionist, reluctantly deployed American forces, eventually securing a peace treaty with Tripoli
First successful slave revolt; led to more slave revolts because of hope of success now that there was an example; hurt France financially; gave Haiti freedom, spread fear of slave rebellion, first free slave nation in the western hemisphere
IMPORTANT: ended Napoleon's dream of an American empire which led to him selling the Louisiana land to the Americans
1803, the U.S. spends $15 million to buy a large amount of land from the west of the Mississippi from France; doubled the size of the United States
IMPORTANT: Jefferson used a LOOSE interpretation of the Constitution (Federalist Idea)
Corps of Discovery
Team of adventurers, led by Merriweather Lewis and William Clark, sent by Thomas Jefferson to explore Louisiana Territory and find a water route to the Pacific. Lewis and Clark brought back detailed accounts of the West's flora, fauna, and native populations, and their voyage demonstrated the ability of overland travel to the West.
Orders in Council
closed European ports under French control to foreign shipping, unless the vessels 1st stopped at a British por
British practice of taking American sailors and forcing them into military service
1807 - The American ship Chesapeake refused to allow the British on the Leopard to board to look for deserters. In response, the Leopard fired on the Chesapeake. As a result of the incident, the U.S. expelled all British ships from its waters until Britain issued an apology.
Act that forbade the export of goods from the U.S. in order to hurt the economies of the warring nations of France and Britain. The act slowed the economy of New England and the south. The act was seen as one of many precursors to war.
Law passed by Congress in 1809 reopening trade with all nations except France and Britain and authorizing the president to reopen trade with them if they lifted restrictions on American shipping.
Macon's Bill #2
Passed in 1810, an agreement with Britain and France to end embargo if promised not to attack American ships; NOT VERY EFFECTIVE
Southerners and Westerners who were eager for war with Britain. They had a strong sense of nationalism, and they wanted to takeover British land in North America and expand.
3rd President of the United States. He favored limited central government. He was chief drafter of the Declaration of Independence; approved of the Louisiana Purchase in 1803 and promoted ideals of republicanism. Sent out the Lewis and Clark Expedition to explore this territory.
A slave who was owned by Thomas Jefferson. Based on recent evidence from DNA and from the timing of Jefferson's visits to Monticello, most scholars now think it probable that Jefferson, a widower, was the father of one and possibly more of her four surviving children.
U.S. statesman: Secretary of the Treasury 1801-13 Jefferson's and a financial genius helped to cut the national debt nearly in half
Chief justice of supreme court appointed by John Adams.Created the precedent of judicial review; ruled on many early decisions that gave the federal government more power, especially the supreme court
a strong supporter of the American Revolution, a signer of the Declaration of Independence, an ardent Federalist, and the only Supreme Court Justice ever to be impeached (In 1804, for alleged prejudice against the Jeffersonians in treason and sedition trials). He was appointed to the U.S. Supreme Court by president Washington. The senate, however, in a decision that indicated reluctance to remove judges for purely political reasons, did not convict him, and he remained on the court until his death.
Sold the Louisiana Territory to Jefferson after the Haitian Revolution
A French general, political leader, and emperor of the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. He rose swiftly through the ranks of army and government during and after the French Revolution and crowned himself emperor in 1804. He conquered much of Europe but lost two-thirds of his army in a disastrous invasion of Russia. After his final loss to Britain and Prussia at the Battle of Waterloo, he was exiled to the island of St. Helena in the south Atlantic Ocean.
Robert R Livingston
along with James Monroe, negotiated in Paris for the Louisiana land area; signed a treaty on April 30, 1803 ceding Louisiana to the United States for $15 million
was an important leader of the Haïtian Revolution and the first leader of a free Haiti. In a long struggle again the institution of slavery, he led the blacks to victory over the whites and free coloreds and secured native control over the colony in 1797, calling himself a dictator.
United States explorer and soldier who lead led an expedition from St. Louis to the mouth of the Columbia River (1774-1809)
United States explorer who (with Meriwether Lewis) led an expedition from St. Louis to the mouth of the Columbia River
native american woman who served as a guide and interpreter for the Lewis and Clark expedition
A political leader who served as vice president of the United States in the first term of Thomas Jefferson (1801-1805). After he killed Alexander Hamilton in a duel, his career declined. He was later involved in a bizarre conspiracy to sever the western states and territories from the Union. He was tried for treason but was acquitted.
the corrupt military governor of Louisiana Territory; made an allegiance with Burr to separate the western part of the United States from the East and expand their new confederacy with invasions of Spanish-controlled Mexico and Florida; betrayed Burr when he learned that Jefferson knew of the plot; Burr was acquitted of the charges of treason by James Madison and he fled to Europe
President; lead nation through War of 1812. Strict constructionist, 4th president, father of the Constitution.
A Shawnee chief who, along with his brother, Tenskwatawa, a religious leader known as The Prophet, worked to unite the Northwestern Indian tribes. The league of tribes was defeated by an American army led by William Henry Harrison at the Battle of Tippecanoe in 1811. Tecumseh was killed fighting for the British during the War of 1812 at the Battle of the Thames in 1813.
Tenskwatawa (the Prophet)
inspired a religious revival that spread through many tribes and united them; killed by Harrison at battle of Tippecanoe
AKA the Prophet; Tecumseh's brother
African nation; home to pirates that raided the Mediterranean ships
Battle of Tippecanoe
Battle between Americans and Native Americans. Tecumseh and the Prophet attempted to oppress white settlement in the West, but defeated by William Henry Harrison. Led to talk of Canadian invasion and served as a cause to the War of 1812.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
American Pageant Ch 17
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