How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

397 terms

State Board Exam Review for the Esthetician Student

STUDY
PLAY
What are Germs?
Microorganisms that cover almost every surface, including the skin of the human body.
What is the difference between pathogenic and non-pathogenic bacteria?
Pathogenic is disease causing while non-pathogenic is non disease causing.
The 3 basic types of bacteria and their shape
Bacilli-rod
Cocci-round
Spirilla- spiral
1. Antiseptic
weaker form of disinfectant
2. Disinfectant
chemicals that kill a majority of pathogenic microorganisms
3. Sterilization
process of killing ALL microorganisms
What piece of equipment is the only way to truly sterilize utensils using steam, heat, and pressure?
Autoclave
What implements or materials cannot be used in an autoclave?
glass
Two disinfectants used in esthetics
1. Sodium Hydrochloride(household bleach)
2. Formaldehyde
What is the ratio you can dilute household bleach for a disinfectant?
1:10 with water
4 disposable materials that prevent cross- contamination
1. cotton swabs
2. paper towels
3.Disposable staptulas
4. Gloves
Cleaning and disinfecting process:
Metal tweezers- clean with soap
Suction attachments- use 70% alcohol then soak for 20 min in a disinfectant
Extractors- clean with soap and water then spray with cavaside
Galvanic rollers- spray with alcohol
OSHA
Occupational Safety and Health Administration
MSDS( Material Safety Data Sheets)
includes how to safely clean up after an accidental spill
3 diseases a client may have that would contraindicate in-office treatments?
pink eye, impetigo, herpes
CDC
Center for Disease Control
OPIM
Other Potential Infections Material
Universal and Standard Precautions
Treat all body fluids as they were/are contagious
3 types of blood borne diseases
HIV, Hepatitis, Syphilis
Why must an esthetician wear gloves?
Estheticians must wear gloves to perform in-office treatments in order to protect them from microorganisms
Impetigo
Skin infected caused by bacteria. Usually the cause is staphylococcal(staph) but sometimes streptococcus(strep).
Symptoms of Impetigo
Small blisters that expand and rupture within 24 hrs. Yellow fluid that drains and forms a honey colored crust
Acne
Genetically inherited disease-excess oil secreted by trhe sebaceous glands. Cells that clog the pores, trapping oil in the follicle
What causes adult acne?
Primary catalyst a chronic stress, high level of stress throws adrenal glands in over drive. Setting the stage for acne in 30s and 40s
Common factors that trigger acne
Stress
Overactive Sebaceous Glands
Dead Skin cell accummulation
Bacteria and Inflammation
Comedogenic ingredients
Acne Vulgaris
Common acne- inflammatory condition of the sebaceous glands of the skin.
Acne Vulgaris
Consits of red, elevated areas on the skin that may develop into pustules and even futher into cyst that can cause scarring
Retention Hyperkeratosis
Skin condition that produces more dead skin cells than is normal, skin cells are not being shed properly. These dead cells sick to the surface of the skin and inside the follicles, mixing with excess oil and creating a comedo
Microcomedo
first stage of comedo formation; a comedoso small that it can be seen only with a microscope
Ostium
the opening of a follicle
Non-inflammatory
the impaction is neither red nor inflammed
Open Comedones
non inflammatory acne lesions usually called blackheads
Closed Comedones
non inflammatory acne lesions usually called whiteheads
Anaerobic Bacteria
Bacteria that does not need oxygen to grow or survive
Non-Inflammatory Acne
Blackheads, Whiteheads
What is microcomedo made up of?
Dead buildup, bacteria and fatty acids from sebum
What is pustule and what is it made up of?
A clump of white blood cells that have formed and risen to the surface of the skin
What is a papule?
A raised area of the skin that is generally smaller than 1 centimeter
What is the difference between a papule and a nodule?
A nodule is a raised lesion that is larger and deeper in the skin than a papule
What is a cyst
Deep infection caused by a deep massive invasion of white blood cells
Grade 1 Acne
mildest acne that's often just a minor pimple that appear occasionally in small numbers and small bumps that can disapper without being treated
Grade 2 Acne
moderate acne- blackheads and milia can break out in the greater numbers.
