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484 terms

Vocabulary for SAT

Vocab from "Vocabulary Power Plus for the New SAT"
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licentious
morally unrestrained
numismatist
coin collector
paucity
a scarcity, lack
fatalistic
believing that all events in life are inevitable and determined by fate
obtrude
to force oneself into a situation uninvited
pensive
dreamily thoughtful
lackadaisical
uninterested, listless
alienate
to turn away feelings or affections
elated
in high spirits; exultantly proud and joyful
epigram
a witty saying expressing a single thought or observation
amalgamate
to combine
demented
mentally ill; insane
hone
to sharpen
beleaguer
to besiege by encircling (as with an army); to harass
gorge
to eat or swallow greedily
antiquated
no longer used or useful; very old
opiate
a narcotic used to cause sleep or bring relief from pain
caricature
an exaggerated portrayal of one's features
dally
to waste time; to dawdle
felonious
pertaining to or constituting a major crime
edifice
a large, elaborate structure; an imposing building
ambidextrous
equally skillful with either hand
belated
delayed
animate
to give life or motion to
knead
to work dough or clay into a uniform mixture
chauvinist
one having a fanatical devotion to a country, gender, or religion, with contempt for other countries, the opposite sex, or other beliefs
egalitarian
promoting equal rights for all people
berserk
in a state of violent or destructive rage
ostentatious
marked by a conspicuous, showy, or pretentious display
delude
to mislead; to fool
elude
to escape notice; to get away from
fallow
inactive; unproductive
blight
anything that destroys, prevents growth, or causes devaluation
obsequy
a funeral rite or ceremony
denizen
an occupant; inhabitant
fealty
obligated loyalty or faithfulness
entice
to attract by offering reward or pleasure
gratify
to please
laggard
a slow person, especially one who falls behind
gambit
maneuver or action used to gain an advantage
jaded
worn out; dulled, as from overindulgence
gist
the main point
advocate
to recommend; to speak in favor of
efface
to obliterate; to wipe out
charisma
personal appeal or attraction; magnetism
ogre
a brute; a large monster; a frightful giant
mesmerize
to hypnotize
entity
anything having existence, either physical or mystical
bandy
to exchange words; to discuss casually
dastardly
cowardly and treacherous
nepotism
favoritism shown to family by those in power, especially in business or hiring practices
begrudge
to resent another's success; to envy
mandarin
an influential person; a member of an elite group
glutinous
gluey; sticky
enmity
deep-seated hostility, often mutual
declaim
to speak in a dramatic, impassioned, or blustering manner
imbue
to inspire or influence; to saturate
gaff
a pole with a large hook on one end
quaff
to drink in large quantities; to gulp
bibliophile
a lover of books
gird
to prepare for an event or an action
daunt
to make afraid; to discourage
flux
a state of continual change or movement
hovel
a wretched living place; an open shed
cadaverous
of or like a corpse; pale, gaunt, thin
gothic
of the middle ages; of or relating to a mysterious, grotesque, and desolate style of fiction
penury
extreme poverty
egress
an exit; a means of going out
felicity
happiness; bliss
despot
a dictator with absolute power
beget
to produce; to make happen
educe
to draw or bring out
glean
to collect bit by bit; to gather with patient labor
chafe
to wear or irritate, often through rubbing or friction
effrontery
shameless boldness
imbibe
to drink (especially alcohol)
feign
to pretend
desist
to stop; discontinue
allude
to hint at, to refer to indirectly
elite
the choice members or best of a group
bilk
to cheat or swindle; to thwart
homily
a sermon
demise
death; a ceasing to exist
emit
to send out; to give forth, as in sound or light
decadence
moral deterioration
aghast
feeling great dismay or horror
granary
a storehouse for grain
choleric
easily angered
impede
to hinder, obstruct
qualm
a feeling of uneasiness
lampoon
a written satire used to ridicule or attack someone
narcissistic
conceited; having excessive self-love or admiration
eradicate
to wipe out; to destroy
fabricate
to concoct; to make up a story in order to deceive
ghastly
horrible; frightful
fallible
capable of error
blatant
obvious; too conspicuous
dawdle
to waste time
affiliate
an associate; partner
fawn
to act slavishly submissive
calumny
a false and malicious accusation
berate
to scold or rebuke severely and at length
minion
a fawning, servile follower
desolate
lonely; forlorn; uninhabited; barren
bane
the cause of ruin, harm, distress, or death
pacify
to calm down
garble
to mix up or distort
prevaricate
to lie
filch
to steal
neophyte
a beginner
flagrant
glaringly bad; outrageous
patrician
an aristocrat
emissary
one sent on a special mission to represent others
kindred
having similar origin, nature, or character
fracas
a loud quarrel or fight
lacerate
to tear (flesh) jaggedly
futile
useless; pointless
immaculate
spotless; perfect
gait
manner of walking
carp
to complain or to find fault in a petty or nagging way
