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32 terms

TAXONOMY, BACTERIA, PROTISTS,FUNGUS, PLANTS

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TAXONOMY
The science of classifying and naming organisms
BIONOMIAL NOMENCLATURE
A naming system in which each species is given two part scientific names
HETEROTROPH
organism that obtains its energy and nutrients consuming other organisms
AUTOROPH
An organism that obtains energy from abiotic energy
DECOMPOSER
detfitvore that breaks down organitic matter into similar compound
cladogram
Diagram that shows the evolutionary relationships
bacilli
rod shaped bacteria
cocci
sphere-shaped bacteria
spirilla
spiral shaped bacteria
vaccine
substance that stimulates an immune response
antiseptic
chemical that destroys pathogons outside the body
antibiotic
chemical that stops or slows down bacteria
flagellum
whiplike structure outside the cell that is used for movevment
cilia
short hair like structure that covers some but not all the cells surface
pseudopod
temporary extension of the cytoplasm and plasma membrane
protozoa
animal-like protists
algae
plantlike protists
gymnosperm
A plant that produces seeds that are enclosed by a protective fruit.
angiosperm
seed plant whos embryos are enclosed by a fruit
fruit
fertilized and mature overy of a flower
flower
reproductive organ of angiosperm
pollen grain
to cell structure that contains the male form of a gamete
seed
structure used bu some land plants to protect the embryo
asexual reproduction
process by which offspring are produced from a single parent
sexual reproduction
process where to gametes fuse and offspring are produced
chlorophyll
light absorbing pigment molecule in photosynthetic organisms
photosynthesis
light energy is produced into chemical energy
petal
A modified leaf that surrounds a flower
sepal
life that protects the flower
stamen
male structure of flowering plants
carpel
female structure of flowering plant
ovary
organin which female gametes develop prior to fertilization