Grade 3 Acne
considered severe and is often grade 2 left untreated and madeto worsen by squeezing the pimples and maintaining the oily dirty face that attracted those bacteria at the onset
Grade 4 Acne
most serious- the condition is medically referred to as nodulocystic, or cystic acne where the skin displays numerous pustules, papules, pustules with large cysts
Cellulitis
infection of the skin that may affect any part of the body. Usually appears on the lower legs or face
Cellulitis Symptoms/Signs
Area of skin redness or swelling that gets larger, tight glossy look to the skin, pain or tenderness, skin rash that happens suddenly and grows quickly,signs of infection include: fever, chills, and muscle aches
Folliculitis
Inflammation of the hair follicle due to an infection
Herpes Simplex
A viral infection of the skin
Herpes Zoster
Shingles is a painful, blistering skin rash due to the varicella-zoster virus, the virus that causes chickenpox
Warts
Warts are growths on your skin caused by an infection with human papilloma virus, or HPV
Molluscum Contagiosum
viral skin infection that causes raised, pearl-like papules or nodules on the skin
Tinea Versicolor
common, benign,superficial cutaneous fungal infection usually characterized by hypopigmented or hyperpigmented macules and patches on the chest and the back
Tinea Corporis
name of a group of diseases caused by a fungus- ringworm, athlete's foot and jock itch
Skin Tags
common, acquired, benign skin growths that look like a small piece of soft, hanging skin.
Seborrheic Keratosis
raised growths on the skin. Means greasy and keratosis means thickening of the skin
Cherry Angioma
Fairly common skin growths that vary in size. Can occur almost anywhere on the body but usually develop on the trunk
Keratosis Pilaris
skin condition in which white bumps appear on the upper arms, thighs, and cheeks
Eczema
several different types of skin swelling. Also called Dermatitis. Red, Swollen and itchy skin
Dermatitis
(eczema) is inflammation of the upper layers of the skin, causing itching, blisters, redness, swelling, and often oozing, scabbing, and scaling
Contact Dermatitis
inflammation of the skin caused by direct contact with an irritating or allergy-causing substance (irrant or allergen)
Seborrheic Dermatits
common, inflammatory skin condition that causes flaky, white to yellowish scales to form an oily areas such as the scalpor inside of the ear
Psoriasis
occurs when skin cells grow too quickly.Faulty signals in the immune system cause new skin cells to form in days rather than weeks.--Patches of thick, scaly skin that may be white, silvery or red
Vitiligo
loss of cells that give color to the skin(melanocytes) results in smooth, white patches in the midst of normally pigemented skin
Cell Membrane
gives the cell structure and shape- posses a function known as selective permeability
Cytoplasm
allows other structures to move around inside the cell
Selective Permeability
cell membrane can let certain substances "in" the body for example food, water and oxygen. It can also let "out" certain substances such as carbon dioxude and waste materials
Skeletal Tissue
makes up the bones of the body
Nerve Tissue
type of tissue that the cells control the brain and nerves
Adispose Tissue
Technical name for fat
Endothelial Tissue
Inner tissues
Epithelial Tissue
outer tissue
Epidermis
this tissue is the primary concern for the esthetician
4 Ways to Penetrate the Skin
Follicle Wall, Sebaceous Glands, Intercellular, Transcelluar
4 Factors that can influence Skin Penetration
Thickeness of the stratum corneum, large buildup of dead skin cells, excessively oily skin, temperature of the skin
Hormone
special chemicals that are manufactured or secreted by glands within the body
Formication
itching tingly feeling of the skin experienced by some woman during menopause
Hyperthyroidism
too much thryroid hormone
Hypothyroidism
not enough thyroid hormone
Lack of Estrogen can cause:
increase sensitivity of the skin, dehydration, possible hyperpigmentation, fluctuation in blood flow
Immune System
bodys mechanism for fighting disease
Acquired Immunity
the term for immunity to a certain disease built by antibodies the body produces when you get sick
Natural Immunity
ther term for immunity to a certain disease you have had from birth as a result of your mother's blood and your parent's genes
Interleodion
the immune system commicates with each cell and releases hormones
Carcinogenic
cancer causing
3 substances that can contribute to the slowing of the immune functoin:
improper diet, excessive alcohol intake, lacking exercise
Vaccines
Artificial way of tricking the immune system into making anitbodies
Antibiotics
Drugs that are made from extracts of living organisms that simply kill bacteria
Acid Mantle
layer of lipids and sweat secretions that help kill bacteria
Langerhans Cells
Guard Cells that Constantly Patrol the Epidermis
Sun exposure
worst enemy of the langerhans cells
Herpes
