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What was the first permanent English settlement in Virginia?
In what year was Jamestown founded?
Complete the sentence:
"Jamestown was primarily an ______________ venture.
economic venture --> tried to make money
Name three reasons that England wanted to establish a colony in America.
1. Find gold or silver
2. Gain power
3.Get more land than Spain
Who financed (gave money for) the settlement of Jamestown?
The Virgina Company of London
Name four reasons why the colonist chose the Jamestown site.
1. Near deep water
3.Thought it was near fresh water
4.Could be defended by attack by sea.
(from the Spanish)
Describe the land the Jamestown was located on in 1607. (the land information)
Peninsula, but now it is an island
The King of England had the power to grant ________________, allowing settlement in North America.
Why are the Virginia charters important?
Name 2 reasons.
1. Gave settlers the same rights as British Citizens
2. Right to claim land and create a settlement
In what year did the governor of Virginia call a meeting of the Virginia Assembly?
The Virginia Assembly was a system of government that included what three parts?
1. 2 burgesses or representatives from each division of Virginia- appointed and elected
3. Governor's Council
Describe the House of Burgesses. What was it made up of? What did it make possible?
It is a legislative group that creates laws made up of representatives from each division of Virginia.
In 1619 only adult ____________ were considered citizens.
What made it possible for the settlers to establish families and a more permanent settlement at Jamestown in 1620?
Women came to Jamestown in large numbers
By the 1640's, the burgesses became a separate legislative body, called the Virginia House of Burgesses
What group of people arrived in Jamestown against their will in 1619?
Africans from Angola
What is an indentured servant?
Someone working for a certain amount of time for no wages (salary)
What made it possible to expand the tobacco economy?
Inexpensive labor: slaves
What were three of the hardships that the settlers at Jamestown faced?
1. Starving time, no food
2. Sickness- malaria
3. Attacks from First Americans
4. Unsafe drinking water
5. Lacked the skills to survive
Name three changes that helped the colonist survive.
1. John Smith's forced work program
2. Supply ships
3. Emphasis on agriculture (farming)
What group of people established trading relationships with the English settlers at Jamestown and for a while had a positive interactions
Who initiated trading relationships with the Powhatan?
What goods did the Powhatan trade to the English?
What goods did the English trade to the Powhatan?
1. Copper for jewelry
Name 3ways in which the native peoples contributed to the survival of the Jamestown settlers
2. Taught farming skills
3. taught settlers about the land
What did the Powhatan people teach the English settlers?
How to grow crops and survival skills
The Powhatan people realized the English settlement would continue to grow. The Powhatan people saw the colonist as invaders that would take over the land.
The Powhatan introduced new crops to the English, including which two very important ones?
Tobacco and Corn
What cash crop transformed life in the Virginia colony and encouraged slavery?
What does the term "cash crop" mean?
An item grown to sell for money, not to eaten by the farmer.
The economy of the Virginia colony depended on agriculture as a primary source of wealth.
What became the most profitable agricultural product?
Where was tobacco sold?
Europe --> England
The successful planting of tobacco depended on a reliable and inexpensive source of labor - slaves. The Virginia colony became dependent on slave labor, and the dependence lasted a long time.
Describe the land that Jamestown is located on today?
An island but before it was a peninsula.
By what year had Jamestown become a more diverse colony?
1619 with the Portuguese ship of people from Angola, a country in Africa.
In what year did the governor of Virgina call a meeting of the Virginia Assembly?
What was the importance of the House of Burgesses to America?
First elected body in America and continues to today.
The House of Burgesses became the ________________, which continues to this day?
Fill in the blanks
________ sailors captures African men and women from what is present-day _____________.
We aren't sure if these early African men and women became servants or slaves in Virgina.
PORTUGUESE sailors captured African men and women from what is present day ANGOLA
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