Ch 27 APUSH
Terms in this set (50)
sensationalist journalism. Enticed war.
creator of the "New York World;"cut the prices so people could afford it; featured color comics and yellow journalism
William Randolph Hearst
United States newspaper publisher whose introduction of large headlines and sensational reporting (yellow journalism). Increased hype for Spanish American war
Captain Alfred Thayer Mahan
author of The Influence of Sea Power Upon History
The Influence of Sea Power Upon History
by Alfred Thayer Manhan. To control the seas is to control the world. Thank Arthur for building that steel navy.
the Hawaiian queen who was forced out of power by a revolution started by American business interests
photographer who paired up with Hearst (yellow journalism) to demonstrate Spanish oppresion in Cuba. Exagerations and false facts.
American battleship that blew up in Cuba- Spanish American war
Spanish-American War 1898
USA enter into war even though already got their 2 main goals: end reconstruction camps and an armistice with Cuban rebels. The Maine sparked popular unrest. Creation of the Teller Amendment. End with an American win. Gained Guam, Puerto Rico, the Phillipines, and a psuedo-rule over Cuba with the Platt Amendment
when America overthrow Spanish gov in Cuba, they will have their independence.
, assitant to Sec of Navy-called up Dewey and told to invade Philippines
a Rough Rider
26th president conservationism, trust-busting, Hepburn Act, safe food regulations, "Square Deal," Panama Canal, Great White Fleet, Nobel Peace Prize for negotiation of peace in Russo-Japanese War
Commodore George Dewey
captured Manila without one american dead during spanish-american war. A navy- needed land reinforcements to take rest of Philippines and Germany already comming in. Heped by Emilio Alguinaldo
Troops in Spanish American war
cowboys, outlaws, and polo players
led by william shafter
most famous one: TR
reaction to america's expansion in the world (Ex Carnegie, Mark Twain and Sam Gompers)
people of territories do not get full rights. (do newly aquired territories get the rigths of Americans? No.)
Post Spanish-American war. Forced amendment in Cuban constitution. Gives America some power over Cuba to provent imperialistic powers comming in. Cuba needs American approval for any risky finance or political desisions, US troops can come in if needed, and USA has acess to cuban coaling and naval stations
american military base won out of the Spanish American war
rebel leader who helped americans win at Manila. Later he led uprisings in the Philippines wanting their independence from America
"Open Door" Note
John Hay's idea that foreign powers should respect China's territorial integrity and commerical integrity (equal access). Did not consult Chinese on this.
(1901) replaces Clayton Bulwer Treaty. USA can build a canal all by itself (part of great reconsilliation)
New Panama Canal Co. offer to do it cheap (40 mill) in Panama (part of Columbia)
A canal has been on the books for a while
Clayton Bulwer Treaty: GB and USA would share any canal built
Hay-Paunceforte Treaty replaces.
Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty: to build
But Columbia not cool with it but Panama ppls really want
Bunau-Varilla entices rebellion and USA troops block Columbian troops
"Rape of Panama"
Gorgas clear up disease
George Washinton Goethals finsish canal just in time for WWI
aka Bad Neighbor Policy (used more with later presidents)
step in to help Latin America +pay off their debts so no imperialistic powers could come in
"Big Stick" Diplomacy
TR's political philosophy. "Speak softly but carry a big stick"
TR get San Fran Board of Edu to stop rejecting Japanese in schools (due to limited resources post the HUGE earthquake/fire)
Japan agrees to stop issueing passports so decrease Japanese immigrants in America
The Three C's
part of TR's Square Deal
America Turns Outward
America wants a bigger market;Yellow journalism describe foriegn expedition as manly adventures; Our Country by Josiah Strong-desire to spread white/west goodness (follow idea of social darwinism); steel navy allowed america to compete in waters
Result of international interest
James G Blaine's Big Sister Policy (protect latin america from imperialism by opening up their markets and improving communication
Big Sister Policy
Aimed to rally Latin American nations behind the United States and open Latin American markets to American traders. Led to Pan-American conference (economic cooperation, tariff reduction)
James G Blaine
Big Sister Policy creator; champion of the Half Breeds
vs Germany over Samoan Islands
vs Italy bc Italians lynched in Amer
vs Chile bc 2 Amer sailors dead
vs Canada bc of seal hunting near Pribilot Islands
vs England bc pushing into Venezeula territory (invoke Monroe Doctrine and GB back off bc bzy with Germany and S Africa). Led to the Great Rapprochment
pro using troops to end pullman strike and pro invoking Monroe Doc against GB when impeding upon Venezeula
Great Rapprochment (reconciliation)
reconciliation between U.S. and Britain where the latter decided that their friendship with the U.S. was more important than winning a boundary dispute
idea port for shipping/ sugar production
Sugar market harmed by McKinleyTariff bc not part of US- want to annex
Queen Liluokalani not happy with that
Whites revolted and had unauthorized use of Amer troops
Prez Harrison's term and and when Cleveland steps up he feels it immoral- stops annexation
During Spanish-American war give Hawaiins full citizenship (fear of Japan taking over)
1900 Hawaii becomes a full teritory
cubans unhappy under oppressive spanish rule
using scorched earth tactics to drive Spanish out (buring crops)
America have a lot invested in Cuba
and might improve Latin American relations if help (make a canal)
TR call Dewey to attack Philippines w/out authority to do so
Captured Manila with help from Emilio Aguinaldo
Gain Puerto Rico and Guam
Disease killed more than bullets
Later, Dr. Walter Reed discover mosquitos transmit yellow fever + William Gorgas- wipe out breeding gounds
Cuba is free
US get Guam, Puerto Rico, and Philippines (had to buy some)
What to do with Philippines?
General "Butcher" Weyler
sent cuban citizens to reconsentration camps to supress Cuban rebellion. Make cuba a humanitarian cause
McKinley went in Spanish American war bc
not want indp Cuba or a spanish-cuba
gave limited popular government to Puerto Ricans (neither a territory nor independent), granted US citizenship but not self-rule.
General Leonard Wood
a Rough Rider
set up a military gov in Cuba to bring social reform (edu/ agriculture)
brought in Dr. Walter Reed/William Gorgas to reduce yellow fever problem (wiped out mosquito breeding grounds)
Dr. Walter Reed
Doctor who was the head of the Army's Yellow Fever Commission. He proved that Yellow Fever and Malaria was transmitted by Mosquitoes. (wiped out mosquito breeding grounds)
land gained in Spanish American war
Foraker Act-limited self rule
USA improved edu, sanitation and transportation.
many migrated to NY City
do not get full USA rights according to Insular cases.
Confederate general in Cuba
ex. of closing the gap btwn North and South
1899 rebellion in Beijing, China started by a secret society of Chinese who opposed the "foreign devils". The rebellion was ended by British troops
election of 1900
William J Bryan = Demo nom.
McKinley + TR as VP (tacked on so he wouldn't cause trouble elsewhere)
Prosperity and protectionism
Still playing off bimetalism platform from previous election
french engeneer behind panama canal. enticed panama rebellion.
helped clean up yellow fever in Puerto Rico and in Panama (so people could build the canal)
TR's Nobel Peace Prize
for monitoring the Russo-Japenese peace conference after fighting over Manchuria. Negociations left both Russia and Japan unhappy.
racism in CA against japanese immigrants
Great White Fleet
TR sends navy on tour of the world to show guns after the Gentleman's Agrement