CH 9 REAL ESTATE
Terms in this set (21)
. In a mortgage loan, the borrower always creates two documents: a note and a mortgage. Which of the following pieces of information is provided in the mortgage?
Whether the lender has the right to accelerate the loan, requiring the borrower to pay it off, in the case that the property is sold prior to the term of the loan.
A significant number of mortgage loans use adjustable interest rates, in which the interest rate of the loan is tied to an index rate that fluctuates over time. For income-producing property, the most common index rate is the:
London Interbank Offered Rate (LIBOR
Added to the index of the adjustable rate is a margin, which is the lender's "markup." For standard Adjustable Rate Mortgage (ARM) loans, the average industry margin has been stable at
275 basis points
Most Adjustable Rate Mortgage (ARM) loans have been marketed with a temporarily reduced interest rate commonly referred to as a:
For most mortgage loans on commercial real estate, the right of prepayment is constrained through a prepayment penalty. Which of the following types of prepayment penalties requires a borrower to provide the lender with some combination of U.S. Treasury securities that will serve to replace the cash flows of the loan being paid off?
defeasance prepayment penalty
. Because the mortgage conveys a complex claim for a long period of time, clauses are included in anticipation of possible future complications. Which of the following clauses requires a borrower to make monthly deposits into an account in order to pay obligations such as property taxes, community association fees, or causality insurance premiums?
Certain mortgage loans contain a due-on-sale clause, which gives the lender the right to terminate the loan at sale of the property. Which of the following types of loans is the most likely to contain a due-on-sale clause?
conventional home loans
Standard mortgage loans require monthly payments typically composed of two components: interest and principal repayments. When scheduled mortgage payments are insufficient to pay all of the accumulating interest, causing some interest to be added to the outstanding balance after each payment shortfall, the loan is said to be:
One of the main distinctions between commercial mortgage loans and residential mortgage loans lies in the personal liability of the borrower. With residential loans, the lender can hold the borrower personally liable in the event of a default. Such loans are commonly referred to as:
In a mortgage agreement, the borrower conveys to the lender a security interest in the mortgage property. The lender, i.e. the individual who receives the mortgage claim, is known as the:
Violations of the requirements of a note that do not disrupt the payments on the loan tend to be viewed as "technical" defaults. In practice, how many days must a payment be overdue in order for lenders to treat a default as serious?
When a borrower defaults on the payment requirements of a loan, there are several options that the lender has at its disposal. When the lender allows the borrower simply to convey the property to the lender, this is commonly referred to as:
deed in lieu of foreclosure
Foreclosure is considered the ultimate recourse of the lender because it allows the lender to bring about sale of the property to recover the outstanding indebtedness. All of the following statements regarding foreclosure are true EXCEPT:
When a lender forecloses on a property, it extinguishes all superior liens, bringing about a free and clear sale of the property.
The difference between judicial foreclosure and power of sale in the treatment of defaulted mortgages can be significant. All of the following statements regarding power of sale are true EXCEPT:
The foreclosed property is sold through a public auction administered by the court.
The risk of bankruptcy tends to travel with the risk of foreclosure since both can result from financial distress. Known popularly by its section in the Federal Bankruptcy Code, which of the following types of bankruptcy is a court-supervised workout for a troubled business
chapter 11 bankruptcy
When a buyer acquires a property having an existing mortgage loan, a decision must be made as to whether or not the subsequent owner of the property can preserve the loan. If the buyer does not add his or her signature to the note, the buyer does not take on any personal liability. In this case, the buyer is said to:
purchase the property subject to the existing loan
Most real estate loans have a definite term to maturity, stated in years. The majority of home loans will typically have a term to maturity between:
It is possible to have a secured real estate loan without a mortgage through the use of a contract for deed. In contrast to the standard real estate sale, which of the following events occurs after the closing when dealing with a contract for deed?
Title to the property passes to the buyer
Congress has enacted a number of regulations that have established criteria for evaluating home loan applicants and mandating disclosures in the origination of home loans. Which of the following congressional acts requires important disclosures concerning the cost of consumer credit, including the computation of the annual percentage rate (APR)?
truth in lending act TILA
In addition to numerous congressional acts that focus more on national regulation, laws have been created that affect the practice of home mortgage lending at a community or neighborhood level. For example, laws have been enacted to prevent lenders from avoiding certain neighborhoods without regard to the merits of the individual loan applications, a practice more commonly referred to as
Assume that an individual has just lost his job and has been consistently late paying his bills. The bank recognizes deterioration in the individual's credit score and has notified him that he must pay his home equity line of credit in full. The mortgage clause that makes this possible is known as the: