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2nd Tesr

Decision Making in Congress

-Dependent on the Legislative System and flows of information
-sets the bounds of aquiscence on member decision making (concensus mode of decision making)
-imp. flows/set of boundaries =contintuency + Party

Individual Behavior in Congress

- a concern = good policy
- Concern for re-election=consesrvative actions
- Advertsing, credit claiming + position taking

Outlines of the Presidency

- Implements Policy
-Head of State
-Dominates foreign Policy
-"Issue Myopia"
-Political + Administrative lines of authority
-Big R reform

Key Institutional Features (the Presidency)

-Commander in chief of the Millitary
-Execute Laws
-Make treaties
-Appoint 3000 positions
-35 yrs old, natural born citizen, lived 14ys in US
-4 yr term, limited to 2 terms, by the 22nd amendment

Real Power of the President

- Leadership
- Proffesional Reputation
- Public Prestige

Persepectives On Understanding the Presidency

-institutional vs. individual
-governing vs. campaigning
-Going Public
-Legislative Strategy
-Administrative Strategy

The Individual vs, The Institution

- President's Individual characteresitics have to confront their insitituion and how it relates to congress and the judiciary
-Individial meets Institution with Presidential Management Styles

FDR's Legacy

- increaded informational Prowess by Braintrust
- President as agenda setter
- made the Presidency an Institution
- he made all the people underneath him
- Presidency is centralized (heirachy)
- 1 or 3 peole have power other than Pres.

Competitive Advisory System (Institution- Presidential Management Styles)

- Fostered rivalries among advisors
- Everyone responsible for everything
- President is at the Center
- Favored Policies that were doable
- High time burden + workload
- FDR only Pres. to pull it off

Formalistic Systen (Institution- Presidential Management Styles)

- Originated with Eisenhower
- Delagated Power to those underneath him (small problems never made it to Pres.)
- Distorted information the Pres. received (all was from elite experts and none from the public)

Collegial System (Institution- Presidential Management Style)

- originated with Kennedy
- Pres. connected to all advisors & all advisors connected to each other
- Problems + Solutions by working together

The Institution (of The Presidency)

- organized by function for executing law
- bureaucracy part of executive branch
- coordinate Policymaking across the major functions of gvt.

The Institution- Vice President + White Houst Staff

- they do as much as the Pres. wants them do
- folks that Pres. consults + sees daily
- white house staff influential in navigating Politics

The Institution- Fucntions of the Executive Branch

- Pres. Cabinet (not mentioned in the constitution)
- Implementing Big 'R' reform

Campaigning Vs Governing

- Focus on Individual vs on agenda
- Point is to sell Ideas vs. requires cutting deals
- Maybe 'ad hoc' vs. requires a plan
- Public is important vs. Policy elites
- Malleable + Fluid vs. fixed institutions

Going Public - The Bully Pulpit ( strategies for governing)

- affected by economic performance + foreign events
- risky strategy
- falls on deaf ears
- not a good strategy

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