most frequently autoimmunity diease you will encounter as an esthetician
Tests that detect HIV
elisa, western blot test
Window Phase
period of time between exposure and the time anitbodies are made
Ratio of HIV
1 in 250 people
4 procedures an esthetician performs where they may come in contact with infected body fluid
extractions, microderm, mani/pedi, waxing
Shingles
Herpes zoster
AIDS
autoimmune deficiency syndrome
Exfoliant
agents that remove dead skin cells
Benefits of exfoliation
stimulates cell renewal, better product absorption, improves fine lines and wrinkles, improve skin texture, removes flakey patches, helps during extractions, clear congestion, improves hyperpigmentation and color
Contridications to Hydroxy Acid Treatments
open lesions/skin cancers, cold sores/herpes, windburn, sunburn, active rosacea, pregnancy
Considerations with use of Hydroxy Acid
base of formula, percentage, pH
Mechanical/Manual Exfoliation
physical bumping of the skin
Chemical Exfoliation
dissolving dead skin cells
Mechanical Exfoliation
Gommage, granular scrubs, microderm, luffa
Best candidates for chemical peels
Hyperpigmentation, aging, acne
Common Complications with chemical peels
Injury, which can cause hyperpigmentation, cold sore reactivating
Jessners Peel
14% Salicylic, 14% Lactic, 14% resorcinol
Superficial Peeling
effects the epidermis (stratum corneum)
Medium Peeling
removes the entire epidermis
Deep Peeling
effects the epidermis- papillary layer
Eczema
inflammatory disease of the skin that is painful and causing itching
Psoriasis
scaly red patched on the scalp, lower back and chest
Ichthyosis
skin is dry and scaly like a fish; build up of keratinous cells
Sebhorrheic Dermatitis
a form of eczema that primarily affects oily areas of the face
Actinic Keratosis
sun damage; pre cancerous( can become squamous cell carcinoma). Sharp, rough and prickly
Skincare
what the esthetician specializes in
Why do estheticians need to understand basic chemistry?
to better communicate with clients about better skincare and cosmetics
Element
a chemical in its simplest form
matter
anything that takes up space and has substance
Atom
Smallest measurable unit of an element
covalent bond
bond between atoms sharing electrons
compound
two or more elements joined together to produce an entirely different substance
mixture
two different elements or compounds that are mixed together
solution
mixture of different chemicals evenly dispersed through the mixture
pH
a reciprocal measurement of hydrogen's in a substance
Emollients
ingredients that lubricate skin and give cosmetics a soft smooth feeling
Biologically Inert Ingredients
ingredients that do not react to normal chemical reactions within the skin; making it unlikely to produce allergic or irritant reactions
Preservatives
chemical agents that inhibit the growth of microorganisms in cosmetics
Anti-oxidants
chemicals added to products to prevent oxidation
Chelating Agent
improves the efficiency of preservatives by breaking down the cell wall
Buffering
reduce strength
gellant
gives a product a gel like consistency
distillation
process of purifying water
microencapsulation
process of using barrier and intercellular compatible materials like lipids to better penetrate ingredients
vehicle
substance that allows ingredients to be delivered in the body
active ingredient
chemical within the drug that causes physiological changes
emulsion cleansers
cleansing milks made mostly of water for sensitive and dry skin
Hummetiant
ingredient that attracts water
Occlusive
heavy large molecule that sits on the top of the skin and prevents moisture loss
Alipidic
Lack of lipids (lack of fat/oil)
Toner use
bring pH level back, neutralize skin, clean debris
Food and Drug Administration
federal agency that regulates the cosmetic industry
food and drug act of 1938-DRUG
articles other than food intendedto affect the structure of any function of the body
food and drug act of 1938-COSMETIC
articles intended to be rubbed, poured or sprinkled to the human body for cleansing, beautifying or promotion attractiveness
Comeceutical
product designed for appearance improvement and has positive physiological effects
Hypoallergenic Cosmetics
generally manufactured without the use of certain ingredients that are known to frequently cause allergic reactions
Anhydrous
products are treatments that do not contain water
Mechanical exfoliation
uses methods of physical contact to literally scrape or bump cells off the skin
Examples of Mechanical Exfoliation
granular scrubs, brush machine, luffa
Removing Surface Cells impove or help the skin
improves product penetration, helps clear away dead skin cells and debris from the pore openings; making extractions easier, remove uneven buildup
Conditions you would not use brushing machine, microderm, or any harsh chemical peels
couperose skin, fragile, thin skin, patients taking Accutane
Granular scrubs- how long should you scrub the face
1-2 min
How often should i client have enzyme treatments?
