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Chapter 2: Settling the West, 1865-1890 Questions
Terms in this set (20)
What were the reasons why people took on the challenge of living in the West?
They wanted to mine and get rich. They also wanted to farm and ranch.
What role did mining play in the development of the American West? Give at least two examples.
It created new states: Nevada, Colorado, Arizona, New Mexico, the Dakotas, and Montana.
It created boomtowns: Virginia City and Carson City.
What were the reasons for the growth of the cattle industry on the Great Plains?
Railroads and Open Range
What was the relationship like between Hispanics and the new settlers of the Southwest?
Not a good relationship, they had conflict. Many hispanics were forced to work as vaqueros and more into barrios.
Why were some settlers on the Great Plains called homesteaders?
They were called homesteaders for owning land for 5 years and receiving a title of that land.
Why do you think the government and railroads used special policies to attract settlers to the Great Plains?
They wanted to encourage settlement in that area.
What new methods and technologies made it practical to farm the Great Plains?
Dry Farming, Steel Plows, Seed Drill, Cyrus McKormicks Mechanical Reaper, binding machine, windmills, and threshing machine.
How did the railroad change life for the Native Americans on the Great Plains?
It made it easier to bring settlers west. Then it later destroyed Native American lives in the West.
How did the railroad make life possible for miners, ranchers, and cowboys?
Miners- helped bring supplies to the west.
Ranchers&Cowboys- helped bring their cattle back from the east.
What group of people is largely responsible for building much of the railroad from California to Utah? Why did they use this group?
Chinese People (Central Pacific)
Irish Immigrants (Union Pacific)
Where did the two railroads meet? What helped make this a national event?
Promontory Point Utah
What animal was the basis of existence for the Plains Indians? What effect did the railroad have on this animal?
Buffalo, it went from a population of 33 million to 25 million.
What was the purpose of the reservation system? Why was it a failure?
To separate Native Americans from the white settlers
Compare and contrast the opposing cultures of Native Americans and settlers. How did these opposing philosophies often lead to conflict?
Native Americans- Nomadic, and depended on Buffalo, there was no land ownership
Settlers- Permanent homes, depended on mining and crops/livestock
What was the role that annuities played in the Dakota Sioux Uprising in 1862? How does this show a repeated pattern in relations between Indians and the US government?
people payed people to go to a different reservation and the government didn't pay what they promised so they fought
Be able to describe some of the conflicts between Native Americans and the US government. (Red Cloud's War, Sand Creek, Little Bighorn, Flight of the Nez Perce, Wounded Knee)
Eventually, what became the last option to survive for Native Americans as they lost control of their lands?
Assimilation was the last option. Forced to adopt a culture that was foreign to them.
Why did Sam Clemens decide to head west?
Samuel Clemens rather go west than go to War (Civil War). He was in search of silver as well.
What name did Sam Clemens start using as his pen name? Why did he choose this name?
Mark Twain; became a journalist and reporter.
How did Clemens help to contribute to the myth of the West through his writing?
Became a reporter and wrote books. He wrote about Life on the Mississippi River.
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