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Contain the atoms C, H, O in a 1:2:1 ratio. Used for energy, for structure and some are building blocks of RNA and DNA. Deoxyribose, ribose, Fructose, galactose, glucose
A chemical reaction in which molecules are joined together to build larger molcules. A water molecule is removed between the two seperate molecules in the process.
Two monosaccharides combined through dehydration synthesis. Examples: Lactose, sucrose, maltose
Double covalent bond
Bonds in which two electrons are being shared from each of the atoms forming the bond. C=C
Groups of atoms that grant special characteristics to a molecule when they are attached to the carbon backbone. Amino, hydroxyl, carboxyl, aldehyde, ketone, phosphate, sulfhydryl
A monosaccharide. Makes up the disaccharide lactose found in milk. Can be converted to energy by our cells.
A polysaccharide. A polymer of glucose. Carbohydrate storage molecule in animals. Stored in the liver and muscle cells.
A breakdown reaction that requires the addition of water. Ex. Breakdown of a disaccharide to a monosaccharide
When a molecule is attracted to water it is called _____. Carbohydrates are an example of ______ molecules. These molecules are polar and have charges
When a molecule is repelled by water it is called _____. Lipids are an example of ______ molecules. These molecules are not polar and do not have charges.
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