every 2 weeks
Basic Esthetician
30% concentration (or below) or 3.0 pH of exfoliation products
Master Esthetician
50% concentration (or below) or 1.0 pH of exfoliation products
Alpha Hydroxy Acid
it works by dissolving surface lipids that hold the cells of the corneum together
Melanin Suppressants
hydroquinone, kojic acid, mulberry
Superficial peeling
deepest type of chemical peeling performed by a esthetician
Frosting
a white appearence of the skin that appears after applying a strong exfoliation peeling substance
Reactios to a Chemical Peel
Severe itching, swelling, severe redness
Lower pH Level
a lower pH will make a peel more active
Microderm Machines
Most modern machines are closed systems that do not allow particulate emission
Microderm Affects which layers
stratum corneum, stratum granulosum
Aluminum Oxide
type of crystals that can be used for microderm- benefits: less irritation, stable, hard, inert
Results of Microderm
refreshed appearance, reduction of t-zone oiliness, temporary pore reduction, tighter skin
Retin A and AHA prepare for microderm
helps break down the stratum corneum which allows fora better result
Pinpoint bleeding in microderm
the layer of the skin that has been affected is the papillary dermis
Pressure in microderm
medium pressure should be used when holding the hand piece against the skin
Thickness of Skin
what the number of passes are based upon
Fitzpatrick Skin Typing
widely used skin typing classification applied today to predict scarring and pigmentary problems from various treatments
Aging Classification Systems
Glogau, Rubin
The most important indicator in the treatment room of skin type?
Evaluating skin response to UV light
Inflammatory Phase
blood and tissue cells secrete substances to create inflammation
Proliferative Phase
scab and scar tissue build to protect and induce healing
Remodeling Phase
scar tissue formed during healing
Laceration
type of wound is unclean with jagged edges and can be of varying depths
Contused
wound that is a bruise
Scars result in:
Injury, diseases, medical procedures, aging, malnutrition, infection, picking
Helping the post operative patient
provide proper skin care, emotional support, health edu, controlling and medicating erythema
Cosmetic Surgery
surgical procedures used for cosmetic purposes only ex: eye lift, face lift, forehead lifts, liposuction, collagen injections
Body Cosmetic Surgery
Body sculpting Ex: breast implants, liposuction
Reconstructive Surgery
procedures used for accidental injuries orother physcial deformities ex: skin cancer removal, nose job
General Plastic Surgeons
perform all types of reconstructive and cosmetic surgery
Ophthalmic Surgeon
Treats eye diseases and performs eye related surgeries
Dermatological surgeon
Dermatologist who perform plastic and cosmetic surgery
Rhytidectomy
facelift
Sutures
stiches
Vitamin K
clotting of blood
Blepharoplasty
eyelift
Rhinoplasty
nose job
Dermabrasion
resurfacing technique
Lasers for Skin Resurfacing
Erbium, CO2, Carbon Dioxide
Pre- care for laser treatments consists of:
AHA exfoliant, melanin suppressant, Retin A
Lesion
any mark on the skin that is not normal
Vesicle
blisters
athrophy
wasting away
hypertrophy
thickening of the tissue
nevus
mole
lentigines
freckles
dermatitis
inflammation of the skin
urticaria
hives due to allergies
skin tags
very small threadlike growing
xanthomas
fatty pockets found on eyelids
Tinea Pedis
athlete's foot
Skin Concerns found in a medical environment
Allergies, rosacea, acne, psoriasis, cancer
Scientific Method
development of an idea based on available information
Control Group
an experiment that does not change behavior
Statistics
measurement of mathematical changed in the experiment
Cidesco
for an esthetician, highest earned title in the world
hippocratic oath
pledge that physicians make in order to become licensed
Risk management
avoiding malpractice through avoiding potential risk
SOAP
Subjective, Objective, Assessment, Plan
HIPPA
Health, Insurance, Portability, Accountability, Act
Waxing Hair Removal
when a wax soultion is applied to the skin as it bounds with the hairs. A cloth is then pressed into the solution and then pulled sharply back against the direction of the hair growth.
