cell structure vocabulary
Terms in this set (17)
Also called the plasma membrane. A double-layered membrane that surrounds the cell. It regulates what enters and leaves the cell like a gate keeper.
The rigid, porous outer layer of plants (cellulose), fungi (chitin), and bacteria (peptidoglycan).
A bundle of microtubules that helps organize the movement of chromosomes during cell division. They look like barrels.
An organelle that converts the radiant energy of the sun into chemical energy through the process of photosynthesis. Found in plant cells. Green because of chlorophyll.
A jelly-like substance, composed mainly of water, occupying most of the space between the cell membrane and nucleus. (the gel of the cell)
The skeleton of the cell made of microtubules and microfilaments.
A network of passageways in which chemical compounds are manufactured, processed, and transported. Protein highway.
A stack of membranes that collects, modifies, and packages chemical compounds. Post office, receives, packages, and ships proteins in a vesicle.
A small sac, or vesicle, that contains digestive chemicals. Wrecking ball.
Organelles that, using oxygen, convert nutrients into energy (ATP) that can be used by the cell from cellular respiration. Powerhouse.
A double layered membrane that surrounds and protects the nucleus. Also called the nuclear envelope.
A small body inside the nucleus where ribosomes are synthesized (made).
A round body in the center of the cell that contains DNA and directs the cell's activities. control center.
A cell structure that performs a specific function.
Tiny structure where proteins are synthesized (made).
A type of vesicle that stores water, nutrients, and other chemicals. The large vacuole found in plant cells helps the cell maintain its shape.
Small, sac like package of nutrients, proteins, or water created by the golgi apparatus. Types of vesicles include vacuoles and lysosomes.