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116 terms

Cell Structure & Function and the Cell Cycle

STUDY
PLAY
nucleus
In the picture of the animal cell what is letter "A" ?
vacuoles
In the picture of the animal cell what is letter "E" ?
mitochondria
In the picture of the animal cell what is letter "C" ?
cell membrane
In the picture of the animal cell what is letter "D" ?
cytoplasm
In the picture of the animal cell what is letter "B" ?
cytoplasm
In the picture of the plant cell what is letter "C" ?
nucleus
In the picture of the plant cell what is letter "B" ?
chloroplast
In the picture of the plant cell what is letter "E" ?
cell wall
In the picture of the plant cell what is letter "F" ?
vacuole
In the picture of the plant cell what is letter "D" ?
cell membrane
In the picture of the plant cell what is letter "A" ?
nucleoid (DNA)
In the bacteria picture what is letter "A" ?
cytoplasm
In the bacteria picture what is letter "H" ?
capsule
In the bacteria picture what is letter "G" ?
cell wall
In the bacteria picture what is letter "F" ?
cell membrane
In the bacteria picture what is letter "E" ?
pili (cilia)
In the bacteria picture what is letter "D" ?
flagella
In the bacteria picture what is letter "B" ?
eukaryotic
Animal cells are __________ because they have a nucleus.
eukaryotic
Plant cells are __________ because they have a nucleus.
prokaryotic
Bacteria cells are __________ because they do not have a nucleus.
nucleus
This organelle is the control center of the cell. It contains chromosomes and DNA.
vacuole
This expanding and contracting organelle stores water, nutrients, and wastes. It is usually bigger in plant cells than in animal cells.
chloroplast
This organelle contains the green pigment chlorophyll and traps sunlight, which is used during the process of photosynthesis.
mitochondria
This organelle uses oxygen to break down glucose to supply the cell with energy.
cell wall
This is the tough, nonliving outer layer of each plant cell. It gives the cell shape, strength, and support.
cell membrane
This enclosing structure holds the cell together and controls what moves into and out of the cell.
centrioles
These organelles form spindle fibers during cell division and can usually be found in pairs at right angles to each other.
chromosomes
These structures are made up of DNA and are located inside of the nucleus. They look like little X's.
chromatin
These long thread-like structures are made up of DNA and are located inside of the nucleus.
Interphase
There are two main steps in the Cell Cycle what is the first step?
Mitosis
There are two main steps in the Cell cycle what is the second step?
Prophase
What does the "P" in PMAT stand for?
Metaphase
What does the "M" in PMAT stand for?
Anaphase
What does the "A" in PMAT stand for?
Telophase
What does the "T" in PMAT stand for?
three
How many steps does Interphase have?
four
How many steps does Mitosis have?
G1 (Gap 1)
What is the first step of Interphase?
S (DNA Synthesis)
What is the second step of Interphase?
G2 (Gap 2)
What is the third step of Interphase?
Prophase
What is the first step of Mitosis?
Metaphase
What is the second step of Mitosis?
Anaphase
What is the third step of Mitosis?
Telophase
What is the fourth step of Mitosis?
Prophase
I am a phase of mitosis that begins when the chromosomes are visible. What am I?
Prophase
I am a phase of mitosis that occurs when the nucleolus and the nuclear membrane disintegrate. What am I?
Prophase
I am a phase of mitosis that occurs when the centrioles move to opposite ends of the cell. What am I?
Prophase
I am a phase of mitosis that occurs when the spindle fibers begin to form. What am I?
Metaphase
I am a phase of mitosis that occurs when the duplicated chromosomes are line up in the center of the cell. What am I?
Metaphase
I am a phase of mitosis that occurs when the centromere of each duplicated chromosome are attached to two spindle fibers, one from each side of the cell. What am I?
Anaphase
I am a phase of mitosis that occurs when the centromere divides. What am I?
Anaphase
I am a phase of mitosis that occurs when the spindle fibers shorten. What am I?
