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wanted to purify church-settled in Jamestown

Salem Witch Trials

happened in Massachusetts-1692-hysteria

Town Meetings

1st form of democracy

Mayflower Compact

created on Nov. 11th, 1620-stating Plymouth was officially a colony

House of Burgesses

1619- first meeting held-1st representative legislative body in the New World

Legislative Branch

makes laws

Proprietary Colony

colony given to an individual or group by British crown;separate laws and gov. granted *rent the land

Cash Crop

crops that are sold for money in market


group of people in Pennsylvania who believed all people were equal

Triangular Trade

trade from North America (sugar, tobacco, cotton) to Europe (rum, textiles, manufactured goods) to Africa (slaves)

Magna Carta

1215; made to limit King John's power

William Bradford

founder of Plymouth, Massachusetts-Nov. 9th, 1620-separatist;wanted to separate from church

Ferdinando Gorges

founder of New Hampshire

Thomas Hooker

founder of Connecticut

John Winthrop

founder of Massachusetts Bay-1630-wanted to purify the church of England

Roger Williams

founder of Rhode Island-thought gov. had too much power

John Smith

leader of Jamestown-kept colony together till 1608


in Massachusetts-founded on Nov. 9th, 1620-helped by Squanto which led to 1st Thanksgiving-William Bradford;settled there (separatists) for religious freedom-NE colony


in Virginia;founded in 1607 (leader was John Smith)-faced starvation (1609-1610), malaria, no fresh drinking water, and settlement was on swampy area-cash crop was tobacco-Middle Colony-*IST PERMENANT SETTLEMENT

Massachusetts Bay Colony

founded by John Winthrop for religious freedom (Puritans-wanted to purify the church)-NE colony-1630

New York/New Netherlands

named after Duke of York-Middle colony-1624-Minuit-trading center


1636-NE colony-Thomas Hooker-religious freedom+expand trade-gov. had too much power


1638-Dutch/Swedish Settlers-exploring Atlantic Coast-Middle Colony

New Jersey

Middle Colony-originated from New York-1664

New Hampshire

NE colony-1622-wanted to profit from trade-Gorges

Rhode Island

1636-Roger Williams-religious freedom-thought gov. had too much power-NE Colony


1681-Middle Colony-William Penn.-Quakers settled there


1632-Lord Baltimore-build a colony for Catholics-Southern Colony


southern colony-1732-James Oglethorpe-wanted a new colony where debtors could make a fresh start




southern colonies-1663-group of 8 English settlers-started out as 1 colony but split into 2

John Locke

gain knowledge by observing+experimenting (1600-1700s)

Ben Franklin

use reason to improve the world (lightening rod, biffocals)

William Penn

Quaker-founder of Pennsylvania-thought gov. had too much power

James Oglethorpe

founder of Georgia

Lord Baltimore

founder of Maryland-wanted to build a colony where Catholics could practice their religion freely

Pilgrims (separatists)

Mayflower----->Plymouth-Nov. 9th, 1620-wanted to separate from church


Native American-helped pilgrims-led to first Thanksgiving


worked for a master to learn a trade-work+live w/ master


1600-1700s-use reason, not superstition to understand the world


a colony exists for the benefit of the mother country

George Carteret

one of the founders of New Jersey

Peter Minuit

founder of NY

Protestant Reformation

a religious movement of the 16th century that began as an attempt to reform the Roman Catholic Church and resulted in the creation of Protestant churches

English Bill of Rights

King William and Queen Mary accepted this document in 1689. It guaranteed certain rights to English citizens and declared that elections for Parliament would happen frequently. By accepting this document, they supported a limited monarchy, a system in which they shared their power with Parliament and the people.

Great Awakening

Religious revival movement in the colonies

Act of Toleration

Guaranteed toleration for all Christians.

Royal Colony

A colony under the direct control of a monarch

Slave codes

laws in the southern states that controlled enslaved people


a legislative assembly in certain countries

Navigation Acts

Laws passed by the British to control colonial trade

John Mason

One of the founders of New Hampshire

John Edwards

Preacher in New England who helped set off the Great Awakening

John Peter Zenger

A New York editor whose trial for seditious libel backfired on the government; the jury found that truth was a defense for libel.

Anne Hutchinson

American colonist (born in England) who was banished from Boston for her religious views (1591-1643)


a Powhatan woman (the daughter of Powhatan) who befriended the English at Jamestown and is said to have saved Captain John Smith's life (1595-1617)

John Berkeley

*one of the founders of New Jersey-He participated in the exile of the royal family, in 1652, and was placed at the head of the Duke of York's establishment, having the management of all the Duke's receipts and expenditures

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