Terms in this set (43)
The largest interior space in a Roman house. It is completely covered by a roof except for the central section which is left open to the sky.
An oval arena completely surrounded by gradually rising rose of seats
A pipeline specifically built to carry water
The shaft on which a wheel revolves
The heated area of the thermae containing hot water pools
The main north- south road through a Roman city
A Roman military camp usually square or rectangular in shape.
The steep semicircular seating area of the theater.
A temporary wooden arch over which a brick or stone arch is constructed. When the mortar sets between the bricks or stones of the permanent arch, the centering is removed.
A long wooden surveying instrument used for general siting as well as determining the profile of the land.
A large underground sewer in the form of a tunnel.
A water tight enclosure constructed in a river or lake. The water is pumped out of the cofferdam enabling laborers to work directly on the river or lake bed.
Recessed areas in a concrete vault or dome which reduce the weight of the roof.
A row of columns supporting a horizontal beam or a roof.
The opening in the roof of the atrium.
An extremely strong building material made by combining stones of varying sizes and mortar.
The alternating high and low sections of stonework along the top of a defensive wall. The defender is protected behind the high sections while firing his weapon over the lower sections.
The main east-west road through a Roman city.
A workshop in which metal is heated in a furnace and hammered into shapes for tools and instruments.
The government and religious center of a Roman city consisting of an open meeting area surrounded by buildings and colonnades.
The area of the thermae containing cold water pools.
The vault created by the intersection of two tunnel vaults at right angles to each other.
A surveying instrument consisting of a pole and a horizontal cross from which hang four weighted strings. When the strings hang parallel to the pole the instrument is known to be perfectly vertical and the roads and walls could then be accurately laid out on the ground by sitting along the arms of the cross.
The chamber under a raised floor into which hot gases were piped in order to heat the floor.
The pool in the floor of the atrium which collected the water that fell through the compluvium.
A Roman city block, usually square or rectangular in shape.
The central locking stone at the top of an arch.
A mixture of sand, lime and water used to cement stones and bricks together. When it dries it becomes very hard.
A round opening or window.
The open courtyard or garden in a Roman house surrounded by a colonnade.
A free-standing brick, stone or concrete structure similar to a column but usually thicker, used to support an arch.
A tree trunk stripped of bark and pointed at one end that is then driven into a river bed or marshy area in the construction of a cofferdam or is used to create a sturdy base for a pier.
The open strip of land along the inner face of the wall around a Roman city. It served as the sacred boundary within which the land was thought to be protected by the gods.
A metal-clad timber grill which could be lowered to seal off the gates of the city.
A gravelly substance mixed with regular mortar, enabling it to harden under water.
A drawing which outlines the surface of the land showing the height and depth of hills and valleys.
A raised platform from which speeches are delivered.
The heated area of the thermae containing warm water pools.
Roman public baths
A wooden frame used to bridge a space too wide to be bridged by a single beam.
A continuous semicircular ceiling or roof.
A canvas roof drawn over a theater or amphitheater to protect the spectators from the sun.
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