query
to ask; to inquire
queue
a line of people or vehicles
nefarious
very wicked; notorious
genesis
beginning; origin
facade
a deceptive outward appearance; a misrepresentation
deluge
a flood; an overwhelming rush
catholic
universal; wide-ranging
eerie
weird; mysterious; strange and frightening
martial
warlike; relating to the military
anthropomorphic
attributing human characteristics or qualities to objects, animals, or gods
beneficiary
one who receives benefits
careen
to swerve or lurch from side to side while in motion
aplomb
self-confidence
guile
slyness or cunning in dealing with others
modicum
a small amount
fester
to grow embittered over time; to rot
languish
to become weak or feeble; to lose strength
pall
something that covers or conceals
havoc
great destruction; chaos
rancid
having a bad taste or smell; spoiled
holocaust
a great or complete destruction of life
embroil
to draw into a conflict or fight
anachronism
something or someone existing outside of its proper time
denigrate
to attack the reputation of; to speak ill of
humane
kind; compassionate
effusive
emotionally excessive; overly demonstrative
defunct
no longer in existence
lackey
a slavish follower
envisage
to form a mental picture
lament
to mourn
gape
to stare with an open mouth
impertinent
rude and disrespectful
haughty
arrogant; proud
nemesis
someone or something a person cannot conquer or achieve; a hated enemy
lethal
deadly; fatal
catalyst
a person, thing, or agent that speeds up or stimulates a result, reaction, or change
jargon
vocabulary distinctive to a particular group of people
judicious
showing sound judgment
foible
a minor weakness in character
benediction
the act of blessing
frivolous
trivial; silly
alacrity
liveliness; willingness; eagerness
deify
to make a god of; to look upon or worship as a god
carnage
bloody or extensive slaughter
impel
push into motion
epitaph
an inscription on a tombstone; a brief comment about a deceased person
harp
to persist in talking continuously (on or about something)
lateral
of or relating to the side
pallid
pale; faint in color
impetuous
acting suddenly without thought
raconteur
a story-teller
winnow
to subject to some process of separating or distinguishing
collude
to act together secretly to achieve a fraudulent, illegal, or deceitful purpose
vicariously
felt or enjoyed through imagined participation in the experience of others
heretical
different from conventional beliefs and standards
unctuous
smooth and greasy in appearance; suave
precocious
unusually advanced or mature in development
apocryphal
of doubtful authorship or authenticity
spurious
not genuine, authentic, or true; counterfeit
bombastic
inflated; pretentious
gregarious
fond of the company of others; sociable
taciturn
reserved, quiet
abstemious
characterized by abstinence; temperate in diet
descry
spot something difficult to see
irreverent
disrespectful; likely to offend, but having mass appeal
jocose
characterized by joking; humorous; playful
discomfiture
confusion; embarrassment; frustration of hopes or plans
concatenate
to link together; unite in a series or chain
confluence
a coming together of people or things
machiavellian
characterized by subtle or unscrupulous cunning, deception, expediency, or dishonesty
marginalize
to place in a position of little importance, influence, or power
titillate
to stimulate or excite pleasantly
pugnacious
aggressive, combative, war-like, belligerent
insurrection
an organized opposition to authority; a mutiny
fastidious
excessively particular, critical, or demanding
vernacular
the language of a people; everyday speech
histrionics
exaggerated, overemotional behaviour to elicit a response
treatise
a systematic, usually extensive written discourse on a subject
stoicism
indifference to pleasure or pain; impassiveness
sequitur
a logical conclusion or consequence of facts
byzantine
complex or intricate; characterized by elaborate scheming and intrigue
slipshod
careless; untidy; seedy
adroit
skillful
decedent
a deceased person
effigy
a representation or image, esp. of someone disliked
imperious
domineering; arrogant; overbearing
turpitude
vile, shameful, or base character
duplicity
deceitfulness in speech or conduct
mutiny
organized rebellion against an authority
munificent
extremely liberal in giving; very generous
sumptuous
magnificent; suggesting abundance and great cost
bequest
the act of giving or leaving personal property by a will; a legacy
debauchery
indulgence in sensual pleasures
hedonistic
pleasure-centered
picayune
having little value
base
low; inferior
superimpose
to project one image over another
cache
hide
expurgate
to remove words or content that is felt to be offensive
contrite
remorseful
contrived
unnatural; forced
adjunct
joined or associated, esp. in an auxiliary or subordinate relationship
macabre
horrible; grim
farcical
absurd; ridiculously clumsy
debonair
carefree and self-confident in manner; elegant and gracious
penchant
a strong liking
deplete
to use up gradually
chicanery
the use of tricks or clever talk to deceive or evade
feisty
aggressive; lively; energetic
mitigate
to make less severe; to become milder
