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46 terms

Chapter 4 Part 2

STUDY
PLAY
adipose
fat, fatty
allergy
hypersensitivity to a substance
alopecia
loss of hair
bacteria (s. bacterium)
single celled micro organisims that reproduce by cell division and may cause infection by invading body tissue
cicatrix
scar
cytomegalovirus (CMV)
a herpes type virus that usually causes disease when the immune system is compromised
diaphoresis
profuse sweating
ecchymosis
escape of blood into the tissues, causing superficial discoloration, black and blue mark...a bruise
edema
puffy swelling of tissue from the accumulation of fluid
emollient
agent that softens or soothes the skin
erythema
redness
fungus
organisim that feeds by absorbing organic molecules from its surrounding and may cause infection by invading body tissues, single celled fungi, (yeast) reprodice by budding, multicelled fungi(mold) r
induration
abnormal hard spots
jaundice
condition of yellow tinge to the skin
keloid
`overgrowth of scar tissue
leukoplakia
condition characterized by white spots or patches on mucous membrane, which may be precancerous
nevus
circumscribed malformation of the skin, usually brown, black or flesh colored, congenetal nevus is present at birth, a birthmark, also called a mole
pallor
paleness
petechia
a pinpoint skin hemorrhage
pressure ulcer
eroded sore on the skin caused by prolonged pressure, often occurring in bedridden patients, also called a decubitus ulcer or bed sore
pruritus
severe itching
purpura
disorder characterized by hemorrphages into the tissue, giving the skin a purple red color
MACULE
flat colored spot on the skin, ex. freckle
PAPULE
small, solid skin elevation...ex. Skin tag, basal cell carcinoma
NODULE
a small knotlike mass ex. lipoma, metastatic carcinoma, rheumatoid nodule
WHEAL
round, itchy elevation of the skin ex urticaria (hive)
VESICLE
small elevation of epidermis containing liquid ex. shingles (herpes zosteer) Herpes simplex, and contact dematitis
PUSTULE
elevation of the skin containing pus ex. impetigo, acne
CYST
a closed sac containing fluid or semisolid material, ex. acne`
Ulcer
eroded sore on the skin, or mucous membrane
Verruca
circumscribed cutaneous elevation caused by a virus also called a WART
vesicle
small elevation of the epidermis containing liquid, blister
Virus
minute microorganism, much smaller than bacterium, characterized by a lack of independent metabolism and the ability to replicate only within living host cells
BCC
basal cell carsinoma
bx
biopsy
CMV
cytomegalovirus
decub
pressure ulcer
derm
dermatology
I&D
incision and drainage
ID
intradermal
SLE
systemic lupus erythematosus
sSqCCA
squamous cell carcinoma
Staph
staphylococcus
strep
streptococcus
subcut
subcutaneous
TD
transdermal