Repetition of the same or similar consonant sounds in words that are close together.
Reference to someone or something that is known from history, literature, religion, politics, sports, science, or another branch of culture. An indirect reference to something (usually from literature, etc.).
Deliberately suggesting two or more different, and sometimes conflicting, meanings in a work. An event or situation that may be interpreted in more than one way- - this is done on purpose by the author, when it is not done on purpose, it is vagueness, and detracts from the work.
Repetition of a word, phrase, or clause at the beginning of two or more sentences in a row. This is a deliberate form of repetition and helps make the writer's point more coherent.
Inversion of the usual, normal, or logical order of the parts of a sentence. Purpose is rhythm or emphasis or euphony. It is a fancy word for inversion.
Attributing human characteristics to an animal or inanimate object (Personification)
Brief, cleverly worded statement that makes a wise observation about life, or of a principle or accepted general truth. Also called maxim, epigram.
The repetition of similar vowel sounds followed by different consonant sounds especially in words that are togethe
In poetry, a type of rhetorical balance in which the second part is syntactically balanced against the first, but with the parts reversed.
A twentieth century term used to describe poetry that uses intimate material from the poet's life.
A speaker or writer's choice of words
A poem of mourning, usually about someone who has died. A Eulogy is great praise or commendation, a laudatory speech, often about someone who has died.
Device of repetition in which the same expression (single word or phrase) is repeated both at the beginning and at the end of the line, clause, or sentence. Voltaire: "Common sense is not so common."
A long narrative poem, written in heightened language , which recounts the deeds of a heroic character who embodies the values of a particular society
Device of repetition in which the same expression (single word or phrase) is repeated at the end of two or more lines, clauses, or sentences (it is the opposite of anaphora).
A very short story told in prose or poetry that teaches a practical lesson about how to succeed in life.
Poetry that does not conform to a regular meter or rhyme scheme.
A figure of speech that uses an incredible exaggeration or overstatement, for effect. "If I told you once, I've told you a million times...."
The use of language to evoke a picture or a concrete sensation of a person , a thing, a place, or an experience.
The reversal of the normal word order in a sentence or phrase.
Poetic and rhetorical device in which normally unassociated ideas, words, or phrases are placed next to one another, creating an effect of surprise and wit. Ezra Pound: "The apparition of these faces in the crowd;/ Petals on a wet, black bough." Juxtaposition is also a form of contrast by which writers call attention to dissimilar ideas or images or metaphors.
A poem that does not tell a story but expresses the personal feelings or thoughts of the speaker. A ballad tells a story.
A figure of speech that makes a comparison between two unlike things without the use of such specific words of comparison as like, as, than, or resembles.
Does not state explicitly the two terms of the comparison: "I like to see it lap the miles" is an implied metaphor in which the verb lap implies a comparison between "it" and some animal that "laps" up water
A metaphor that is extended or developed as far as the writer wants to take it. (conceit if it is quite elaborate).
A metaphor that has been used so often that the comparison is no longer vivid: "The head of the house", "the seat of the government", "a knotty problem" are all dead metaphors.
A metaphor that has gotten out of control and mixes its terms so that they are visually or imaginatively incompatible. "The President is a lame duck who is running out of gas."
An atmosphere created by a writer's diction and the details selected.
The use of words whose sounds echo their sense. "Pop." "Zap."
A figure of speech that combines opposite or contradictory terms in a brief phrase. "Jumbo shrimp." "Pretty ugly." "Bitter-sweet"
A work that makes fun of another work by imitating some aspect of the writer's style.
A figure of speech in which an object or animal is given human feelings, thoughts, or attitudes.
A "play on words" based on the multiple meanings of a single word or on words that sound alike but mean different things.
A word, phrase, line, or group of lines that is repeated, for effect, several times in a poem.
A type of writing that ridicules the shortcomings of people or institutions in an attempt to bring about a change.
A figure of speech that makes an explicit comparison between two unlike things, using words such as like, as , than, or resembles.
The distinctive way in which a writer uses language: a writer's distinctive use of diction, tone, and syntax.
A person, place, thing, or event that has meaning in itself and that also stands for something more than itself.
A figure of speech in which a part represents the whole. "If you don't drive properly, you will lose your wheels." The wheels represent the entire car.
The insight about human life that is revealed in a literary work.
The attitude a writer takes toward the subject of a work, the characters in it, or the audience, revealed through diction, figurative language, and organization.
A statement that says less than what is meant.
A term for the bold new experimental styles and forms that swept the arts during the first third of the twentieth century.
Giving characteristics of an object to a person.
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