gull
to cheat; to fool or hoax
nadir
lowest point
equivocal
ambiguous; intentionally vague
genealogy
family history
impervious
incapable of being affected
filial
of, relating to, or befitting a son or daughter
salient
prominent, conspicuous; relevant; jumping
inveterate
deep-seated or firmly established
cursory
performed rapidly without attention to details; hasty
ludicrous
so ridiculous that it is laughable
mawkish
overly sentimental; disgusting
restitution
restoring something to its rightful owner, or compensating for a loss or damage
compatriot
one of the same country, or having similar interests or feelings
halcyon
calm; quiet; peaceful; undisturbed; happy
inchoate
formless; partially in existence or operation
redolent
fragrant; spreading sweet scent
colloquy
mutual discourse; conference; conversation
sagacity
wisdom
ursine
bear-like
recalcitrant
showing opposition
mores
customs; habits
gentrification
improvement; remodeling to make it more affluent
diffident
hesitant and timid; unassertive
probity
virtue; integrity; moral excellence
ribald
base; filthy; obscene
lugubrious
mournful; ridiculously sorrowful
locution
talk; speech
burgeon
grow vigorously; expand greatly
philistine
a person deficient in liberal culture and refinement
purvey
to supply, generally in a business context
disabuse
to free someone from false ideas
quotidian
commonplace, ordinary; daily
intractable
not easily governed, managed, or directed
assiduous
performed with constant diligence or attention; persistent
negotiable
able to be passed or transferred
proponent
one who makes a proposal or lays down a proposition
allegory
a work of art in which a secondary meaning underlies the obvious message
incidental
loosely associated; existing as a byproduct or accident
subsidiary
supplementary; subordinate or secondary
correspondent
consistent, similar, or analogous
immutable
unchangeable; changeless
cleave
to adhere closely; to stick; to hold fast; to cling
anterior
before in time; antecedent; before, or toward the front
unequivocal
not doubtful; not ambiguous; evident
trite
lacking in freshness or effectiveness because of constant use or excessive repetition
impetus
a moving force; impulse; stimulus
recalcitrant
showing opposition
wizened
dried; shriveled; withered
perfidious
Violating good faith or vows; false to trust; treacherous
urbane
Courteous in manners; polite; refined; elegant
vacillate
To waver in mind or opinion; to be unsteady
machinations
Complex dealings and schemes
expiation
Atonement, the making of amends
deference
An attitude of yielding one's opinion to another's wishes
viable
capable of living
assuage
to calm; to pacify
iconoclast
One who challenges and criticizes established beliefs
supplicant
One who entreats or asks submissively
inimical
Hostile, opposed. Acting against, adverse and damaging
empathic
Showing concern or shared feeling
proviso
Clause in a contract or agreement that introduces a condition
stalwart
strong in body and mind
effulgent
shining forth brilliantly; radiant
palliate
to relieve or lessen without curing; mitigate; alleviate
pithy
brief, forceful, and meaningful in expression; full of vigor, substance, or meaning; terse; forcible
Zeitgeist
the spirit of the time; general trend of thought or feeling characteristic of a particular period of time
pedestrian
lacking in vitality, imagination, distinction, etc.; commonplace; prosaic or dull
nuance
a subtle difference or distinction in expression, meaning, response, etc
sycophant
a self-seeking, servile flatterer; fawning parasite
sedulous
diligent; persevering
ambivalence
uncertainty or fluctuation, esp. when caused by inability to make a choice or by a simultaneous desire to say or do two opposite or conflicting things
subvert
to overthrow; to cause the downfall of; to undermine
scruple
a moral or ethical consideration or standard that acts as a restraining force or inhibits certain actions
piebald
Mottled, having black and white spots
rhapsodize
to talk with extravagant enthusiasm
dilatory
tending to delay or procrastinate; slow; intended to cause delay
surreptitious
obtained, done, made, etc., by stealth; secret or unauthorized; clandestine
obstinate
stubbornly adhering to one's purpose, opinion, etc.; not easily controlled or overcome
impenitent
not feeling regret about one's sin or sins
discomfit
to confuse and deject; disconcert; to thwart plans of
obdurate
unmoved by persuasion, pity, or tender feelings; stubborn; unyielding
cerebral
characterized by the use of the intellect rather than intuition or instinct
enervate
to deprive of force or strength; destroy the vigor of; weaken
onerous
burdensome, oppressive, or troublesome; causing hardship
ineffable
incapable of being expressed or described in words; inexpressible
incisive
penetrating; cutting; biting; remarkably clear and direct
castigate
to reprimand or punish severely as to correct
inexorable
unyielding; unalterable; not to be persuaded
cozen
to cheat, deceive, or swindle
peripatetic
walking or traveling about
consummate
flawless or perfect; to bring to a state of perfection; fulfill
cronyism
the practice of favoring personal friends, esp. in political appointments
