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117 terms

Ch 6: Diseases, conditions, etc of the Urinary System

Urinary System
STUDY
PLAY
azotemia
condition of urea in the blood (a toxic condition) resulting from disease of the kidney in which waste products are in the blood that are normally excreted by the kidney (also called uremia)
uremia
condition of urea in the blood
cystitis
inflammation of the bladder
cystocele
protrustion of the bladder
cystolith
stone in the bladder
glomerulonephritis
inflammation of the glomeruli of the kidney
hydronephrosis
abnormal condition of water in the kidney (distention of the renal pelvis with urine because of an obstruction)
nephritis
inflammation of the kidney
nephroblastoma
kidney tumor containing developing cells (malignant tumor)
Wilms' tumor
nephroblastoma
nephrohypertrophy
excessive development (increase in size) of the kidney
nephrolithiasis
condition of stone(s) in the kidney
nephroma
tumor of the kidney
nephromegaly
enlargement of the kidney
nephroptosis
drooping kidney
pyelitis
inflammation of the renal pelvis
pyelonephritis
inflammation of the renal pelvis and kidney
ureteritis
inflammation of the ureter
ureterocele
protrusion of the ureter (distally into the bladder)
ureterolithiasis
condition of stones in the ureters
ureterostenosis
narrowing of the ureter
urethrocystitis
inflammation of the urethra and the bladder
epispadias
congenital defect in which the urinary meatus is located on the upper surface of the penis
hypospadias
congenital defect in which the urinary meatus is located on the underside of the penis, a similar defect can occur in the female
polycystic kidney disease
condition in which the kidney contains many cysts and is enlarged
renal calculus
stone in the kidney
renal failure
loss of kidney function resulting in its inability to remove waste products from the body and maintain electrolye balance
renal hypertension
elevated blood pressure resulting from kidney disease
urinary retention
abnormal accumulation of urine in the bladder because of an inability to urinate
urinary suppression
sudden stoppage of urine formation
urinary tract infection (UTI)
infection of one or more of the organs of the urinary tract
cystectomy
excision of the bladder
cystolithotomy
incision of the bladder to remove a stone
cystorrhaphy
suturing the bladder
cystostomy
creating an artificial opening into the bladder
cystotomy, vesicotomy
incision of the bladder
lithotripsy
surgical crushing of a stone
meatotomy
incision of the meatus
nephrectomy
excision of a kidney
nephrolithotomy
incision of the kidney to remove a stone
nephrolithotripsy
surgical crushing of a stone in the kidney
nephrolysis
separating the kidney (from other body structures)
nephropexy
surgical fixation of the kidney
nephrostomy
creation of an artificial opening into the kidney
pyelolithotomy
incision of the renal pelvis to remove a stone
pyeloplasty
surgical repair of the renal pelvis
ureterectomy
exicision of a ureter
ureterostomy
creation of an artificial opening into the ureter
urethroplasty
surgical repair of the urethra
vesicourethral suspension
suspension pertaining to the bladder and urethra
extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy
a noninvasive treatment for removal of kidney stone(s) or urethral stone(s). By using ultrasound and fluoroscopic imaging, the stone is positioned at a focal point. repeated firing of shock waves renders the stone into fragments that pass from the body in the urine
ESWL
extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy
fulguration
destruction of living tissue with an electric spark (commonly used to destroy bladder growths)
renal transplant
surgical implantation of a donor kidney to replace a nonfuctioning kidney
cystogram
radiographic image of the bladder
cystography
radiographic imaging of the bladder
intravenous urogram
radiographic image of the urinary tract (with contrast medium injected intravenously)
IVU
intravenous urogram
nephrogram
radiographic image of the kidney
nephrography
radiographic imaging of the kidney
nephrosonography
process of recording the kidney using sound (an ultrasound test)
nephrotomogram
sectional radiographic image of the kidney
renogram
(graphic) record of the kidney (a nuclear medicine test produced by radioactivity after injection a radiopharmaceutical, or radioactive material, into the blood)
retrograde urogram
radiographic image of the urinary tract (contrast medium is instilled through urethral catheters by a cystoscope)
voiding cystourethrography
radiographic imaging of the bladder and the urethra (radiopaque dye is instilled in the bladder. radiographic images are taken of the bladder and during urination)
cystoscope
intrument used for visual examination of the bladder
cystoscopy
visual examination of the bladder
nephroscopy
visual examination of the kidney
ureteroscopy
visual examination of the ureter
urethroscope
intrument used for visual examination of the urethra
KUB
a simple radiographic image of the abdomen. used to view the kidneys, ureters, and bladder to determine size, shape, and location. also used to identify calculi in the kidney, ureters, or bladder, or to diagnose intestinal blockage
BUN
blood urea nitrogen
blood urea nitrogen
a blood test that measure the amount of urea in the blood; used to determine kidney function. increased indicates renal dysfunction
creatinine
a blood test that measure the amount of creatinine in the blood. elevated amount may indicate impaired kidney function
specific gravity
a test performed on a urine specimin to measure the concentrating or diluting ability of the kidneys
urinalysis
multiple routine tests performed on a urine specimin
albuminuria
albumin in the urine (albumin is important blood protein, but when found in urine indicates a kidney problem)
anuria
absence of urine (failure of the kidney to produce urine)
diuresis
condition of urine passing through (increased amount of urine)
dysuria
difficult or painful urination
glycosuria
sugar (glucose) in the urine
hematuria
blood in the urine
meatal
pertaining to the meatus
nephrologist
a physician who studies and treats diseases of the kidney
nephrology
study of the kidney (a brance of medicine dealing with diseases of the kidney)
nocturia
night urination
oliguria
scanty urine (amount)
polyuria
much (excessive) urine
pyuria
pus in the urine
urinary
pertaining to the urine
urologist
a physician who studies and treats diseases of the urinary tract
urology
study of the urinary tract (a branch of medicine dealing with diseases of the male and female urinary systems and the male reproductive system)
catheter
flexible, tubelike device, for withdrawing or instilling fluids
distended
stretched out
enuresis
involuntary urination
hemodialysis
procedure for removing impurities from the blood because of an inability of the kidneys to do so
HD
hemodialysis
incontinence
inability to control bladder and/or bowls
micturate
to urinate or void
peritoneal dialysis
procedure for removing toxic wastes when the kidney is unavailable to do so; the peritoneal cavity is used as the receptacle for the fluid used in the dialysis
stricture
abnormal narrowing
urinal
receptacle for urine
urinary catheterization
passage of a catheter into the urinary bladder to withdraw urine
urodynamics
pertaining to the force and flow of urine within the urinary tract
void
to empty or evacuate waste material; especially urine
ARF
acute renal failure
cath
catheterization, catheter
CRF
chronic renal failure
ESRD
end-stage renal disease
ESWL
extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy
IVP
intravenous pyelogram
IVU
intravenous urogram
OAB
overactive bladder
SG
specific gravity
UA
urinalysis
UTI
urinary tract infection
VCUG
voiding cystourethrogram