Anagen
(phase of hair growth) - growth phase
Catagen
(hair growth phase)- transition or shrieveling phase
Telogen
(Hair growh phase)- resting phase-the old hair falls out and the growth phase begins again
hair removal methods
shaving, abrasives, tweezing, chemical depilatories, electrolysis, hard wax, cold wax, soft wax, laser
Hot Wax
works well onto small patches of strong coarse hair, the wax gets a better grip of the hair than warm wax, it does not leave a sticky residue like warm wax, it is good for removing shorter hairs, possibly more suited for sensitive skin, less reddening on the skin following the wax
Warm Wax
quicker than hot wax, larger areas can be waxed at once, suitable for most hair types, hair re-growth is finer
Sugaring
water solube, clean to work with, uses only natural ingredients, it grips the coarse facial hair leaving the fine hairs, it can be used at very low temps, sticks to hair not skin, less stick to work without waxing
Signs of Infection
Pain, Swelling,redness, gever, throbbing, pus
healthy nails
smooth,pinkish, translucent
onyx
nail
keratin
protein nails are made of
nail growth
0.1 mm-3mm per month
protection
main function of the nail
Bed epithelium
thin layer of tissue- this is how the nail plate and nail bed are attached
lunula
crescent-shaped whitish area of the bed of a fingernail or toenail
mold
a fungus caused when moisture seeps between an artifical nail and the free edge of the nail
tinea manis
ringworm of the hands
tinea pedis
ringworm of the feet
Onychorcryptosis
ingrown nail
Leukonchia
white spots appearing on the nail
onychrorrhexis
split or brittle nail
pterygium
cuticle that splits around the nail
Causes of Leukonchia
injury, nutrition deficiency, hereditary
Massage
any sort of mechanically or manual manipulation of soft tissue
Effleurage
gentle, but firm stroking and sliding over the body
Friction
deeper faster effleurage, increases blood circulation
petrissage
more aggressive kneading
tapotement
gentle tapping movements
vibration
activates nerve and muscle tissue
Benefits of massage
stress relief, relaxes and refreshes muscles, improves detox, keeps skin healthy, increases metabolic function, pain management, prevent cramp or strained muscles, reduces tension, headaches
Contraindication
anything that prevents you from doing a treatment
Contraindications for massage
systemic disease, clients undergoing chemo, vascular problems, pregnancy, daibetic, swelling, infection, lumps, bumps, any unstable health condition
Stances in massage
horse, archer
Posture
important when doing a massage
core/center of the body
movement should come from this part of the body
prone
client is laying face down
supine
client is face up
algae
aids in firmness and skin renewal
chlorophyta
softening, antibacterial and anti inflammatory
cyanophyta
rich in vitamins, stimulates metabolic rate
phaeophyta
blood and metabolic stimulation
rhodophyta
contains highly balancing emollient algae
spot treatments on the body
back, cellulite, hand, arm, foot
modestry issues
prevents most americans from getting body treatments
swedish massage movements
generally used in body massage
Friction
massage movements is usuallyused to stimulate cellulite areas
Aromatherapy
a popular treatment, therapeutic use of plants for beauty and health purposes
Hydrotherapy
Scientific use of water as a treatment of injuries, diseases, or mental well being
layering
mixing and matching treatments
Seaweed and Mud
used in a body treatment for stimulating and detoxifying
P.Acne
Scientific name for acne vulgaris
Anaerobix bacteria
bacteria that does n ot need oxygen to grow or survive
Pustule
a clump of white blood cells that have formed and risen to the surface of the skin
papule
a raised area on the skin that is generally smaller than 1 centimeter
Acne Excoriee
a condition in which a person picks at their acne lesions
comedogenicity
tendency of topical substances to cause the development of comedones
Acne Cosmetica
