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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. If children cannot grasp the principle of conservation, they are unable to
    A) deal with the discipline of toilet training.
    B) see things from the point of view of another person.
    C) recognize that the quantity of a substance remains the same despite changes in its shape.
    D) retain earlier schemas when confronted by new experiences.
  2. Compared with fraternal twins, identical twins are much more similar in
    A) extraversion.
    B) neuroticism.
    C) temperament.
    D) all of these: extraversion, neuroticism, temperament
  3. At about 8 months, children become increasingly likely to react to newcomers with tears and distress. This best illustrates
    A) assimilation.
    B) insecure attachment.
    C) egocentrism.
    D) stranger anxiety.
  4. Depending on environmental conditions, specific genes can be either
    A) proteins or chemicals.
    B) active or inactive.
    C) identical or fraternal.
    D) structured or unstructured.
  5. Which of the following is an example of imprinting?
    A) A 2-year-old poodle approaches a stranger who calls it.
    B) A 4-year-old boy imitates aggression he sees on television.
    C) A duckling demonstrates attachment to a bouncing ball.
    D) A 3-year-old girl is simultaneously learning two different languages
  1. a B) active or inactive.
  2. b D) all of these: extraversion, neuroticism, temperament
  3. c D) stranger anxiety.
  4. d C) A duckling demonstrates attachment to a bouncing ball.
  5. e C) recognize that the quantity of a substance remains the same despite changes in its shape

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. C) are not very similar to the personalities of their adoptive parents.
  2. A) marijuana; hallucinogen
  3. C) the interaction of nature and nurture.
  4. C) promote obesity and impair memory.
  5. C) dual processing.

5 True/False questions

  1. A behavior geneticist would be most interested in studying hereditary influences on
    A) skin color.
    B) speech patterns
    C) physical attractiveness.
    D) personality traits.
    D) home environment than by peers.

          

  2. Young teens are most likely to start smoking in order to
    A) gain social acceptance.
    B) trigger the release of lymphocytes.
    C) reduce their mental alertness.
    D) reduce their blood pressure.
    B) dehydration

          

  3. Every nongenetic influence, from prenatal nutrition to the people and things around us, in an aspect of our
    A) temperament.
    B) genome.
    C) environment.
    D) natural selection.
    C) environment.

          

  4. According to Piaget, egocentrism refers to
    A) a sensorimotor need for self-stimulation, as evidenced in thumb sucking.
    B) young children's exaggerated interest in themselves and their own pleasure.
    C) the difficulty perceiving things from another person's point of view.
    D) the difficulty realizing that things continue to exist even when they are not visible
    C) the difficulty perceiving things from another person's point of view

          

  5. Psychologist Simon Baron-Cohen has proposed that autism is indicative of an inborn
    A) stranger anxiety.
    B) resilience.
    C) infantile amnesia.
    D) male systemizing tendency.
    A) decreases the brain's production of endorphins.

          

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