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57 terms

Colonial Test Review

STUDY
PLAY
Puritans
wanted to purify church-settled in Jamestown
Salem Witch Trials
happened in Massachusetts-1692-hysteria
Town Meetings
1st form of democracy
Mayflower Compact
created on Nov. 11th, 1620-stating Plymouth was officially a colony
House of Burgesses
1619- first meeting held-1st representative legislative body in the New World
Legislative Branch
makes laws
Proprietary Colony
colony given to an individual or group by British crown;separate laws and gov. granted *rent the land
Cash Crop
crops that are sold for money in market
Quakers
group of people in Pennsylvania who believed all people were equal
Triangular Trade
trade from North America (sugar, tobacco, cotton) to Europe (rum, textiles, manufactured goods) to Africa (slaves)
Magna Carta
1215; made to limit King John's power
William Bradford
founder of Plymouth, Massachusetts-Nov. 9th, 1620-separatist;wanted to separate from church
Ferdinando Gorges
founder of New Hampshire
Thomas Hooker
founder of Connecticut
John Winthrop
founder of Massachusetts Bay-1630-wanted to purify the church of England
Roger Williams
founder of Rhode Island-thought gov. had too much power
John Smith
leader of Jamestown-kept colony together till 1608
Plymouth
in Massachusetts-founded on Nov. 9th, 1620-helped by Squanto which led to 1st Thanksgiving-William Bradford;settled there (separatists) for religious freedom-NE colony
Jamestown
in Virginia;founded in 1607 (leader was John Smith)-faced starvation (1609-1610), malaria, no fresh drinking water, and settlement was on swampy area-cash crop was tobacco-Middle Colony-*IST PERMENANT SETTLEMENT
Massachusetts Bay Colony
founded by John Winthrop for religious freedom (Puritans-wanted to purify the church)-NE colony-1630
New York/New Netherlands
named after Duke of York-Middle colony-1624-Minuit-trading center
Connecticut
1636-NE colony-Thomas Hooker-religious freedom+expand trade-gov. had too much power
Delaware
1638-Dutch/Swedish Settlers-exploring Atlantic Coast-Middle Colony
New Jersey
Middle Colony-originated from New York-1664
New Hampshire
NE colony-1622-wanted to profit from trade-Gorges
Rhode Island
1636-Roger Williams-religious freedom-thought gov. had too much power-NE Colony
Pennsylvania
1681-Middle Colony-William Penn.-Quakers settled there
Maryland
1632-Lord Baltimore-build a colony for Catholics-Southern Colony
Georgia
southern colony-1732-James Oglethorpe-wanted a new colony where debtors could make a fresh start
Virginia
southern colony-*JAMESTOWN 1607 1ST PERMENANT SETTLEMENT
Carolina's
southern colonies-1663-group of 8 English settlers-started out as 1 colony but split into 2
John Locke
gain knowledge by observing+experimenting (1600-1700s)
Ben Franklin
use reason to improve the world (lightening rod, biffocals)
William Penn
Quaker-founder of Pennsylvania-thought gov. had too much power
James Oglethorpe
founder of Georgia
Lord Baltimore
founder of Maryland-wanted to build a colony where Catholics could practice their religion freely
Pilgrims (separatists)
Mayflower----->Plymouth-Nov. 9th, 1620-wanted to separate from church
Squanto
Native American-helped pilgrims-led to first Thanksgiving
Apprentice
worked for a master to learn a trade-work+live w/ master
Enlightenment
1600-1700s-use reason, not superstition to understand the world
Mercantilism
a colony exists for the benefit of the mother country
George Carteret
one of the founders of New Jersey
Peter Minuit
founder of NY
Protestant Reformation
a religious movement of the 16th century that began as an attempt to reform the Roman Catholic Church and resulted in the creation of Protestant churches
English Bill of Rights
King William and Queen Mary accepted this document in 1689. It guaranteed certain rights to English citizens and declared that elections for Parliament would happen frequently. By accepting this document, they supported a limited monarchy, a system in which they shared their power with Parliament and the people.
Great Awakening
Religious revival movement in the colonies
Act of Toleration
Guaranteed toleration for all Christians.
Royal Colony
A colony under the direct control of a monarch
Slave codes
laws in the southern states that controlled enslaved people
Parliament
a legislative assembly in certain countries
Navigation Acts
Laws passed by the British to control colonial trade
John Mason
One of the founders of New Hampshire
John Edwards
Preacher in New England who helped set off the Great Awakening
John Peter Zenger
A New York editor whose trial for seditious libel backfired on the government; the jury found that truth was a defense for libel.
Anne Hutchinson
American colonist (born in England) who was banished from Boston for her religious views (1591-1643)
Pocahontas
a Powhatan woman (the daughter of Powhatan) who befriended the English at Jamestown and is said to have saved Captain John Smith's life (1595-1617)
John Berkeley
*one of the founders of New Jersey-He participated in the exile of the royal family, in 1652, and was placed at the head of the Duke of York's establishment, having the management of all the Duke's receipts and expenditures