Upgrade to remove ads
Milady's Esthetics Chapter 10 Disorders of the Skin
Terms in this set (86)
A chronic inflammatory skin disorder of the sebaceous glands that is characterized by comedones and blemishes; also known as acne simplex or acne vulgaris
a disorder where clients purposely scrape off acne lesions, causing scarring and discoloration
pink or flesh colored precancerous lesions that feel sharp or rough, usually as the result of sun damage
the absence of melanin pigment in the body, including skin, hair, and eyes
a deficiency in perspiration, often a result of a fever or skin disease, that requires medical treatment
dry, scaly skin from sebum deficiency, which can be due to aging, body disorders, alkalies of harsh soaps, or cold exposure
dermatitis is genetically related to overreactive immune systems and is prevalent in people with nasal allergies and asthma
pinkeye; very contagious
basal cell carcinoma
the most common and the least sever of skin cancer, which often appears as light, pearly nodules
foul smelling perspiration, usually in the armpits or the feet
a large blister containing watery fluid; similar to a vesicle, but larger
a large circumscribed inflammation of the subcutaneous tissue caused by staphylococci; similar to a furuncle (boil) but larger
increased pigmentation; liver spots
a tendency to clog follicles and cause a buildup of dead skin cells, resulting in comedones
an ope comedo or blackhead; a mass of hardened subum and skin cells in a hair follicle
an inflammatory skin condition caused by contact with a substance or chemical.
dead cells form over a wound or blemish while its healing, resulting in an accumulation of sebum and pus, sometimes mixed with epidermal material.
a closed, abnormally developed sac containing fluid, infection, or other matter above or below the skin.
any inflammatory condition of the skin. lesions, eczema, vesicles, or papules
physician who treats skin disorders and diseases
branch of science that studies and treats the skin and its disorders.
an inflammatory, painful, itching disease of the skin, acute or chronic in nature, with dry or moist lesions.
swelling caused by a response to injury or infection
redness caused by inflammation; a red lesion is erythemic
a skin sore or abrasion produced by scratching or scraping
a crack in the skin that penetrates the dermis. chapped hands or lips are fissures
inflammation of the hair follicle
a subcutaneous abscess filled with pus, boil. caused by bacteria in the glands of the hair follicle
herpes simplex virus 1
fever blisters or cold sores, recurring, contagious, viral infection consisting of a vesicle or group of vesicles on a red, swollen base.
herpes simplex virus 2
this strain of herpes virus infects the genitals
shingles, a painful skin condition from the chickenpox virus; characterized by blisters that form a rash
excessive perspiration caused by heat or body weakness.
a thickening of the skin caused by a mass of keratinized cells (keratinocytes)
overproduction of pigment
an abnormal growth; many are benign, or harmless
lack of pigment
a contagious bacterial infection often occurring in children; characterized by clusters of small blisters
a thick scar resulting from excessive growth of fibrous tissue (collagen)
cells composed of keratin
an acquire, thickened patch of epidermis. A callus caused by pressure or friction is a keratoma.
abnormally thick build up of cells
redness and bumpiness in the cheeks or upper arms; caused by blocked follicle
freckles; small yellow-brown colored spots. Lentigenes that result from sunlight exposure are actinic, or solar lentigenes. patches are referred to as large macules.
structural changes in tissues caused by damage or injury
light, abnormal patches caused by a burn or congenital disease that destroys the pigment producing cells. vitiligo and albinism are leukodermas
a flat spot or discoloration on the skin, such as a freckle, macules are neither raised nor sunken
the most serious from of skin cancer. Black or dark patches on the skin are usually uneven in texture, jagged or even raised.
term for hyperpigmentation; pregnancy mask is often called melasma, triggered by hormonal changes and may fade with time.
also called whiteheads, milia are whitish, pearl like masses of sebum and dead cells under the skin, more common in dry skin types and may form after skin trauma, such as laser resurfacing.
prickly heat; acute inflammatory disorder of the sweat glands resulting in the eruption of red vesicles and burning, itching skin from excessive heat exposure.
a brownish spot ranging in color from tan to bluish black. Some are float, resembling freckles; others are raised and darker.
