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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. When Tommy's mother hides his favorite toy under a blanket, he acts as though it no longer exists and makes no attempt to retrieve it. Tommy is clearly near the beginning of Piaget's ________ stage.
    A) sensorimotor
    B) formal operational
    C) concrete operational
    D) preoperational
  2. If children cannot grasp the principle of conservation, they are unable to
    A) deal with the discipline of toilet training.
    B) see things from the point of view of another person.
    C) recognize that the quantity of a substance remains the same despite changes in its shape.
    D) retain earlier schemas when confronted by new experiences.
  3. The labels "easy," "difficult," and "slow-to-warm-up" are used to refer to differences in an infant's
    A) genome.
    B) fitness.
    C) temperament.
    D) adaptability
  4. Consciousness is
    A) the ability to solve problems, reason, and remember.
    B) the process of organizing and interpreting sensory information.
    C) effortless encoding of incidental information into memory.
    D) our awareness of ourselves and our environment.
  5. Heritability refers to the extent to which
    A) unrelated individuals share common genes.
    B) genetic mutations can be transmitted to one's offspring.
    C) trait differences among individuals are attributable to genetic variations.
    D) adult personality is determined by infant temperament.
  1. a D) our awareness of ourselves and our environment
  2. b C) trait differences among individuals are attributable to genetic variations
  3. c C) temperament.
  4. d A) sensorimotor
  5. e C) recognize that the quantity of a substance remains the same despite changes in its shape

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. B) conservation.
  2. B) cognitive neuroscience
  3. C) A duckling demonstrates attachment to a bouncing ball.
  4. D) delta waves
  5. A) stared longer at the outcome.

5 True/False questions

  1. The study of the relative power and limits of genetic and environmental influences on behavior and personality traits is known as
    A) molecular genetics.
    B) evolutionary psychology.
    C) behavior genetics.
    D) heritability.
    C) behavior genetics.

          

  2. You spend about half your night in stage __ sleep.
    A) 1
    B) 2
    C) 3
    D) 4
    D) more likely to smoke and more likely to drink alcohol as teens.

          

  3. Alcohol consumption tends to
    A) decrease self-awareness and increase impulse control.
    B) increase self-awareness and decrease impulse control.
    C) increase self-awareness and increase impulse control.
    D) decrease self-awareness and decrease impulse control.
    B) heightened openness to suggestion.

          

  4. At about 8 months, children become increasingly likely to react to newcomers with tears and distress. This best illustrates
    A) assimilation.
    B) insecure attachment.
    C) egocentrism.
    D) stranger anxiety.
    D) stranger anxiety.

          

  5. A rewarding consequence of cigarette smoking is that it reduces
    A) blood pressure and heart rate.
    B) sensitivity to pain.
    C) mental alertness.
    D) the release of epinephrine into the bloodstream.
    B) active or inactive.