Anaphase
I am a phase of mitosis that occurs when the duplicated chromosomes separate into chromosomes. What am I?
Anaphase
I am a phase of mitosis that occurs when the chromosomes are pulled to opposite ends of the cell. What am I?
Telophase
I am a phase of mitosis that occurs when the chromosomes uncoil. What am I?
Telophase
I am a phase of mitosis that occurs when the cytoplasm separates in a process called cytokinesis. What am I?
Telophase
I am a phase of mitosis that occurs when a new nucleus is formed. What am I?
Telophase
I am a phase of mitosis that occurs when the cell begins to divide for the first time. What am I?
Cytokinesis
In telophase, what do you call the process that divides the cytoplasm equally between the two daughter cells?
G1 (Gap 1)
In interphase __________ takes place when the cell grows bigger and the organelles duplicate.
S (DNA Synthesis)
In interphase __________ takes place when DNA is copied and the chromosomes duplicate.
S (DNA Synthesis)
In interphase __________ takes place when the DNA is doubled.
G2 (Gap 2)
In interphase __________ takes place when the cell grows even bigger, the DNA is checked for mistakes, mistakes in DNA are repaired, and the cell prepares for mitosis.
Interphase
What part of the cell cycle is shown in the picture above?
Prophase
What part of mitosis is shown in the picture above?
Metaphase
What part of mitosis is shown in the picture above?
Anaphase
What part of mitosis is shown in the picture above?
Telophase
What part of mitosis is shown in the picture above?
Interphase
What part of the cell cycle shown in the picture above?
stem cells
We are cells that can develop into many different types of cells in the body during early life and growth.
muscle cells
We are cells that can contract (squeeze together) and relax (stretch and elongate) to move the body.
nerve cells
We are cells that receive and send information (impulses) throughout the body.
bone cells
We are cells that build, break down, and repair your bones.
white blood cells
We are cells that produce antibodies, engulf bacteria, and wage chemical warfare on bodily invaders.
platelets
We are cells that help to prevent bleeding by clotting blood.
red blood cells
We are cells that contain hemoglobin which allows us to carry oxygen molecules throughout the body.
stem cells
What types of cells are shown in the picture above?
red blood cell
What type of cell is shown in the picture above?
white blood cell
What type of cell is shown in the picture above?
bone cells
What types of cells are shown in the picture above?
nerve cell
What type of cell is shown in the picture above?
skin cell
What type of cell is shown in the picture above?
muscle cells
What types of cells are shown in the picture above?
platelets
What types of cells are shown in the picture above?
Interphase
What phase of the cell cycle is shown above?
Prophase
What phase of mitosis is shown above?
Metaphase
What phase of mitosis is shown above?
Anaphase
What phase of mitosis is shown above?
Telophase
What phase of mitosis is shown above?
Interphase
What phase of the cell cycle is shown above?
Prophase
What phase of mitosis is shown above?
Metaphase
What phase of mitosis is shown above?
Anaphase
What phase of mitosis is shown above?
Telophase
What phase of mitosis is shown above?
A
Which picture shows plant cells?
Interphase
The cell above is in what phase of the cell cycle?
Prophase
The cell above is in what phase of mitosis?
Metaphase
The cell above is in what phase of mitosis?
Anaphase
The cell above is in what phase of mitosis?
Telophase
The cell above is in what phase of mitosis?
Interphase
What is letter "A" ?
Prophase
What is letter "A" ?
Prophase
What is letter "A" ?
Metaphase
What is letter "B" ?
Interphase
What is letter "B" ?
Interphase
What is letter "B" ?
Prophase
What is letter "C" ?
Metaphase
What is letter "C" ?
Telophase
What is letter "C" ?
Anaphase
What is letter "D" ?
Anaphase
What is letter "D" ?
Metaphase
What is letter "D" ?
Telophase
What is letter "E" ?
Telophase
What is letter "E" ?
Anaphase
What is letter "E" ?