a birthmark or mole; malformation of the skin due to abnormal pigmentation or dilated capillaries.
also referred to as tumors, but these are smaller bumps caused by conditions such as scar tissue, fatty deposits, or infections.
a pimple; small elevation on the skin that contains no fluid but may develop pus.
an acne like condition around the mouth. These are mainly small clusters of papules that could be caused by toothpaste or products used on the face.
primary lesions are characterized by flat, non palpable changes in the skin color such as macules or patches, or an elevation formed by fluid in a cavitity such as vesicles, bullae, or pustules.
the medical term for itching
often referred to as razor bumps; resembles folliculitus without the pus
a skin disease characterized by red patches covered with white silver scales. over proliferation of skin cells that replicate to fast. usually found in patches on the scalp, elbow, knees, chest, and lower back.
an inflamed papule with a white or yellow center containing pus, a fluid consisting of white blood cells, bacteria, and other debris from infection.
hereditary factor in which dead skin cells do not shed from the follicles as they do on normal skin.
inflammation of the skin; chronic congestion primarily on the cheeks and nose. redness, dilation of blood vessels, and in severe cases, the formation of papules and pustules.
flaky skin cells; any thin plate of epidermal flakes, dry or oily. i.e, excessive dandruff
light colored, slightly raised mark on the skin formed after an injury or lesion of the skin has healed.The tissue hardens to heal the injury. Elevated scars are hypertrophic; a keloid is a hypertrophic (abnormal) scar
benign lesions frequently seen in oilier areas of the face. An overgrowth of the sebaceous gland, they appear similar to open comedones; often doughnut shaped, with sebaceous material in the center.
severe oiliness of the skin; and abnormal secretion from the sebaceous glands.
a common form of eczema
skin damage, developed in the later stages of disease, that changes the structure of tissues or organs
small outgrowths or extensions of the skin that look like flaps. They are benign and are common under the arms or on the neck.
squamous cell carcinoma
more serious than basal cell carcinoma; characterized by scaly red papules or nodules.
brown or wine colored discoloration. Stains occur after certain diseases, or after moles, freckles, or liver spots disappear. A port wine stain is a birthmark, which is a vascular type of nevus
a sebaceous cyst or subcutaneous tumor filled with sebum; ranges in size from a pea to an orange; appears on the scalp, neck, and back; also called a wen.
an increase in pigmentation due to the melanin production that results from exposure to UV rays.
describes capillaries that have been damaged and are now larger, distended blood vessels; couperose skin
a fungal infection
a contagious infection that forms a ringed, red pattern with elevated edges.
yeast infection that inhibits melanin production.
an abnormal rounded, solid lump; larger than a papule
a large nodule; an abnormal cell mass resulting from excessive cell multiplication and varying in size, shape, and color.
an open lesion on the skin or mucous membrane of the body, accompained by puss and loss of skin depth. A deep erosion; a depression in the skin, normally due to infection or cancer.
vascular dilation of blood vessels
a wart; hypertrophy of the papillae and epidermis caused by a virus. It is infectious and contagious
a small blister or sac containing clear fluid. poision ivy and poision oak produce vesicles
white spots or areas on the skin from lack of pigment cells; sunlight makes it worse.
an itchy, swollen lesion caused by a blow, insect bite, skin allergy reaction, or stings. Hives and mosquito bites are wheals. Hives (urticaria) can be caused by exposure to allergens used in products.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Milady's Chapter 10 Disorders and Diseases of the…
Milady's Esthetics Chapter 8 Review questions.
Milady's Esthetics Chapter 9 Review Questions
Milady's Esthetics Chapter 10 Disorders of the Skin
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Chapter 11 Terms
Milady Esthetics Chapter 11: disorders and disease…
Chapter 11- Diseases and Disorders
Skin diseases & Disorders
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Chapter 2 An Overview of the Nervous System
Chapter 1 Management
Milady's Esthetics Chapter 18
Milady's Esthetics Chapter 17
OTHER QUIZLET SETS
ISA 235 Final Terms
APHG Chapter 10: Agriculture
Cognitive exam 4