acne caused by cosmetics
Extractoin
removal of dead skin cells
Softening the skin
steam does to enhance discrustation
Closed comedones
found on the cheeks, jaw line, and chin
Milia
snall deposits of sebum
aesthikos
greek word for "perceptible of the senses"
effects of Smoking on the skin
causes free radicals, depletion of Vit. C in the body, decreases circulation, makes skin sallow, and causes extrinsic aging around the mouth
Sensory nerves
nerves that allow you to feel pain, heat and cold, pressure and touch
Motor Nerves
nerves repsonsible for movement such as smiling facial expressions
Hypopigmentation Examples
Vitiligo and albinism
Hyperpigmentation Examples
Melasma, and Chloasma
Layers of the epidermis
Stratum Corneum
Stratum Lucidum
Stratum Granulosum
Stratum Spinosum
Basal Layer or Stratum Germinitavim
Layers of the Dermis
Papillary layer
Reticular Dermis
Subcutaneous
Warm colors
bright, attention getting reds, orange, pink, yellow, coral, brown
Cool Colors
relaxing and calm- blue, green, violet, grey
Highlighting
uses light color to enhance features making it appear larger
Contouring
Uses dark color to minimize or hide feature, illusion that the feature is corrected
Sensitive
mostly thin, small pores, pink to red in color. Flushes easily, can be uncomfortable/painful when touched
Sensitized
temporarily sensitive due tosomething causing irritation, by environment or applied. Such as windburn, sunburn,or chemicals
Basal Cell Carcinoma
most common form of skin cancer, orginateds in the basal layer. Pearl like fleshy bumps on the face, flesh or pink in color- painless
Squamous Cell Carcinoma
2nd most deady, caused by Cumulative sun exposure. Raised, crusty, warty looking. appears as ulcers or nodular bumps may bleed easily
Melanoma
most seriously and deadliest skin cancer. Moles that are dark in color
UVA RAYS
Aging, longer more intense ray, penetrates the reticular dermis
UVB RAY
burning ray, less intense, penetrate to the basal layer
UVC RAY
cancer causing short ray, penetrates to the stratum corneum
Atom
smallest possible unit of an element
proton
particles that make up the nucleus of an atom, positive charge
neutron
particles that make up the nucleus of an atom- no charge
electron
negative charges of electricity that resolve around the nucleus of an atom
Mineral makeup
inert, acts as a sunscreen, camouglages imperfections, light and all purpose, skin friendly
Asian
most sensitive, hyperpigmentation easily with use of aggressive substance, age slowly
Black
get keloids easily, hyperpigmentation easily, can be sensitive, age slowly
Virus
tiny particle that must live on a host cell.Capable of infesting almost all plants and animals,including bacteria
Papain
papaya=derivative of enzyme
Bromelain
pineapple-derivative of enzyme
Pancreatin
Bovine (pig or cow) derivative of enzyme
AHA
chemical exfoliant that works from the inside out. Glycoloic, lactic, malic, and tartaric acids -- best for aging, dry/dehydrated, wrinkle and hyperpigmentation
BHA
chemical exfoliant htta works from the outside in. salisylic and citric acid- best for acne, rosacea, telangectasia
Lymph
Constantly bathes the various tissues of the body.removes the waste/toxins in the body
Face Shapes
Oval, round, square, rectangle, triangle, inverted triangle,heart, diamond
apply Soft Wax
very thin like glaze, spreadin the direction ofhair growth at a 45 degree angle toward you, better for large areas
apply hard wax
applied thicker, should have lip to pullm spread in the directionof hair growth, sets in seconds, good for smaller arears
Salicylic Benefits
antibacterial, antiseptic, ant-inflammatory, keratolytic, kills p.acne
anagen
growing
catagen
falling out
talogen
resting
primary colors
red yellow blue
secondary colors
orange green violet
complimentary colors
colors that are opposite one another on the color wheel
Macule
freckle smaller than 1 cm
Patch
freckle larger than 1 cm
vesicles
blisters
Bullae
very large vesicles (blister)
pustule
