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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Compared with identical twins, fraternal twins are ________ similar in neuroticism and ________ similar in risk of divorcing.
    A) more; less
    B) less; more
    C) more; more
    D) less; less
  2. One biological basis for addiction involves deficiencies in the brain's natural ________ reward system.
    A) sensory
    B) dopamine
    C) motor
    D) melatonin
  3. One naturalistic observation of pedestrians found that half of the people on cellphones exhibit unsafe road crossing. This illustrates the impact of
    A) the pop-out phenomenon.
    B) selective attention.
    C) priming.
    D) choice blindness.
  4. By triggering the release of epinephrine and norepinephrine, ________ boosts alertness and diminishes appetite.
    A) alcohol
    B) heroin
    C) nicotine
    D) ghrelin
  5. The release of stored serotonin and the eventual damage of serotonin-producing neurons is most closely associated with the long-term use of
    A) alcohol.
    B) Ecstasy.
    C) morphine.
    D) barbiturates.
  1. a B) selective attention
  2. b C) nicotine
  3. c D) less; less
  4. d B) dopamine
  5. e B) Ecstasy.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. B) slow and especially effective for solving new problems.
  2. C) our nervous system is highly active, while our voluntary muscles hardly move.
  3. C) sleep spindles
  4. C) the interaction of nature and nurture.
  5. D) methamphetamine "speed"

5 True/False questions

  1. Soon after taking a psychoactive drug, Zachary experienced a diminished appetite, an increased pulse rate, dilated pupils, and feelings of self-confidence and euphoria. Zachary most likely experienced the effects of
    A) heroin.
    B) cocaine.
    C) LSD.
    D) marijuana.
    B) cocaine.


  2. Consciousness is
    A) the ability to solve problems, reason, and remember.
    B) the process of organizing and interpreting sensory information.
    C) effortless encoding of incidental information into memory.
    D) our awareness of ourselves and our environment.
    C) molecule


  3. Amphetamines are to ________ as barbiturates are to ________.
    A) hallucinogens; depressants
    B) stimulants; depressants
    C) hallucinogens; stimulants
    D) stimulants; hallucinogens
    A) marijuana; hallucinogen


  4. The Russian psychologist Vygotsky suggested that children's ability to solve problems is enhanced by
    A) basic trust.
    B) interaction with the social environment
    C) conservation.
    D) imprinting.
    C) religious beliefs; personality traits


  5. One variation in the autism spectrum is characterized by normal intelligence, often accompanied by exceptional skill in a particular area, but deficient social and communication skills. This disorder is called
    A) egocentrism.
    B) infantile amnesia.
    C) Alzheimer's disease.
    D) Asperger syndrome
    B) self-regulating