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Comparing Bits and Pieces
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Terms in this set (19)
ratio
The quantitative relation between two amounts showing the number of times one value contains or is contained within the other.
rate
A ratio that compares two quantities measured in different units
tape diagram
A drawing that looks like a segment of tape, used to illustrate number relationships.
fraction strip
A strip of paper that shows how a length can represent that different fractions can name the same part of a whole
fraction
A number that names part of a whole.
percent
A ratio that compares a number to 100. When in fraction form, the denominator is always 100.
benchmark
A reference number that can be used to estimate the size of other numbers.
absolute value
The distance from 0 a number is on the number line.
denominator
The bottom number in a fraction that tells how many equal sized pieces the whole has been split into.
numerator
The top number in a fraction that tells how many pieces of the whole have been counted or considered.
equivalent fractions
Fractions that are equal in value, but may have different numerators and denominators.
estimate
To find an approximate answer that is relatively close to an exact amount.
improper fraction
A fraction whose numerator is larger than the denominator.
mixed number
A number represented by a whole number and a fraction
opposites
2 numbers whose sum is zero and are exactly the same distance from zero in opposite directions on a number line.
rate table
A table that shows the value of one item in terms of another item. It is used to show equivalent ratios of the two items.
rational number
Any number that can be written as the quotient of an integer and a non-zero integer.
unit fraction
A fraction with a numerator of 1.
unit rate
A rate in which the second number (or denominator) is 1.
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