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36 terms

Chapter 19, 20 & 21

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Blood plasma is made up mostly of:
Plasma proteins
What is another term for erythrocytes:
Red blood cells
What percentage of blood is made up of plasma:
55%
What is another term for leukocytes:
White blood cells
A person's ABO blood type is determined by antigens present on:
erythrocytes
Type O is considered the theoretical universal: (A) Donor because there are no anti-A or anti-B antibodies in plasma (B) Donor becasue there are no A or B isoantigens on RBCs nor are there anti-A or anti-B isoantibodies in plasma (C) Recipient because there are no anti-A or anti-B antibodies in plasma (D) Recipient because there are no A or B isoantigens on RBCs (E) Donor because there are no A or B isoantigens on RBCs
Donor because there are no A or B isoantigens on RBCs
Blood tissue falls within which category of basic body tissues:
Connective tissue
Fibrinolysis is:
dissolving of a blood clot
Which of the following compnents are found within the formed elements section of blood: (A) Leukocytes (B) Erythrocytes (C) Thrombocytes (D) All of these
All of these
Agranular leukocytes that are phagocytic are the:
Lymphocytes
The atrioventricular valves close when the:
Ventricles contract
The function of the chordae tendineae is to: (A) Pulls the walls of the ventricles inward during contraction (B) Prevent inversion of the AV valves during ventricular systole (C) Open the semilunar valves (D) Hold the heart in place within the mediastinum (E) Open the AV valves
open the AV valves
The term afterload refers to: (A)End-systolic volume (B) The pressure that must be overcome before semilunar valves can open (C) The maximum possible cardiac output above resting cardiac output (D) The pressure in blood vessels necessary to cause the semilunar valves to close (E) End-diastolic volume
The pressure that must be overcome before semilunar valves can open
Most fluid and proteins that escape from blood vessels to the interstitial fluid are normally: (A) Absorbed into tissue cells (B) Returned to the blood via the heptic portal system (C) Returned to the blood via lymphatic system (D) Excreted via the urinary system (E) Reabsorbed via the urinary system
returned to the blood via the lymphatic system
Valves are present in:
Veins
Blood flows from the pulmonary veins into the: (A) Right atrium (B) Lungs (C) Left atrium (D) Left ventricule (D) Pulmonary arteries
Left atrium
The function of baroreceptors is to monitor changes in:
Blood pressure
Which of the following valves falls within the normal pH range for blood plasma:
7.42
Which of the following components are found in plasma: (A) Solutes (B) Water (C) All of these (D) Proteins
All of these
The bicuspid valve is located between the: (A) Right and left atria (B) Left atrium and left ventricule (C) Right and left ventricules (D) Right ventricules and the aorta (E) Right ventricule and the pulmonay trunks
The left atrium and the left ventricle
What is another term for thrombocytes:
Platelets
Blood flows from superior vena cava into the: (A) Inferior vena cava (B) Pulmonary trunk (C) Right atrium (D) Left atrium (E) Aorta
Right atrim
The apex of the heart is formed by the: (A) Tip of the right ventricule (B) Upper border of the left atrium (C) Tip of the left ventricule (D) Upper border of the right atrium (E) arch of the aorta
tip of the left ventricle
Which of the following lists the element of the heart's conduction system in the correct order? (A) SA node,AV bundle ,AV node, Bundle branches, conduction myofibers (B) SA node, AV node, AV bundle, Bundle branches, Conduction myofibers
SA node, AV node ,AV Bundle,Bundle branches,Conduction myofibers
The initiation of the heart beat is the responsibility of the: (A) cardiovascular center (B) Vagus nerve (C) Fossa ovalis (D) Baroreceptors (E) SA node
SA node
Blood in pulmonary capillaries that has just picked up oxygen will go next into: (A) Pulmonary veins to the right atrium (B) Pulmonary veins to the superior vena cava (C) Pulmonary arteries to the left atrium (D) Pulmonary arteries to the right atrium (E) Pulmonary veins to the left atrium
Pulmonary arteries to the left atrium
Normally, blood is about 45% formed elements and 55% plasma T or F
True
T Cells, B Cells and Natural killer cells are the major types of lymphocytes T or F
True
As the diameter of a blood vessel increases, the resistance decreases. T or F
True
Mature erythrocytes remain in circulation for about 120 days T or F
True
The myocardium is responsible for the pumping action of the heart T or F
True
The coronary sinus normally contains air T or F
False
Vessels classified as muscular arteries are so-called because their primary function is distribution of blood to skeletal muscles T or F
False
The pericardial cavity normally contains blood T or F
False
The normal temperature of blood is 37c (98.6 F) T or F
True
There is smooth muscle within the tunica media of both an artery and a vein T or F
False