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50 terms

Fundamentals chpt 35 vocab part one

STUDY
PLAY
absorption
The process by which a drug passes into the bloodstream
adverse effects
more sever side effects that may justify the discontinuation of a drug.
agonist
A drug that interacts with a receptor to produce a response.
ampule
A glass container that is designed to hold a single dose of a drug.
anaphylactic reaction
A severe allergic reaction that usually occurs immediately after the administration of a drug.
antagonist
Drug that inhibits cell function by occupying the drug's receptor sites.
bevel
The slanted part at the tip of a needle
biotransformation
Process by which a drug is converted to a less active form;
brand name
Name of the drug given by the drug manufacturer AKA trade name
buccal
A medication (e.g., a tablet) that is held in the mouth against the mucous membranes of the cheek until the drug dissolves.
cannula
A tube with a lumen (channel) that is inserted into a cavity or duct and is often fitted with a trocar during insertion for abdominal paracentesis; the part of the needle that is attached to the hub; also called a shaft
chemical name
The name by which a chemist knows the drug; describes the constituents of the drug precisely.
cumulative effect
The increasing response to repeated doses of a drug that occurs when the rate of admin. exceeds the rate of metabolism or excretion.
desired effect
AKA Therapeutic effect.
detoxification
AKA biotransformation
distribution
The transportation of drug from its site of absorption to its site of action.
drug
A chemical compound taken for disease prevention, diagnosis, cure, or relief or to affect the structure or function of the body.
drug abuse
Excessive intake of a substance either continually or periodically.
drug allergy
An immunologic reaction to drug.
drug dependence
Inability to keep the intake of a drug or substance under control.
drug habituation
A mild form of psychological dependence on a drug.
drug half life
The time required for the elimination process to reduce the concentration of a drug to one half of what it was at initial administration.
drug interaction
The beneficial or harmful interaction of one drug with another drug.
drug tolerance
A condition in which successive increases in the dosage of a drug are required to maintain a given therapeutic effect.
drug toxicity
The quality of a drug that exerts a deleterious effect on an organism or tissue.
elimination half life
AKA drug half life
epidural
The injection of an anesthetic agent into the epidural or intrathecal (subarachnoid) space.
ethnopharmacology
Study of the effect of ethnicity on the responses to prescribed meds.
excretion
elimination of a waste product produced by the body cells from the body.
gastrostomy tube
A tube that is surgically placed directly into the clients stomach and provides another route for administering nutrition and meds.
gauge
The diameter of the shaft of a needle; the larger the ____ number, the smaller the diameter of the shaft
generic name
Given before a drug officially becomes an approved meds; generally used throughout the drugs lifetime.
hub
The part of the needle that fits into the syringe.
hypodermic
Under the skin
hypodermic syringe
A type of syringe that comes in 2-2.5- and 3 mL sizes; the syringe usually has two scales marked on it. The minim and the mL.
iatrogenic disease
Disease caused unintentionally by medical therapy
idiosyncratic effect
A different, unexpected, or individual effect from the normal one usually expected from a medication; the occurrence of unpredictable and unexplainable symptoms.
illicit drugs
Drugs that are sold illegally; street drugs.
inhibiting effect
The decreased effect of one or both drugs.
insulin syringe
Syringe that has a scale specially designed for insulin and is the only syringe that should be used to administer insulin.
intradermal
Under the epidermis, in the dermis.
intradermal injection
The admin of a drug into the dermal layer of the skin beneath the epidermis.
intramuscular
into the muscle
intramuscular injection
The admin of a drug into the muscle tissue
intraspinal
Into the spinal canal
intrathecal
AKA intraspinal
intravenous
With in a vein
irrigation
washing out of a body cavity by a stream of water or other fluid that may or may not be medication.
lavage
AKA irrigation
medication
A substance administered for the diagnosis, cure, treatment, or relief of a symptom or for prevention of disease.