cupidity
Eager or excessive desire, especially for wealth; greed of gain
acrimonious
caustic, stinging, or bitter in nature, speech, behavior
misanthropy
a general dislike, distrust, or hatred of the human species
indolent
disinclined to exert oneself; habitually lazy
indignant
expressing strong displeasure at something considered unjust, offensive, insulting
exonerate
To free from blame; To free from a responsibility, obligation, or task
mercurial
unpredictably changeable
ephemeral
lasting one day only, or a very short time
insouciant
carefree
rictus
the gaping or opening of the mouth; a gaping grimace
sardonic
mocking; cynical; sneering
supercilious
Feeling or showing haughty disdain
juggernaut
An overwhelming force or movement that overcomes all resistance
reactionary
One who favors reaction, or seeks to undo political progress or revolution
adjunct
connected or attached to in a dependent, subordinate, or auxiliary manner, but not a part of
macabre
horrible; grim
farcical
absurd; ridiculously clumsy
debonair
carefree and self-confident in manner; elegant and gracious
penchant
a strong liking
deplete
to use up gradually
chicanery
trickery; the use of tricks or clever talk to deceive or evade
feisty
aggressive; lively; energetic
mitigate
to make less severe; to become milder
gull
to cheat; to fool or hoax
nadir
lowest point
equivocal
ambiguous; intentionally vague
genealogy
family history
impervious
incapable of being affected
filial
of, relating to, or befitting a son or daughter
daub
to paint coarsely or unskillfully
admonish
to warn; to caution in counsel; to advise
obeisance
a bow or similar gesture expressing deep respect
cache
a concealed store of goods or valuables
affliction
anything causing great suffering
mendicant
a beggar
aphorism
a saying; a concise statement of a truth or principle
oscillate
to swing or move back and forth like a pendulum
delete
to take out; to remove
oust
to drive out; expel; deprive
impermeable
not permitting passage (especially of fluids)
paean
a fervent expression, or song, of joy and praise
imperturbable
not easily excited, even under pressure
lax
careless or negligent
palpable
obvious; capable of being touched or felt
pariah
a social outcast
fluent
able to express oneself easily and clearly
cavort
to leap about in a sprightly manner; romp
pedagogue
a schoolteacher
melee
a noisy, confused fight
ensue
to follow as a result
desecrate
to damage a holy place; to treat with irreverence
personification
a person or thing that represents an idea
bias
a prejudiced view (either for or against); a preference
aloof
reserved, distant
gyrate
to rotate or revolve quickly; to spiral
fiat
an official order
fidelity
faithfulness
rambunctious
unruly; uncontrollable
hilarity
gaiety; joviality
harlequin
fancifully varied in color, decoration, etc.; having a diamond pattern
intrinsic
Of or relating to the essential nature of a thing; ingrained; inherent
genocide
the deliberate destruction of a group of people
zaftig
having a full, shapely figure
predilection
a preference toward someone or something
faux
artificial; false; not genuine
foray
a surprise attack
conjecture
a judgment or opinion based on little or questionable evidence
allocate
to distribute, to allot, or designate
gratis
free; without charge
materialistic
wanting material possessions
belabor
to work at something beyond practicality; to overstress
progeny
offspring; children
quintessential
the most typical ; ideal
rudimentary
basic; not refined or well developed
monolithic
massive, uniform, and solid
manifesto
a public declaration of policies or intentions
tantamount
of essentially equal value or significance
subversive
in opposition to authority or government
conducive
tending to cause or bring about
amenable
agreeable; responsive to suggestion or advice
stricture
a restraint or limit
sedentary
characterized by or requiring sitting; motionless
influx
an inward flow
rigorous
severe; relentless; harsh
patina
a sheen on a surface resulting from age and use
placebo
a fake drug used in the testing of medication
junta
a military group ruling a country after seizing power
pinnacle
a peak or climax
mollify
to reduce, soothe, or calm
perjury
the act of lying under oath
plaintive
expressing sorrow; mournful
impasse
a problem or predicament with no obvious resolution
wunderkind
one who excels in a difficult field at a young age
acumen
ability to discern or discriminate
nanotechnology
the use of single atoms and molecules to construct microscopic devices
notarize
to certify legally
piquant
a strong, stimulating taste
malodorous
having an offensive odor
pungent
a sharp taste; acrid
erroneous
incorrect; mistaken
concurrent
happening at the same time
negligible
of little importance; insignificant
renege
to break a promise or obligation; revoke
precept
a rule of action; a principle to live by
visage
a face or facial expression
irrevocable
impossible to retract or revoke; irreversible
countenance
appearance, esp. the look or expression of the face
magnate
a person of great influence, importance, or standing in a particular enterprise, field of business, etc.
