- The roll of repressed childhood conflicts in personality disorders is mostly clearly emphasized by the psychoanalytic perspective
- They doubt that Infants' neural networks are mature enough to sustain as much emotional trauma as Freud assumed
- Overestimated parental influence and underestimated peer influence
- Doubt that conscience and gender identity form as the child resolves the Oedipus complex at age 5 or 6.
- Many contend that repression, if it ever occurs, is a rare mental response to terrible trauma
- Some researchers believe that extreme, prolonged stress, such as the stress some severely abused children experience, might disrupt memory by damaging the hippocampus
- The schemas that automatically control our perceptions and interpretations
- The priming by stimuli to which we have not consciously attended