60% protein, structural protein, enzymes,lipid, sugar, nucleic acid
the cell is about ___ and spends a large amount of its energy making protein. These proteins can either be ___ or ___ which are used to make the other component of the cell. The other components are (3 of them).
the base pairs in the DNA are NOT covalently bonded with each other. They are attracted by forming alot of ____ bonds which are weaker than covalent bonds.
1953, watson, crick, franklin
The double stranded structure of DNA was worked out in the year of ___ by ___, ___, and ___
information is stored in the DNA in the ___ arrangement of the nucleotide bases in one strand of the _____
the amount of information needed to code for an average protein is about ___ nucleotide bases. This is called a ___
1960, 3, codon
The genetic code was cracked in the year ___. ___ nucleotide bases code for 1 amino acid. These sets of bases coding for 1 amino acid is called a ____
if the cell need to make a protein that is 300 amino acid long (size of average protein), then that information would be coded using ___ codons or ___ nucleotide bases.
when the cell gets ready to make a protein, the gene to make that protein is located and turned on. The information is first converted to ___. This is a usable form of information that can be ___ by the cell to assemble the proper amino acids.
rna polymerase, mRNA
transcription is carried out by an enzyme called ___. The RNA that is produced from the "gene" is called ____ because it contains the information or message to make the protein.
ribosome,codon,amino acid, molecule, transfer rna, peptide, protein, ribosome
Translation is carried out by a ___ which reads the mRNA one ___ at a time from one end to the other. As each codon is read, the proper ____ is brought close to the ribosome. Special carrier ___ are used to bring in the amino acid. These carriers are also made out of RNA and are called ____. as the proper amino acids are brought into position, ___ bonds are formed between amino acids and the new ____ grows as it is assembled by the ____
There are 3 types of RNA involved with the making of a protein: ___,___,__. These RNA's traslate information found in the DNA gene to make a functional protein