flat surface raised above the skin
papules
cherry angioma raised red bump, easily felt
plaque
raised lesion with a flat surface
nodule
soild bump 1 centimeter can be felt
tumor
very large nodule
wheal
hive histamines are released in the body
scale
flaky skin cell
cyst
pocket full of infection under the skin
Keloids
raised scar
excoriation scar
caused by scraped or scratches
ulcer
dep erosion or depression
erosion
despressed scar
fissure
crack in skin
crust
dried body serum (pus or blood)
Lightening Ingredients
hydroquinone
Brightening Ingredients
bearberry extract, licorice extract, azeliac acid, kojic acid,mulberry extractg, asafetida, magnesium ascorbyl phosphate, ascorbyl glucosamine, arbutin
Anhydrous products
oil serums, petoleum based products, lip balms, silicone serums
intrinsic aging
aging due to things we cant control, hereditary, genetic factors
extrinsic aging
controllable factors that contribute to the aging of skin, ex- sun exposure
Ingredients that attract water to the skin
hyluronic acid, humectants
lymphocytes
white blood cells formed in the lymphatic tissue thru out the body
lymphocytes
in normal adults they makeup 22-28% of the total number of Leukocytes in the circulating blood
Skin
the largest organ of the body
Collagen
protein that makes up 70% of the weight of the skin
Collagen
gives skin its strength and found in the reticular dermis
keratosis
build up of cells
parietal
forms side and top of cranium
occipital
forms lower back of cranium
frontal
form the forehead
temporal
forms the side of head by ear
sphenoid
connects all bones
zygomatic arch
cheek bones
manidible
lower jawbone
maxilla
upper jawbone
ethmoid
bone between eye sockets
lacriminal
forms eye sockets
bones in the face
14
bones in the head
8
Loupe
same as magnifying glass
Vitamin C
Ascrobic Acid, helps to protect the body from many forms of oxidation
Vitamin E
Tocopherol, serves as an antioxidant to the body
Vitamin D
Sunshine Vitamin, Skin synthesis' Vit D From Cholesterol when exposed to sunlight
Vitamin K
Aids in the coagulation of blood
pH
potential hydrogen
Urinary System
secrets waste and water control
Nervous System
basis of consciousness and creativity
Digestive System
breaks down food and secretes waste
endocrine system
regulates hormone producing glands
respiratory system
breathing, provides oxygen to the blood
skeletal system
bones, structures, protect organs
muscular system
movement
immune system
bodys defense
reproductive system
reproduction and continuation of species
circulatory system
heart, pumps blood
Corrugator Supercili
known as the botox place, stops the forehead from scowling
Ostia
pore opening
Covalent bonds
the sharing of electrons between two atoms
ionic bonds
bond between two ions that have opposite charges
electricity
energy
OHM
measure of how much a material resists a flowing current
AMP
measure of the amount of current flowing into a circuit
circuit
the path a current takes as it moves thru a system
conductor
an element that will easily pass and electrical current or flow of negatively charged electrons
Galvanic
creates a chemical reaction that acts to emulsify or liquefy sebum- 2 reactions disincrustation and iontophoresis
Dr. Lucas
a sprayer that sprays a cool, fine mist, food for sensitive skin and hydration for all skin types
Accutane
rx name-isotretinoi, oral acne medication used for severe cases of acne
Pilosebaceous Unit
the structure in which the hair growsthat are commonly knownas "pores", the hair follicle
Sebaceous gland
oil gland
sudiferous gland
sweat gland
Sun Fungus
tinea versicolor- yeast infection that affects the ability of the skin to produce melanin
10 pints
how many pints of bloodare in the human body
lymphatic system
consits of lymphb flowing thru the lymphatic spaces, cleansing wastes and toxins out of the body
functions of the skin
temperature regulator, sensory, healing, immunity, protection
distillation
main method of extracting essential oils. Egyptians were the first to use this