confute
to argue or point out error
meritorious
deserving of an award or honor
mezzanine
the lowest balcony in a theater; a partial story between main stories in a building
tribulation
an affliction, trouble, or difficult experience
recumbent
resting or lying down
dynasty
a succession of rulers from the same family or group
purport
to claim; to have or to give the false impression of being
forte
an area of expertise or strength
kleptomania
a continual urge to steal regardless of economic motive
renown
state of being well known and honored; fame
ineffable
too sacred or great to be described; indescribable
fortitude
strength in adversity
botch
to ruin through clumsiness; to bungle
perennial
lasting indefinitely
brinkmanship
pushing dangerous situations to the edge of disaster rather than conceding
concede
to acknowledge as true, just, or proper; admit
incorrigible
not corrigible; bad beyond correction or reform
exigency
the state or quality of requiring much effort or immediate action; a pressing or urgent situation
beatific
bestowing bliss, blessings, happiness, or the like; blissful; saintly
indelible
Impossible to remove, erase, or wash away; permanent; memorable
mercenary
working or acting merely for money or other reward
venal
open to bribery; able to be purchased, as by a bribe
commensurate
having the same measure; of equal extent or duration; corresponding in amount, magnitude, or degree
peremptory
leaving no opportunity for denial or refusal; imperious or dictatorial
provisional
temporary; tentative
stolid
not easily stirred or moved mentally; unemotional; impassive
diaphanous
very sheer and light; almost completely transparent
oblique
Not straightforward; indirect; obscure; disingenuous
inexorable
unyielding; unalterable; not to be persuaded or moved
suffuse
To spread through or over, as with liquid, color, or light
sepulchral
# Of or relating to a burial vault or a receptacle for sacred relics; suggestive of the grave
magnanimous
generous in forgiving an insult or injury; free from petty resentfulness or vindictiveness; noble
utilitarian
having regard to utility or usefulness rather than beauty, ornamentation, etc.
insidious
intended to entrap or beguile; stealthily treacherous or deceitful
laconic
using few words; concise
voluble
characterized by a ready and continuous flow of words
plebeian
common, commonplace, or vulgar; pertaining to the common people
injunction
a command; order; admonition
collusion
a secret agreement, esp. for fraudulent or treacherous purposes; conspiracy
hubris
excessive pride or self-confidence; arrogance
indomitable
Incapable of being overcome, subdued, or vanquished; unconquerable
indeterminate
not precisely fixed in extent; indefinite; uncertain
fortuitous
lucky; happening or produced by chance; accidental
elucidate
to make lucid or clear; throw light upon; explain
bloviate
to speak pompously
comportment
personal bearing or conduct; demeanor; behavior
decorous
Satisfying the demands of polite society; proper, correct
altruism
Regard for others, both natural and moral; devotion to the interests of others; human kindness
traduce
to speak maliciously and falsely of; slander; defame
anathema
a person or thing detested or loathed
syncretic
the attempted reconciliation or union of different or opposing principles, practices, or parties, as in philosophy or religion
perspicacity
keenness of mental perception and understanding
perspicuity
clearness or lucidity, as of a statement
irascible
easily provoked to anger; very irritable